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Conjectures and Refutations : The Growth of Scientific Knowledge :  The Growth of Scientific Knowledge - Sir Karl Popper

Conjectures and Refutations : The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

Paperback Published: September 2002
ISBN: 9780415285940
Number Of Pages: 608

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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

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'Popper holds that truth is not manifest, but extremely elusive, he believes that men need above all things, open-mindedness, imagination, and a constant willingness to be corrected.' -- Maurice Cranston, Listener

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xiv
Preface to the Second Editionp. xv
Preface to the Third Editionp. xvii
Introduction: On the Sources of Knowledge and of Ignorancep. 3
Science: Conjectures and Refutationsp. 43
Some Problems in the Philosophy of Sciencep. 78
The Nature of Philosophical Problems and their Roots in Sciencep. 87
Three Views Concerning Human Knowledgep. 130
The Science of Galileo and Its Most Recent Betrayalp. 130
The Issue at Stakep. 134
The First View: Ultimate Explanation by Essencesp. 139
The Second View: Theories as Instrumentsp. 144
Criticism of the Instrumentalist Viewp. 149
The Third View: Conjectures, Truth, and Realityp. 153
Towards a Rational Theory of Traditionp. 161
Back to the Presocraticsp. 183
Historical Conjectures and Heraclitus on Changep. 206
A Note on Berkeley as Precursor of Mach and Einsteinp. 224
Kant's Critique and Cosmologyp. 237
Kant and the Enlightenmentp. 238
Kant's Newtonian Cosmologyp. 240
The Critique and the Cosmological Problemp. 241
Space and Timep. 242
Kant's Copernican Revolutionp. 244
The Doctrine of Autonomyp. 246
On the Status of Science and of Metaphysicsp. 249
Kant and the Logic of Experiencep. 249
The Problem of the Irrefutability of Philosophical Theoriesp. 261
Why are the Calculi of Logic and Arithmetic Applicable to Reality?p. 272
Truth, Rationality, and the Growth of Scientific Knowledgep. 291
The Growth of Knowledge: Theories and Problemsp. 291
The Theory of Objective Truth: Correspondence to the Factsp. 302
Truth and Content: Verisimilitude versus Probabilityp. 309
Background Knowledge and Scientific Growthp. 322
Three Requirements for the Growth of Knowledgep. 326
A Presumably False yet Formally Highly Probable Non-Empirical Statementp. 336
The Demarcation Between Science and Metaphysicsp. 341
Introductionp. 342
My Own View of the Problemp. 344
Carnap's First Theory of Meaninglessnessp. 349
Carnap and the Language of Sciencep. 356
Testability and Meaningp. 368
Probability and Inductionp. 377
Language and the Body-Mind Problemp. 395
Introductionp. 395
Four Major Functions of Languagep. 397
A Group of Thesesp. 398
The Machine Argumentp. 399
The Causal Theory of Namingp. 401
Interactionp. 402
Conclusionp. 402
A Note on the Body-Mind Problemp. 403
Self-Reference and Meaning in Ordinary Languagep. 409
What is Dialectic?p. 419
Dialectic Explainedp. 419
Hegelian Dialecticp. 435
Dialectic After Hegelp. 445
Prediction and Prophecy in the Social Sciencesp. 452
Public Opinion and Liberal Principlesp. 467
The Myth of Public Opinionp. 467
The Dangers of Public Opinionp. 470
Liberal Principles: A Group of Thesesp. 471
The Liberal Theory of Free Discussionp. 473
The Forms of Public Opinionp. 475
Some Practical Problems: Censorship and Monopolies of Publicityp. 475
A Short List of Political Illustrationsp. 476
Summaryp. 476
Utopia and Violencep. 477
The History of Our Time: An Optimist's Viewp. 489
Humanism and Reasonp. 506
Addenda: Some Technical Notesp. 517
Empirical Contentp. 517
Probability and the Severity of Testsp. 522
Verisimilitudep. 527
Numerical Examplesp. 535
Artificial vs. Formalized Languagesp. 537
A Historical Note on Verisimilitude (1964)p. 538
Some Further Hints on Verisimilitude (1968)p. 541
Further Remarks on the Presocratics, especially on Parmenides (1968)p. 545
The Presocratics: Unity or Novelty? (1968)p. 556
An Argument, due to Mark Twain, against Naive Empiricism (1989)p. 557
Index of Mottoesp. 558
Index of Namesp. 559
Index of Subjectsp. 567
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415285940
ISBN-10: 0415285941
Series: Routledge Classics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 608
Published: September 2002
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 19.7 x 13.3  x 4.45
Weight (kg): 0.59
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition

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