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Continent of Hunter-Gatherers : New Perspectives in Australian Prehistory - Harry Lourandos

Continent of Hunter-Gatherers

New Perspectives in Australian Prehistory

Paperback Published: 12th May 1997
ISBN: 9780521359467
Number Of Pages: 408

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This book challenges traditional perceptions of Australian Aboriginal prehistory: that environment is the major determinant of hunter-gatherers; that Aborigines were egalitarian and culturally homogeneous; that they experienced few economic and demographic changes. Lourandos argues that their social and economic processes were complex and that the prehistory period was dynamic. Lourandos considers colonization, Tasmanian Aborigines, the role of fire, the intensification debate, plant exploitation and other prehistoric hunter-gatherer societies.

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"The organization of the vcolume has been carefully thought out, and the regional orientation generally works qiute well. The book is well illustrated, with numerous photographs, maps, and line drawings...Continent of Hunter-Gatherers is a compelling book of serous scholarship and deep thought...the book will undoubted have an impact on Austrailian archyaeology, and be a focus of heated discussion there for some time to come. The volume should also attract much interest from North American archaeologists." Candian Jrnl of Archaeology 24, 2000

List of Figuresp. x
List of Tablesp. xiii
Prefacep. xiv
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Introduction: Changing perspectivesp. 1
Hunter-Gatherer Variation In Time And Spacep. 8
The question of complexityp. 8
Long- and short-term trendsp. 9
Theoretical approachesp. 10
Investigating socio-cultural variationp. 11
Overviewp. 30
Australian Aboriginal Hunter-Gatherersp. 32
Changing perspectivesp. 32
Population size and densityp. 35
Territoryp. 38
Exchange and tradep. 40
Australian and Tasmanian ethnographic case studiesp. 43
The tropical northp. 43
The arid zonep. 51
The semi-arid zonep. 54
Sub-tropical Australiap. 57
Temperate southern Australiap. 59
Temperate island Tasmaniap. 69
Hunters and horticulturalistsp. 74
Overviewp. 76
Out Of Asia: Earliest Evidence And Peoplep. 80
Earliest sitesp. 84
Earliest claimsp. 87
Peoplep. 88
Environmental impactp. 95
The Tropical Northp. 112
Pleistocene settlementp. 112
Palaeoenvironmentp. 112
Late Pleistocene: c. 40,000-15,000 BPp. 113
Terminal Pleistocene: c. 15,000-10,000 BPp. 120
Pleistocene rock artp. 121
Overview: Pleistocene settlementp. 123
Holocene settlementp. 125
Palaeoenvironmentp. 125
Art and social networks of northern Australiap. 152
Overview: Holocene settlementp. 165
Overviewp. 167
Arid And Semi-Arid Australiap. 170
Pleistocene settlementp. 170
Palaeoenvironmentp. 170
The arid zonep. 170
Overview: Pleistocene arid Australiap. 174
The semi-arid zonep. 177
Holocene settlementp. 184
Palaeoenvironmentp. 184
The arid zonep. 184
Overview: Holocene arid Australiap. 192
Overviewp. 193
Temperate Southern Australiap. 195
Pleistocene settlementp. 195
Palaeoenvironmentp. 195
Pleistocene sites: c. 30,000-20,000 BPp. 197
Pleistocene sites: c. 20,000-10,000 BPp. 200
Overview: Pleistocene settlementp. 202
Holocene settlementp. 204
Palaeoenvironmentp. 204
Southeastern Australiap. 205
Southwestern Australiap. 239
Overview: Holocene settlementp. 240
Tasmaniap. 244
Pleistocene settlementp. 244
Palaeoenvironmentp. 244
Overview: Pleistocene settlementp. 254
The Holocene: Isolation and transformationp. 255
Palaeoenvironmentp. 256
Overview: Holocene settlementp. 274
Artefacts And Assemblages Continent-Widep. 282
The Australian Core Tool and Scraper traditionp. 282
The Australian Small Tool traditionp. 287
The introduction of the dingop. 295
Interpretationsp. 296
Pleistocene patternsp. 296
Holocene patternsp. 300
An evaluation of resultsp. 304
Chronological trends and patternsp. 305
Modelsp. 307
Two new alternative modelsp. 318
Change or stability?p. 321
Concluding Perspectivesp. 324
Ethnography and ethnohistoryp. 324
Archaeologyp. 326
Three modelsp. 327
Greater Australia and world prehistoryp. 330
Glossaryp. 336
Notes on Dating Methodsp. 338
Referencesp. 339
Indexp. 383
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521359467
ISBN-10: 0521359465
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 408
Published: 12th May 1997
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.57 x 19.43  x 2.29
Weight (kg): 0.71