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Conceptual Foundations of Modern Particle Physics : Conceptual Evolution of the New Discipline of Particle Physics During the Past Fifty Years :  Conceptual Evolution of the New Discipline of Particle Physics During the Past Fifty Years - Janet Sander

Conceptual Foundations of Modern Particle Physics : Conceptual Evolution of the New Discipline of Particle Physics During the Past Fifty Years

Conceptual Evolution of the New Discipline of Particle Physics During the Past Fifty Years

Hardcover Published: 1993
ISBN: 9789810210984
Number Of Pages: 704

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For scientific, technological and organizational reasons, the end of World War II (in 1945) saw a rapid accceleration in the tempo of discovery and understanding in nuclear physics, cosmic rays and quantum field theory, which together triggered the birth of modern particle physics. The first 15 years (1945-60) following the war's end - the "Startup Period" in modern particle physics - witnessed a series of major experimental and theoretical developments that began to define the conceptual contours (non-Abelian internal symmetries, Yang-Mills fields, renormalization group, chirality invariance, baryon-lepton symmetry in weak interactions, spontaneous symmetry breaking) of the quantum field theory of three of the basic interactions in nature (electromagnetic, strong and weak). But it took another 15 years (1960-75) - the "Heroic Period" in modern particle physics - to unravel the physical content and complete the mathematical formulation of the standard gauge theory of the strong and electroweak interactions among the three generations of quarks and leptons. The impressive accomplishments during the "Heroic Period" were followed by what is called the "period of consolidation and speculation (1975-1990)", which includes the experimental consolidation of the standard model (SM) through precision tests, theoretical consolidation of SM through the search for more rigorous mathematical solutions to the Yang-Mills-Higgs equations, and speculative theoretical excursions "beyond SM". Within this historical-conceptual framework, the author - himself a practicing particle theorist for the past 50 years - attempts to trace the highlights in the conceputal evolution of modern particle physics from its early beginnings until the present time. Apart from the first chapter - which sketches a broad overview of the entire field - the remaining nine chapters of the book offer detailed discussions of the major concepts and principles that prevailed and were given wide currency during each of the 15-year periods that comprise the history of modern particle physics.

List of Figures
List of Tables
Foreword
Preface
Genesis of Modern Particle Physicsp. 1
Historical introduction (prior to 1945)p. 1
Startup period (1945-60): early contributions to the basic concepts of modern particle physicsp. 5
Heroic period (1960-75): formulation of the standard model of strong and electroweak interactionsp. 30
Period of consolidation and speculation (1975-90): precision tests of the standard model and theories beyond the standard modelp. 58
Space-Time Symmetries in Quantum Field Theoryp. 91
Continuous space-time symmetriesp. 91
Discrete symmetriesp. 109
Special topics in space-time symmetriesp. 129
Global Internal Symmetries and Their Spontaneous Breakdownp. 146
Global Abelian internal symmetriesp. 146
Global non-Abelian internal symmetry groupsp. 153
Global chiral quark flavor symmetry group and current algebrap. 170
Spontaneous breaking of global internal symmetries and the Goldstone theoremp. 175
Some applications of current algebra to particle physicsp. 181
Gauge Symmetry Groups and Their Spontaneous Breakdownp. 199
From global symmetries to dynamics in quantum field theoryp. 199
Abelian gauge theory of electromagnetism (QED)p. 205
Non-Abelian gauge groupsp. 214
Spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) of gauge groupsp. 218
Regularization and renormalizability of gauge theoriesp. 231
Dirac's magnetic monopole and electric charge quantizationp. 255
Gauge Theory of the Strong Interaction (QCD)p. 265
Massless quark limit in gauged SU(3) colorp. 265
Asymptotic freedom in the unbroken SU(3) color group (QCD)p. 271
Color confinement in QCDp. 309
Special topics in QCDp. 317
Gauge Theory of the Electroweak Interaction (QFD)p. 334
Universal (V-A) charged current theory of weak interactionsp. 334
Gauge theory of the electroweak interaction (QFD)p. 339
Highlights of electroweak phenomenologyp. 349
Special topics in QFDp. 386
Chiral Gauge Anomalies in the Standard Modelp. 413
Chiral anomalies in four-dimensional quantum field theoryp. 413
Perturbative triangular axial and chiral gauge anomalies in quantum field theoryp. 417
Non-perturbative global SU(2) chiral gauge anomaly and self-consistency of the standard modelp. 438
Perturbative mixed gauge-gravitational anomaly and its cancellation in the standard modelp. 443
Anomaly-free constraints on Weyl representations of the standard groupp. 446
Higgs breaking of the electroweak group and electric charge quantization (ECQ)p. 450
Four-dimensional chiral gauge anomaly constraints beyond the standard modelp. 452
Unification of Strong and Electroweak Interactionsp. 461
Linkages between QCD and QFDp. 461
Arguments for unification of QCD and QFDp. 466
SU(5) GUT and proton decayp. 472
B - L local symmetry, partial unification and SO(10) GUTp. 480
E[subscript 6] grand unificationp. 501
Fermion Generation Problem and Preon Modelsp. 508
Non-preon approaches to the fermion generation problemp. 508
Similarities and differences between the composite preon and composite quark modelsp. 516
Phenomenological lower limit on the preon metacolor scalep. 524
Paradigmatic preon models of quarks and leptons (based on gauged metacolor and gauged metaflavor)p. 527
"Realistic candidate" preon models of qarks and leptonsp. 540
Topological Conservation Lawsp. 559
"Noether" and topological conservation lawsp. 559
Topological solitons in field theory in D = 2 to D = 4 space-time dimensionsp. 564
Instantons in Euclidean four-spacep. 591
Homotopy groups and the index theoremp. 623
Topological (baryonic) solitons in the Skyrme modelp. 635
Referencesp. 655
Indexp. 659
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789810210984
ISBN-10: 9810210981
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 704
Published: 1993
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd
Country of Publication: SG
Dimensions (cm): 24.41 x 16.99  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 1.31

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