The highly sophisticated techniques of modern engineering are normally conceived of in practical terms. Corresponding to the instrumental function of technology, they are designed to direct the forces of nature according to human purposes. Yet, as soon as the realm of mere skills is exceeded, the intended useful results can only be achieved through planned and preconceived action processes involving the deliberately considered application of well designed tools and devices. This is to say that in all complex cases theoretical reasoning becomes an indispensable means to accomplish the pragmatic technological aims. Hence the abstracting from the actual concrete function of technology opens the way to concentrate attention on the general conceptual framework involved. If this approach is adopted the relevant knowledge and the procedures applied clearly exhibit a logic of their own. This point of view leads to a methodological and even an epistemological analysis of the theoretical structure and the specific methods of procedure characteristic of modern technology.
Investigations of this kind, that can be described as belonging to an ana- lytical philosophy of technology, form the topic of this anthology. The type of research in question here is closely akin to that of the philosophy of science. But it is an astonishing fact that the commonly accepted and carefully investigated philosophy of science has not yet found its counterpart in an established philosophy of technology.
On the Concepts of 'Technology' and 'Technological Sciences'.- Technology as Applied Science.- The Confusion Between Science and Technology in the Standard Philosophies of Science.- The Need for Corroboration. Comments on J. Agassi's Paper.- Planning for Success. A Reply to J. O. Wisdom.- Rules for Making Discoveries. Reply to J. Agassi.- The Structure of Thinking in Technology.- The Social Character of Technological Problems. Comments on Skolimowski's Paper.- Technology and Natural Science - A Methodological Investigation.- Scientific Method - A Triad.- Specific Features of Technology in Its Interrelation with Natural Science.- On the Classification of the Technological Sciences.- Instrumentalization of Actions.- A Philosophy of Engineering Design.- The Design Method - A Scientific Approach to Valid Design.- Three-Dimensional Morphology of Systems Engineering.- The Role of Experiments in Applied Science - Letters to the Editor by A. J. S. Pippard, W. A. Tuplin, E. McEwen, and Your Reviewer.- The Role of Apparatus in Cognition and Its Classification.- Select Bibliography.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.
Series: Theory and Decision Library
Number Of Pages: 229
Published: 31st October 1974
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5
Weight (kg): 1.18