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Constructive Empiricism : Epistemology and the Philosophy of Science - P. Dicken

Constructive Empiricism

Epistemology and the Philosophy of Science

By: P. Dicken

Hardcover

Published: 16th July 2010
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Constructive empiricism is not just a view regarding the aim of science; it is also a view regarding the epistemological framework in which one should debate the aim of science. This is the focus of this book - not with scientific truth, but with how one should argue about scientific truth.

Acknowledgementsp. ix
Arguments Concerning Constructive Empiricismp. 1
The aim of sciencep. 1
The constructive empiricist and his criticsp. 6
A taxonomy of objectionsp. 6
Observation and detectionp. 9
Extra terrestrials and extra-terrestrialsp. 14
The new epistemologyp. 20
The English and Prussian models of rationalityp. 20
Relativism, scepticism and voluntarismp. 23
Summaryp. 27
Epistemic Voluntarism: Rationality, Inference and Empiricismp. 30
Motivating voluntarismp. 30
Diachronic coherence and the principle of reflectionp. 34
The diachronic Dutch-bookp. 34
From Dutch-books to cognitive calibrationp. 37
Greek sailors, drunk drivers and other epistemic villainsp. 41
Judgements about commitmentsp. 46
Traditional epistemology: False hopes and bad lotsp. 49
The justification of inductionp. 49
Reliabilism and scepticismp. 53
The 'best of a bad lot'p. 58
Background theories and the ranking of hypothesesp. 65
Probabilistic and non-probabilistic inferencesp. 67
Taking a stancep. 72
The empiricist dilemmap. 72
Rationality and relativismp. 78
Summaryp. 84
Against Epistemic Voluntarism: Musgrave, Modality and Mathematicsp. 87
The problem(s) of internal coherencep. 87
Musgrave's objection revisitedp. 90
The unobservability of unobservablesp. 90
On the syntax and semantics of observabilityp. 93
A question of scopep. 96
Ladyman's dilemma: Counterfactuals, contexts and conventionsp. 98
The problem of modalityp. 98
From modal realism to structural realismp. 100
Deflationism and voluntarism about modalityp. 105
Constructive empiricism and mathematical nominalismp. 112
Abstract mathematical objectsp. 112
Constructive empiricism and mathematical fictionalismp. 117
Primitive consistency and expressive completenessp. 124
The vices of voluntarismp. 131
Summaryp. 133
Appendix-An expanded modal languagep. 136
On the Nature and Norms of Acceptance and Beliefp. 144
Another perspective on scientific attitudesp. 144
Deciding to accept, deciding to believep. 148
A lot of fuss about functionalismp. 148
The individuation of intentional statesp. 157
Contradiction and sciencep. 167
Empiricism and agnosticismp. 179
The acceptance solutionp. 179
Committed modal agnosticismp. 185
Acceptance and anti-realism in the philosophy of modalityp. 193
A short note on mathematical nominalismp. 208
Summaryp. 210
Conclusion: What Is This Thing Called 'Constructive Empiricism'?p. 212
Notesp. 216
Referencesp. 225
Indexp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780230247536
ISBN-10: 0230247539
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 237
Published: 16th July 2010
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.39
Edition Number: 1