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Contractarianism and Rational Choice : Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement - Peter Vallentyne

Contractarianism and Rational Choice

Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement

By: Peter Vallentyne (Editor)

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Published: 27th May 1991
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David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement (1986) is the most complete and suggestive contractarian theory of morality since the work of Rawls. In this anthology a number of prominent moral and political philosophers offer a critical assessment of Gauthier's theory and its three main projects: developing a contractarian foundation for morality, defending a theory of rational choice, and supporting the claim that rationality requires one to keep one's agreements. An introduction sets out Gauthier's project, while Gauthier himself has the last word, responding to the critiques. This collection will interest moral and political philosophers, social theorists, and specialists in the philosophy and theory of law as well as management sciences.

Prefacep. ix
Notes on the contributorsp. xi
Biographical note on David Gauthierp. xv
Gauthier's three projectsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Gauthier's moral methodologyp. 1
Gauthier's contractarian theoryp. 3
Gauthier's rational-choice frameworkp. 5
The initial bargaining positionp. 6
The bargaining solutionp. 7
The rationality of complying with rational agreementsp. 9
Conclusionp. 11
Gauthier's contractarian moral theory
Overview of the essaysp. 13
Why contractarianism?p. 15
Two faces of contractarian thoughtp. 31
Gauthier's foundations for ethics under the test of applicationp. 56
Deliberationp. 58
Revolutionp. 64
Accumulation of exceptionsp. 66
Contractarianism and the assumption of mutual unconcernp. 71
Moral standing and rational-choice contractarianismp. 76
Rational-choice contractarianismp. 78
Moral standingp. 81
Moral standing in rational-choice contractarian moralityp. 83
Self-interest and moral standingp. 90
Minimax relative concession and the Lockean Proviso
Overview of the essaysp. 97
The Lockean Provisop. 99
Moralities and starting pointsp. 101
Slaves, servants, and serfsp. 102
The market as moral anarchyp. 104
Prerequisites for social agreementp. 106
Three rejoindersp. 108
Providing for rightsp. 112
Gauthier on distributive justice and the natural baselinep. 127
Introduction: Gauthier's contractarianismp. 127
Gauthier on distributive justicep. 129
Gauthier on predatory gains and the Lockean Provisop. 136
On the Hobbesian starting pointp. 144
Relations between statesp. 146
Summaryp. 147
Equalizing concessions in the pursuit of justice: A discussion of Gauthier's bargaining solutionp. 149
Gauthier's approach to distributive justice and other bargaining solutionsp. 162
Nash's bargaining solutionp. 163
The Kalai-Smorodinski solutionp. 168
Gauthier's maximin solutionp. 170
Concluding remarksp. 175
The rationality of keeping agreements
Overview of the essaysp. 177
Deception and reasons to be moralp. 181
Contractarianism and moral skepticismp. 196
The skeptical problem: First accountp. 198
The contractarian solutionp. 200
Rational compliance and skepticismp. 204
The relevance objection: Substantive impartialityp. 208
The relevance objection: Archimedean impartialityp. 212
Justification: Internal objectionsp. 219
Justification: External objectionsp. 224
The skeptical problem: Revised accountp. 225
Deriving morality from rationalityp. 229
Introductionp. 229
Gauthier's core argument for the rationality of compliancep. 232
Comment on premises 1 and 2p. 235
Does constrained maximization maximize expected utility?p. 238
The alleged rationality of carrying out rational intentionsp. 244
The derivation of morality from rationalityp. 249
Morality and the theory of rational choicep. 254
The rational-choice frameworkp. 255
Fairness and constrained maximizationp. 261
Fairness and bargainingp. 262
Fairness and stabilityp. 265
Broad and narrow compliancep. 272
The arguments from rational and costless bargainingp. 286
Conclusionp. 289
Closing the compliance dilemma: How it's rational to be moral in a Lamarckian worldp. 291
The compliance problemp. 291
Substantive rationalityp. 297
Procedural rationalityp. 306
Moralityp. 316
Conclusionp. 322
Rational constraint: Some last wordsp. 323
Bibliographyp. 331
Indexp. 337
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521398152
ISBN-10: 0521398150
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 356
Published: 27th May 1991
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.0
Weight (kg): 0.53