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Contaminated Forests : Recent Developments in Risk Identification and Future Perspectives - Igor Linkov

Contaminated Forests

Recent Developments in Risk Identification and Future Perspectives

By: Igor Linkov (Editor), William R. Schell (Editor)

Paperback Published: 30th April 1999
ISBN: 9780792357391
Number Of Pages: 448

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Concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere have increased dramatically over the last century and many of these changes are attributable to anthropogenic activities. The influence of acid rain has been well studied, but there has been no extensive exploration of other pollutants, such as toxic chemicals, heavy metals and radionuclides. Natural ecosystems, especially forests, tend to accumulate many of these pollutants which subsequently can affect ecosystem health. These contaminants may be very damaging to the environment in Eastern Europe, where the rapid disappearance of forest is the result not only of contamination but also of poor forest management practices. The current book is designed to reduce the uncertainty in our current knowledge of forest radioecology. The three topics it embraces are (a) Modelling, (b) Measurements and Data, and (c) Countermeasures and Risk Assessment.

Priorities in Forest Radioecology: Model Developments for Integrated Assessment of Toxic Element Transportp. 1
Dynamics of Radionuclides in Semi-Natural Environmentsp. 17
Dynamics of Radionuclide Redistribution and Pathways in Forest Environments: Long-Term Field Research in Different Landscapesp. 23
Use of Stable Elements for Predicting Radionuclide Transportp. 41
Radiocapacity of Forest Ecosystemsp. 51
Woody Biomass Production and Radiocaesium Accumulation Rate in Pine (Pinus Sylvestris L.) from a Contaminated Forest in the Vetka Areap. 63
The Direction and Intensity of [superscript 137]Cs Fluxes in Forest Ecosystemsp. 71
Peculiarities of [superscript 137]Cs Vertical Migration in Pine Ecosystem with Stem Flow, Throughfall, Litterfall, and Infiltrationp. 77
Preparation of Soil Thin Sections for Contaminant Distribution Studiesp. 85
Time-dependency of the Bioavailability of Radiocaesium in Lakes and Forestsp. 95
Experimental Study and Prediction of Dissolved Radionuclide Wash-Off by Surface Runoff from Non-Agricultural Watershedsp. 103
Behaviour of 137cs in Sloping Semi-Natural Ecosystems in Greecep. 113
Study of Biodiversity in Natural Ecosystems of South Turkeyp. 121
Airborne Heavy Metals Over Europe: Emissions, Long-Range Transport and Deposition Fluxes to Natural Ecosystemsp. 123
Perspectives in Forest Radioecology (Report of the working group on measurement and data)p. 133
Reducing Uncertainty in the Radionuclide Transport Modeling for the Chernobyl Forests Using Bayesian Updatingp. 143
Review of Forest Models Developed after the Chernobyl NPP Accidentp. 151
The Rife Models of Radionuclide Fluxes in European Forestsp. 161
Conceptual Overview of Forestland - A Model to Interpret and Predict Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Radioactively Contaminated Forest Landscapesp. 173
Model Forestlife and Prediction of Radioactive Contamination of Forests in Belarusp. 185
Model for Predicting the Long-Term Radiocesium Contamination of Mushroomsp. 195
A Model for the Transfer and Recycling of [superscript 137]Cs within a Deciduous Forest Ecosystemp. 203
Modelling Radiocaesium Bioavailability in Forest Soilsp. 217
Modeling Intermittent Processes in Radionuclide Migration in Soil Systemsp. 231
Modelling of [superscript 137]Cs Behaviour in Forest Game Food Chainsp. 239
Mapping of Radioactively Contaminated Territories with Geostatistics and Artificial Neural Networksp. 249
Modeling of Radionuclides and Trace Elements in Forest Ecosystems (Report of the Working Group)p. 257
European Community Research Activities on Forest Ecosystems within the 4th Framework of the Nuclear Fission Safety Programmep. 265
Countermeasures for Radioactively Contaminated Forests in the Russian Federationp. 271
Forestry Management in Conditions of Radioactive Contamination: Experience and Problemsp. 281
Biomass-into-Energy Options for Contaminated Forest in Belarus and Relevant Risk Issuesp. 289
Contaminated Tree Biomass in Energy Production - Potential Need for Radiation Protectionp. 303
Fire and Radioactivity in Contaminated Forestsp. 311
Contribution of Forest Ecosystem to Dose Formation for Inhabitants of the Ukrainian Polesyep. 325
Gamma Ray Exposure Due to Sources in the Contaminated Forestp. 333
The Role of the Forest Products in the Formation of Internal Exposure Dose to the Population of Russia after the Chernobyl Accidentp. 343
Model FORESTDOSE and Evaluation of Exposure Doses of Population from Forest Food Productsp. 353
Reducing the Consumption of [superscript 137]Cs via Forest Fungi - Provision of 'self-help' advicep. 359
Radioactively Contaminated Forests: GIS Application for the Remedial Policy Development and Environmental Risk Assessmentp. 369
Evaluation of Short Rotation Coppice as Remediation Option for Contaminated Farmlandp. 377
Risk Assessment Model and Radiation Reserves as a Perspective of Contaminated Forests Managementp. 385
Countermeasures and Risks Associated with Contaminated Forests: (Report of the Working Group)p. 395
Conclusionp. 403
Contaminated Forests: Risk in Perspectivep. 405
Pilot Elicitation of Expert Judgments on Model Parameters and Research Needs in Forest Radioecologyp. 409
List of Participantsp. 419
Author Indexp. 425
Subject Indexp. 429
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792357391
ISBN-10: 0792357396
Series: NATO Science Series. 2. Environmental Security
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 448
Published: 30th April 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.31
Weight (kg): 0.62