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Context and Circumstance : The Turkish Military and Politics - Gareth Jenkins

Context and Circumstance

The Turkish Military and Politics

Paperback Published: 25th March 1993
ISBN: 9780198509714
Number Of Pages: 120

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Debates about military influence on civilian government tend to be partisan and rarely pay sufficient attention to specific contexts. This paper analyses, without condemnation or justification, why and how the military exercises such influence in Turkey and whether it is likely to continue to do so. It argues that the role of the military in Turkey grows out of a specific Turkish context and is more a symptom than a cause of the country's flawed democracy. It examines the Turkish officer ethos, particularly the role of the indigenous ideology of Kemalism, and the broad, though not universal, public mandate for an interventionist role in politics. It contends that the military's influence is neither uniform nor total and that it is more effective at blocking than initiating policy; thus creating a system in which civilian authority is primary rather than supreme. It analyses the mechanisms through which the military attempts to shape policy, and demonstrates how its influence depends more on its informal authority than legislated rights or responsibilities. The paper suggests that fears of threats to national security resulting from the reforms required for EU accession have made the military more, not less, reluctant to withdraw from the political arena. It concludes that, regardless of the future of Turkey's candidacy, such a withdrawal will be a slow and gradual process, dependent more on changes in Turkish social and political culture and the perceived security environment than in the military itself.

Introduction
The Military and Turkish Society
The Turkish Officer Corps
How the Turkish Military Influences Policy
The Turkish Military's Impact on Policy
Conclusion
Appendix
Notes
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198509714
ISBN-10: 0198509715
Series: Adelphi Paper,
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 120
Published: 25th March 1993
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 0.56
Weight (kg): 0.16
Edition Number: 1