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Contemporary Theories of Knowledge : Studies in Epistemology and Cognitive Theory - John L. Pollock

Contemporary Theories of Knowledge

Studies in Epistemology and Cognitive Theory

Paperback Published: 28th January 1999
ISBN: 9780847689378
Number Of Pages: 288

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This new edition of the classic Contemporary Theories of Knowledge has been significantly updated to include analyses of the recent literature in epistemology. Rather than merely making slight amendments to the first edition, Pollock and Cruz have undertaken a groundbreaking assessment of twentieth-century epistemology. This book is both an advanced textbook offering traditional discussions of foundationalism, coherentism, and reliabilism and a detailed treatise on the authors' own distinctive view, direct realism. Written in a clear accessible style, this book will be of interest to students of epistemology and to philosophers in general. Visit our website for sample chapters

A thorough and accurate survey of the present state of the subject, [Pollock's] book is also an original contribution of first importance. I know of no better introduction to contemporary theories of knowledge.--Roderick M. Chisholm, Brown University

Prefacep. xi
The Problems of Knowledge
Cognitionp. 1
Skeptical Problemsp. 2
Knowledge and Justificationp. 11
Areas of Knowledgep. 15
Perceptual Knowledgep. 15
A Priori Knowledgep. 16
Moral Knowledgep. 17
Knowledge of Other Mindsp. 18
Memoryp. 18
Inductionp. 19
Theories of Knowledgep. 22
Doxastic Theoriesp. 22
Foundations Theoriesp. 23
Coherence Theoriesp. 23
Nondoxastic Theoriesp. 24
Internalismp. 24
Externalismp. 26
Plan of the Bookp. 27
Foundations Theories
Motivationp. 29
Basic Beliefsp. 30
Epistemic Ascentp. 35
Defeasible Reasonsp. 36
Justified Belief and Undefeated Argumentsp. 37
The Problem of Perceptionp. 38
Phenomenalismp. 38
Using Inductionp. 40
Inference to the Best Explanationp. 41
Scientific Realismp. 42
Defeasible Reasonsp. 44
Reasoning and Memoryp. 45
Occurrent Thoughtsp. 45
Memory as a Source of Knowledgep. 46
Genetic Arguments and Dynamic Argumentsp. 49
Primed Searchp. 53
Reconsideration of Epistemologically Basic Beliefsp. 55
Incorrigible Appearance Beliefsp. 56
Problems with Incorrigible Appearance Beliefsp. 58
Prima Facie Justified Beliefsp. 59
Problems with Prima Facie Justified Beliefsp. 60
Problems with Foundationalismp. 61
Coherence Theories
Motivationp. 66
A Taxonomy of Coherence Theoriesp. 70
Positive and Negative Coherence Theoriesp. 70
Linear and Holistic Coherence Theoriesp. 71
The Regress Argumentp. 72
The Isolation Argumentp. 74
Holistic Positive Coherence Theoriesp. 75
Lehrer's Theoryp. 75
Problems for Holistic Positive Coherence Theoriesp. 77
Negative Coherence Theoriesp. 80
Harman's Theoryp. 81
Problems with Negative Coherence Theoriesp. 82
Nondoxastic Theories and Direct Realismp. 84
Motivationp. 89
Varieties of Probabilityp. 92
Subjective Probabilityp. 93
Indefinite Physical Probabilitiesp. 98
Definite Propensitiesp. 100
Probabilismp. 100
The Simple Rule and Bayesian Epistemologyp. 101
Epistemic Probabilitiesp. 103
Subjective Probabilitiesp. 103
Mixed Physical/Epistemic Probabilitiesp. 104
Propensitiesp. 104
General Difficultiesp. 104
Other Forms of Probabilismp. 109
Reliabilismp. 111
Goldman's Theoryp. 112
Problems for Process Reliabilismp. 113
Other Forms of Reliabilismp. 119
Other Versions of Externalismp. 119
Epistemic Norms
Recapitulationp. 122
Epistemic Normsp. 123
How Do Epistemic Norms Regulate?p. 124
Epistemic Normativityp. 124
The Intellectualist Modelp. 125
Do Epistemic Norms Regulate?p. 125
Procedural Knowledgep. 127
The Competence/Performance Distinctionp. 128
Normative Languagep. 129
Epistemic Norms Are Procedural Normsp. 129
The Refutation of Externalismp. 130
Belief Externalismp. 132
Reconsidering the Doxastic Assumptionp. 136
Norm Externalismp. 137
Epistemological Relativism and the Individuation of Conceptsp. 142
Theories of Individuationp. 142
Truth Conditionsp. 143
The Logical Theory of Conceptsp. 144
Rational Rolesp. 147
Conclusionsp. 150
Epistemology and Rationality
Epistemological Theoriesp. 152
Human Rationalityp. 154
Epistemological Methodologyp. 158
Naturalized Epistemologyp. 162
Ontological Naturalismp. 162
Methodological Naturalismp. 163
Naturalism and Psychologyp. 170
Naturalistic Internalismp. 171
Generic Rationalityp. 173
Truth and the Evaluation of Cognitive Architecturesp. 175
How to Build a Personp. 176
Oscar Ip. 179
Oscar IIp. 179
Oscar IIIp. 181
Mental Representationsp. 185
Conclusionsp. 190
Direct Realism
Introductionp. 191
Defending Direct Realismp. 191
Levels of Epistemological Theorizingp. 192
Filling out Direct Realismp. 193
Reasoningp. 194
Reasonsp. 194
Defeatersp. 196
Justified Beliefsp. 197
Perceptionp. 201
Implementationp. 203
Temporal Projectionp. 207
Implementing Temporal Projectionp. 211
Reasoning about Changep. 219
The Statistical Syllogismp. 229
Inductionp. 234
Recapitulationp. 238
Bibliographyp. 240
Indexp. 257
About the Authorsp. 263
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780847689378
ISBN-10: 0847689379
Series: Studies in Epistemology and Cognitive Theory
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 28th January 1999
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 15.44  x 1.65
Weight (kg): 0.45
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised