The purpose of this book is to argue for the claim that Hungarian sentence structure consists of a non-configurational propositional component, preceded by configurationally determined operator positions. In the course of this, various descriptive issues of Hungarian syntax will be analyzed, and various theoretical questions concerning the existence and nature of non- configurational languages will be addressed. The descriptive problems to be examined in Chapters 2 and 3 center around the word order of Hungarian sentences. Chapter 2 identifies an invariant structure in the apparently freely permutable Hungarian sentence, pointing out systematic correspondences between the structural position, interpre- tation, and stressing and intonation of the different constituents. Chapter 3 analyzes the word order phenomenon traditionally called 'sentence inter- I twining' of complex sentences, and shows that the term, in fact, covers two different constructions (a structure resulting from operator movement, and a base generated pattern) with differences in constituent order, operator scope and V-object agreement.
Chapter 4 deals interpretation, case assignment, with the coreference possibilities of reflexives, reciprocals, personal pro- nouns, and lexical NPs. Finally, Chapter 5 assigns structures to the two major sentence types containing an infinitive. It analyzes infinitives with an AGR marker and a lexical subject, focusing on the problem of case assignment to the subject, as well as subject control constructions, accounting for their often paradoxical, simultaneously mono- and biclausal behaviour in respect to word order, operator scope, and V-object agreement.
0. Introduction.- 1 Previous Analyses of Hungarian Phrase Structure.- 1.1. The 'Free Word Order', or Fully Non-configurational Approach.- 1.2. The 'NP VP', or Fully Configurational Approach.- 1.3. The Partially Non-configurational Approach.- 2 Hungarian Phrase Structure.- 2.1. The Invariant Positions of the Hungarian Sentence.- 2.2. Base Rules.- 2.3. Movement into F.- 2.3.1. Focusing.- 2.3.2. Questions.- 2.3.3. The Nominal/Adverbial Part of Complex Predicates in F.- 2.3.4. Aspect-marking.- 2.4. Movement into T.- 2.4.1. Topicalization.- 2.4.2. 'Contrastive Topic'.- 2.5. Quantifier-Raising.- 2.5.1. The Problem.- 2.5.2. The Operation of Quantifier-Raising.- 2.5.3. Scope Relations.- 2.5.4. Quantifiers in the NP.- 2.5.5. A Stylistic Rule.- 2.5.6. Quantifiers in Left Dislocation.- 2.6. Summary, Implications for Universal Grammar.- 3 Long Wh-movement, or the Traditional Problem of Sentence Intertwining.- 3.1. Long Wh-movement as a Test for Structural Configuration.- 3.2. Sentence Intertwining in Hungarian.- 3.2.1. The Problem.- 3.2.2. The 'Tight' Version of Sentence Intertwining.- 3.2.3. The 'Lax' Version of Sentence Intertwining.- 3.2.4. Intertwining in the Different Types of Complex Sentences.- 3.2.5. Summary.- 3.3. Subject-Object Symmetry in Hungarian Long Operator Movement.- 3.4. Conclusion.- 4 Questions of Binding and Coreference.- 4.1. Binding in Hungarian.- 4.1.1. The Primacy Condition of Binding.- 4.1.2. The Locality of Binding.- 4.2. The Coreference of Pronouns.- 4.3. Weak Crossover.- 4.4. Conclusion.- 5 Infinitival Constructions.- 5.1. Infinitives with an AGR Marker.- 5.2. Subject Control Constructions.- 5.2.1. Monoclausal Properties.- 5.2.2. Biclausal Properties.- 5.2.3. The Structure of Subject Control Constructions.- 5.3. The Problem of Governed PRO.- 6 Conclusion.- References.- Index of Names.- General Index.
Series: Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory
Number Of Pages: 261
Published: 30th June 1987
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.39
Edition Type: New edition