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Continents and Supercontinents - John J. W. Rogers

Continents and Supercontinents

Hardcover Published: 1st October 2004
ISBN: 9780195165890
Number Of Pages: 304

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To this day, there is a great amount of controversy about where, when and how the so-called supercontinents--Pangea, Godwana, Rodinia, and Columbia--were made and broken. Continents and Supercontinents frames that controversy by giving all the necessary background on how continental crust is formed, modified, and destroyed, and what forces move plates. It also discusses how these processes affect the composition of seawater, climate, and the evolution of life.
Rogers and Santosh begin with a survey of plate tectonics, and go on to describe the composition, production, and destruction of continental and oceanic crust, and show that cratons or assemblies of cratons became the first true continents, approximately one billion years after the earliest continental crust evolved. The middle part of the book concentrates on supercontinents, beginning with a discussion of types of orogenic belts, distinguishing those that formed by closure of an ocean basin within the belt and those that formed by intracontinental deformation caused by stresses generated elsewhere. This information permits discrimination between models of supercontinent formation by accretion of numerous small terranes and by reorganization of large old continental blocks.
This background leads to a description of the assembly and fragmentation of supercontinents throughout earth history. The record is most difficult to interpret for the oldest supercontinent, Columbia, and also controversial for Rodinia, the next youngest supercontinent. The configurations and pattern of breakup of Gondwana and Pangea are well known, but some aspects of their assembly are unclear. The book also briefly describes the histories of continents after the breakup of Pangea, and discusses how changes in the composition of seawater, climate, and life may have been affected by the sizes and locations of continents and supercontinents.

"...this book provides a very thorough review of its subject matter, and will be accessible to those who have had an introduction to tectonics, petrology, and geochemistry."--Choice "...this book provides a very thorough review of its subject matter, and will be accessible to those who have had an introduction to tectonics, petrology, and geochemistry."--Choice

1: Continental Drift--The Road to Plate Tectonics 2: Plate Tectonics Now and in the Past n 3Creation, Destruction, and Changes in Volume of Continental Crust through Time 4: Growth of Cratons and Their Post-Stabilization Histories 5: Assembly of Continents and Establishment of Lower Crust and Upper Mantle 6: Assembly and Dispersal of Supercontinents 7: Supercontinents Older Than Gondwana 8: Gondwana and Pangea 9: Rifting of Pangea and Formation of Present Ocean Basins 10: History of Continents after Rifting from Pangea 11: Effects of Continents and Supercontinents on Climate 12: Effects of Continents and Supercontinents on Organic Evolution Appendix A. Seismic Methods Appendix B. Heat Flow and Thermal Gradients Appendix C. Paleomagnetism Appendix D. Isotopic Systems Appendix E. Cratons Appendix F. Anorogenic Magmatic Suites Appendix G. Orogenic Belts of Grenville Age Appendix H. Orogenic Belts of 2.1-1.3-Ga Age Appendix I. Orogenic Belts of Pan-African-Brasiliano Age References Author Index Subject Index

ISBN: 9780195165890
ISBN-10: 0195165896
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 304
Published: 1st October 2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.04 x 18.42  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.74