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Control of Dual-Threat Agents : The Vaccines for Peace Programme - Erhard Geissler

Control of Dual-Threat Agents

The Vaccines for Peace Programme

By: Erhard Geissler (Editor), John P. Woodall (Editor)

Paperback Published: 30th June 1994
ISBN: 9780198291725
Number Of Pages: 288

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Dual-threat agents (DTAs) are those viruses, bacteria, fungi, and toxins which are not only natural enemies of living organisms but which can be deliberately used for hostile purposes as biological or toxin weapon agents. The development, production, and use of vaccines are the primary measures needed to prevent DTA-related diseases and intoxinations. However, the development and production of vaccines against DTAs are more or less restricted to military programs, and this frequently raises suspicions about possible offensive intentions. To counter such reservations, a proposal has been made to establish a Vaccines for Peace (VFP) program, an international program for the development and use of vaccines against DTAs, to be administered by the World Health Organization in close cooperation with the Program for Vaccine Development. This book provides a thorough and wide-ranging analysis of the VFP program. It contains contributions from a range of experts from fields as diverse as biotechnology, international law, and diplomacy.

`This book is a valuable account of the current state of the production of vaccines against human pathogens and toxins and the long-term strategy to make them available for civil use. It is a useful starting point to stimulate discussion with the most up-to-date, international information. It is vital, however, that the ideas from this study are heeded and drawn upon to enable further work to be carried out to assess the feasibility of the VEP programme.' International Peacekeeping

Foreword
Preface
Contributors
Acronyms and abbreviations
Introductionp. 3
The Vaccines for Peace programme: executive summaryp. 6
Arms control, health care and technology transfer under the Vaccines for Peace programmep. 10
The missing link in implementation of the BWC: the war against pathogensp. 41
Vaccines for Peace: a political scientist's critiquep. 48
Control and co-operation in biological defence research: national programmes and international accountabilityp. 56
Verification of the BWCp. 67
The conversion of biological warfare research and development facilities to peaceful usesp. 77
Viral vaccines: their evolution and current trendsp. 109
Human viral vaccinesp. 120
Viral vaccine research, development and production in the former Soviet Union: a brief review of the situationp. 129
The Scientific and Production Association Vector: the current situationp. 133
Vaccines against dual-threat agents: regulation and quality, issues and constraintsp. 139
Vaccines for biological defence: defence considerationsp. 151
Molecular aspects of the activity and design of antiviral agentsp. 163
Vaccines for public health: can Vaccines for Peace help in the war against disease?p. 168
The Global Epidemiological Surveillance System and Vaccines for Peace: complementary initiatives in public health and weapon controlp. 176
The WHO global smallpox eradication programme: vaccine supply and variola virus stocksp. 185
Options for the development and transfer of vaccine technologyp. 203
Funding and managing international programmes in biosciences and health carep. 213
From BVI to VFP: towards a system of global biological securityp. 219
Annexe A. The 1972 Biological Weapons Conventionp. 243
Annexe B. Final Declaration of the Third Review Conference of the BWCp. 246
Annexe C. The Biesenthal Vaccine Initiative (Vaccines for Peace) Biesenthal Consensusp. 255
Annexe D. The Biesenthal Vaccine Initiative Mission Statementp. 258
Annexe E. Mission Statement of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Project on the Global Control of Emerging Infectious Diseasesp. 259
Annexe F. US House of Representatives Resolution H.R. 5241p. 261
SIPRI publications on CBWp. 264
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198291725
ISBN-10: 0198291728
Series: Sipri Chemical & Biological Warfare Studies
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 30th June 1994
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 29.69 x 21.01  x 1.58
Weight (kg): 0.93