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Conservation : Linking Ecology, Economics, and Culture - Monique Borgerhoff Mulder


Linking Ecology, Economics, and Culture

Paperback Published: 19th December 2004
ISBN: 9780691049809
Number Of Pages: 368

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Nearly 90 percent of the earth's land surface is directly affected by human infrastructure and activities, yet less than 5 percent is legally "protected" for biodiversity conservation--and even most large protected areas have people living inside their boundaries. In all but a small fraction of the earth's land area, then, conservation and people must coexist. "Conservation" is a resource for all those who aim to reconcile biodiversity with human livelihoods. It traces the historical roots of modern conservation thought and practice, and explores current perspectives from evolutionary and community ecology, conservation biology, anthropology, political ecology, economics, and policy. The authors examine a suite of conservation strategies and perspectives from around the world, highlighting the most innovative and promising avenues for future efforts.

Exploring, highlighting, and bridging gaps between the social and natural sciences as applied in the practice of conservation, this book provides a broad, practically oriented view. It is essential reading for anyone involved in the conservation process--from academic conservation biology to the management of protected areas, rural livelihood development to poverty alleviation, and from community-based natural resource management to national and global policymaking.

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Winner of the 2008 Gerald L. Young Book Award in Human Ecology

Prefacep. xiii
Commonly Used Abbreviationsp. xix
The Many Roads to Conservation
Introductionp. 1
Principal Threats to Biodiversityp. 2
p. 3
The Links between Health and Conservationp. 9
Much More Than Stocks of Woodp. 10
p. 11
Ecophilosophiesp. 12
p. 15
Man versus Nature: From Hunters to Penitent Butchersp. 17
Then Resource Managementp. 16
Leading to Game Management, Multiple Use, and Broader Conservation Goalsp. 20
Early Environmentalists in the Coloniesp. 23
Conclusionp. 22
The Evolution of Policyp. 27
Introductionp. 27
Global Conservation and Protected Areasp. 28
Ancient Royal Forestsp. 29
The Limits and Legacies of Protectionismp. 31
Reserves: Their Comings and Goings in Peninsular Malaysiap. 35
Coercive Conservation: Tigers, Lions, Carrots, and Sticksp. 38
Conservation "with a Human Face"p. 37
The Evolution of Biosphere Reservesp. 40
Sustainability--Mere Hopes about the Futurep. 42
The Ivory Wars: Debates over Utilizationp. 43
The Rise of Community-Based Conservationp. 44
Integrated Conservation and Development in Action: Annapurnap. 48
Imperiled Parksp. 49
Conclusionp. 50
The Natural Science behind it Allp. 53
Introductionp. 53
From Natural History Comes Ecology and its Golden Agep. 54
Stability and Equilibriump. 57
Maximum Sustainable Yieldp. 59
Things Get Messy: Disturbance and Disequilibriump. 60
Stability, Pastoralism, and Opportunismp. 63
Adaptive Managementp. 64
Ecological Sustainability: Still a Slippery Termp. 66
A Brave New Science: Conservation Biologyp. 67
The Fire-Brigade Discipline Comes of Agep. 70
Conservation Planningp. 75
Prioritizing Conservation Effortsp. 76
Conclusionp. 79
Indigenous Peoples as Conservationistsp. 81
Introductionp. 81
Cultural and Biological Diversityp. 81
Cultural and Biological Diversity in Central and Southern Americap. 83
Guardians of Biodiversityp. 82
Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Adaptive Managementp. 86
Sacred Grovesp. 88
Ecological Impacts of Traditional Ways of Lifep. 89
Rapa Nui (Easter Island) Extinctionsp. 90
The Long Shadow of an Ecologically Noble Savagep. 96
Transitions in Ecological Noble Savage Thinkingp. 98
The KayapoA' Controversyp. 100
Revisiting Cultural and Biological Diversityp. 101
Conclusionp. 103
Conservation and Self-Interestp. 104
Introductionp. 104
An Evolutionary Viewpointp. 105
Design of a Conservation Actp. 107
Prudent Predators?p. 108
An Intention to Conservep. 110
Family Hunting Territories in Subarctic Canadap. 112
Ecological Outcomesp. 111
Humans as Top Predatorsp. 115
Conservation--Where, When, and Why?p. 114
Selling the Forest for Instant Returnsp. 117
Expanding the Toolkitp. 118
Studying Hunting with Hunters in Paraguay's Mbaracayu' Reservep. 121
Policy Implicationsp. 120
Evolutionary Aesthetics and the "Savanna Hypothesis"p. 126
Conclusionp. 125
Rational Fools and the Commonsp. 129
Introductionp. 129
The Rational Fool Fumbles the Common Goodp. 130
Freedom in the Commons Brings Ruin to Allp. 132
Commons Classicsp. 133
Changes in the Management of the Kenya Orma Commonsp. 137
The Cooperation Gamep. 136
Experimental Games in Economicsp. 139
Asymmetries among Herders: The Barabaig Casep. 142
Culture, Norms, and Cooperationp. 143
Coordinating the Subaks of Balip. 145
The Study of Common-Property
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691049809
ISBN-10: 0691049807
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 368
Published: 19th December 2004
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.64