Each year many of the millions of people who visit the United States Capitol are surprised and delighted to discover that the building is not only the home of the Congress but also a museum and gallery of fine art. Among the most remarkable works in the Capitol are the paintings of Constantino Brumidi, who devoted much of the last twenty-five years of his life to decorating the building. Indeed, his contributions to the Capitol are unsurpassed by those of any other artist. This is the first scholarly, in-depth publication on Brumidi. The book is an outgrowth of the mural conservation program. Much of the beauty of Brumidi's work was hidden under grime and overpaint, and some murals were threatened by cracking plaster.