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Consumer-Resource Dynamics (MPB-36) : Monographs in Population Biology - William W. Murdoch

Consumer-Resource Dynamics (MPB-36)

Monographs in Population Biology

Paperback

Published: 26th May 2003
For Ages: 22+ years old
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Despite often violent fluctuations in nature, species extinction is rare. California red scale, a potentially devastating pest of citrus, has been suppressed for fifty years in California to extremely low yet stable densities by its controlling parasitoid. Some larch budmoth populations undergo extreme cycles; others never cycle. In Consumer-Resource Dynamics, William Murdoch, Cherie Briggs, and Roger Nisbet use these and numerous other biological examples to lay the groundwork for a unifying theory applicable to predator-prey, parasitoid-host, and other consumer-resource interactions. Throughout, the focus is on how the properties of real organisms affect population dynamics.

The core of the book synthesizes and extends the authors' own models involving insect parasitoids and their hosts, and explores in depth how consumer species compete for a dynamic resource. The emerging general consumer-resource theory accounts for how consumers respond to differences among individuals in the resource population. From here the authors move to other models of consumer-resource dynamics and population dynamics in general. Consideration of empirical examples, key concepts, and a necessary review of simple models is followed by examination of spatial processes affecting dynamics, and of implications for biological control of pest organisms. The book establishes the coherence and broad applicability of consumer-resource theory and connects it to single-species dynamics. It closes by stressing the theory's value as a hierarchy of models that allows both generality and testability in the field.

"The authors ... have succeeded in presenting some complex mathematics within a matrix of verbal clarity, which is rare among such books."--Bulletin of the British Ecological Society "Consumer Resource Dynamics needs to be on any ecological theorist's bookshelf... A careful, detailed analysis, and a well-written book."--Patrick Foley, Ecology

Preface
Introductionp. 1
Why Consumer-Resource Interactions?p. 1
On Theory and Modelsp. 2
Themesp. 4
Population Dynamics: Observations and Basic Conceptsp. 6
Types of Population Dynamics: Phenomena to Be Explainedp. 6
Some Essential Conceptsp. 15
Appendixp. 26
Simple Models in Continuous Timep. 30
The Lotka-Volterra Modelp. 31
Local Stability Analysisp. 36
Effects of Stabilizing and Destabilizing Processes: A Surveyp. 42
Combining Stabilizing and Destabilizing Processes: From Neutral Stability to Limit Cyclesp. 53
Simple Models of Stage and Spatial Structure: The Creation of Indirect Density Dependencep. 60
Basic and Potential General Properties of Predator-Prey Systemsp. 69
Appendixp. 72
Simple Models in Discrete Timep. 83
Single-Species Models in Discrete Timep. 84
Discrete-Generation Parasitoid-Host Modelsp. 93
Hybrid Discrete-Time/Continuous-Time Modelsp. 106
Appendixp. 111
An Introduction to Models with Stage Structurep. 119
Preamble: Single-Species Populations with Stage Structurep. 121
The Basic Stage-Structured Host-Parasitoid Modelp. 134
Ecological Processes Inducing Instabilityp. 147
Ecological Processes Inducing Stabilityp. 149
Single-Generation Cycles in Parasitoid-Host Modelsp. 160
Appendixp. 170
Dynamical Effects of Parasitoid Lifestylesp. 179
Parasitoid Lifestylesp. 180
Four Mechanisms Inducing Greater Gain from Older Hostsp. 186
A Unifying Framework and Extensionsp. 199
A More General Model: The Generic Gain Modelp. 205
The Nature and Origins of Delayed-Feedback Cycles and Single-Generation Cycles: Insights from a Simplified Modelp. 207
Concluding Remarksp. 216
State-Dependent Decisionsp. 219
Effects of Egg Load on Parasitoid Decisionsp. 220
Effects of Limits to Egg Productionp. 236
A General Dynamical Theory of Parasitoid Behaviorp. 242
Competition between Consumer Speciesp. 245
Lotka-Volterra Competition Model: Competition for an Implicit Resourcep. 247
Exploitative Competition for an Explicit Resourcep. 255
Competition in Discrete Timep. 274
Effects of Age Structure on Competitionp. 281
Non-Equilibrial Mechanisms of Coexistencep. 301
Effects of Spatial Structure on Competitionp. 310
Concluding Remarksp. 317
Implications for Biological Controlp. 318
A Comparative Approach to Evaluating Natural Enemiesp. 321
Spatial Processes and Controlp. 336
Need for Experimental Testsp. 340
Dynamical Effects of Spatial Processesp. 341
Spatial Processes among Subpopulationsp. 341
Spatial Processes within Populations: Aggregated Attacks and Other Sources of Variation in Risk among Individualsp. 366
Connection between Processes within Populations and among Subpopulationsp. 392
Synthesis and Integration across Systemsp. 394
Shared Theory for Different Kinds of Consumer-Resource Interactionsp. 394
Connection between Consumer-Resource Dynamics and Single-Species Dynamics in Theory and Naturep. 399
Cycles in Real Systems: Single-Species Models for Many-Species Systemsp. 410
General Conclusions/Considerationsp. 414
Concluding Remarksp. 416
Literature Citedp. 425
Indexp. 451
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691006574
ISBN-10: 0691006571
Series: Monographs in Population Biology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 26th May 2003
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.85
Weight (kg): 0.6