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Conversion of Former Btw Facilities : NATO Science Partnership Subseries: 1 - Erhard Geissler

Conversion of Former Btw Facilities

NATO Science Partnership Subseries: 1

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Published: 30th September 1998
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The development, production, stockpiling and use in war of biological and toxin weapons are prohibited by international law. Although not explicitly stated, the two treaties outlawing such activities, the Geneva Protocol of 1925 and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention of 1972, prohibit the continuation of activities previously performed in Biological and Toxin Weapons facilities not justified for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes. Because conversion and other means of cessation of former BTW facilities are not explicitly addressed in the treaties mentioned above the problems involved in conversion ofBTW facilities have thus far only been discussed marginally in the open literature. In times of increased awareness of the danger of biological and toxin warfare (including the increased danger of terrorist use of biological and toxin weapons) it seemed necessary to us to invite experts from different parts of the world to discuss the pros and cons of conversion and the problems involved. It also became obvious to us that the conversion of former BTW facilities should be discussed with respect to the necessity of peaceful internatioual cooperation in areas related to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. An additional reason to discuss matters of peaceful cooperation is that cooperation is explictly requested by Article X of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention.

Introduction
Conversion of Former BTW Facilities - Questions and Problems
Conversion of Chemical Weapons Production Facilities under the Chemical Weapons Convention
Biotechnology in a Peaceful World Economy
Redirecting Biological Warfare Capacity to International Health Biotechnology
Conversion of BTW Facilities: Lessons from German History
Challenges of BW Control and Defense during Arms Reduction
Conversion of Past Biological Weapons Facilities: Lessons from Western Conversion
Development of Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing at Fort Detrick, Maryland
Pharmaceutical and Regulatory Aspects of Conversion
The Possibilities and Limitations of Biological Weapons Conversion: Personnel and Facilities
Controlling Dangerous Pathogens: A Blue Print for U.S.-Russian Cooperation
A Report of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences to the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program of the U.S
Department of Defense
The Need for International Cooperation to Provide Transparency and to Strengthen the BWC
Redirection of BW Experts in the Framework of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC)
Conversion of BW Facilities in Kazakstan
Facilitating the Conversion of BTW Facilities through International Technical Cooperation: BTWC Implications
The Ad Hoc Group: Past Biological Weapons Facilities
Annexes
Proposed Glossary of Terms and Definitions
Acronyms
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792352501
ISBN-10: 0792352505
Series: NATO Science Partnership Subseries: 1
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 222
Published: 30th September 1998
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.25
Weight (kg): 0.33