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Constraints on Language : Aging, Grammar, and Memory - Susan Kemper

Constraints on Language

Aging, Grammar, and Memory

By: Susan Kemper (Editor), Reinhold Kliegl (Editor)

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Published: 31st May 1999
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Susan Kemper A debate about the role of working memory in language processing has become center-most in psycholinguistics (Caplan & Waters, in press; Just & Carpenter, 1992; Just, Carpenter, & Keller, 1996; Waters & Caplan, 1996). This debate concerns which aspects of language processing are vulnerable to working memory limitations, how working memory is best measured, and whether compensatory processes can offset working memory limitations. Age-comparative studies are particularly relevant to this debate for several reasons: difficulties with language and communication are frequently mentioned by older adults and signal the onset of Alzheimer's dementia and other pathologies associated with age; older adults commonly experience working memory limitations that affect their ability to perform everyday activities; the rapid aging of the United States population has forced psychologists and gerontologists to examine the effects of aging on cognition, drawing many investigators to the study of cognitive aging. Older adults constitute ideal population for studying how working memory limitations affect cognitive performance, particularly language and communication. Age-comparative studies of cognitive processes have advanced our understanding of the temporal dynamics of cognition as well as the working memory demands of many types of tasks (Kliegl, Mayr, & Krampe, 1994; Mayr & Kliegl, 1993). The research findings reviewed in this volume have clear implications - for addressing the practical problems of older adults as consumers of leisure ti- reading, radio and television broadcasts, as targets of medical, legal, and financial documents, and as participants in a web of service agencies and volunteer activities.

List of Contributors
Preface
Constraints on Language: Agingp. 1
Language Production and Agingp. 3
Working Memory and Spoken Language Comprehension: The Case for Age Stability in Conceptual Short-Term Memoryp. 29
Discourse Processing and Aging: Resource Allocation As a Limiting Factorp. 53
Constraints on Language: Memoryp. 77
Limitations on Syntactic Processingp. 79
Verbal Working Memory Capacity and On-Line Sentence Processing Efficiency in the Elderlyp. 107
Testing Age Invariance in Language Processesp. 137
Constraints on Language: Grammarp. 169
Processing Difficulty and Principles of Grammarp. 171
Parsing and Memoryp. 203
Constraints on Language: Neurosciencep. 225
Working with Limited Memory: Sentence Comprehension in Alzheimer's Diseasep. 227
Memory or Aging? That's the Question: An Electrophysiological Perspective on languagep. 249
Age Effects on the Functional Neuroanatomy of Syntactic Processing in Sentence Comprehensionp. 283
Concluding Observationsp. 299
Indexp. 309
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792385264
ISBN-10: 0792385268
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 324
Published: 31st May 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 17.15  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.77