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Concept, Image, and Symbol : The Cognitive Basis of Grammar - Ronald W. Langacker

Concept, Image, and Symbol

The Cognitive Basis of Grammar

Hardcover

Published: 1st January 1990
For Ages: 22+ years old
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This research monograph develops and illustrates an innovative theory of linguistic structure, called "cognitive grammar," and applies it to representative phenomena in English and other languages. Cognitive grammar views language as an integral facet of cognition and claims that grammatical structure cannot be understood or revealingly described independently of semantic onsiderations. It argues that grammar forms a continuum with the lexicon and is reducible to symbolic relationships (i.e. form-meaning pairings), and consequently that all valid grammatical constructs have some kind of conceptual import. The coherence and descriptive potential of cognitive grammar are exemplified by application to a broad variety of grammatical phenomena drawn from numerous languages.

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Linguistic semanticsp. 2
Dimensions of imageryp. 5
Grammar as imagep. 12
Grammatical organizationp. 15
Grammatical classesp. 19
Grammatical constructionsp. 23
Conclusionp. 32
Inside and outside in Corap. 33
Theoretical preliminariesp. 35
Enclosurep. 37
Topographical domainp. 41
Accessibilityp. 45
Scopep. 51
Implicationsp. 55
Nouns and verbsp. 59
Issuesp. 59
Basic conceptsp. 61
Boundingp. 63
Interconnectionp. 66
Count vs. mass nounsp. 69
Relationsp. 74
Processesp. 78
Motivationp. 81
Perfective vs. imperfective processesp. 85
Progressivesp. 91
Abstract nounsp. 97
Conclusionp. 100
The English passivep. 101
Grammar and analyzabilityp. 102
Economyp. 102
Componentsp. 104
The symbolic nature of grammarp. 105
Semantic structurep. 108
Grammatical morphemesp. 110
Overtness of grammatical structurep. 113
Continuum of lexicon, morphology, and syntaxp. 115
Descriptive frameworkp. 116
Linguistic organizationp. 116
Syntagmatic combinationp. 120
The passive constructionp. 127
The perfect participlep. 129
The passive bep. 135
By-phrasesp. 139
Related phenomenap. 143
Abstract motionp. 149
Basic concepts and assumptionsp. 149
The characterization of verbsp. 152
Objective motionp. 155
Subjective motionp. 157
Avenues of semantic extensionp. 160
Grammatical valencep. 165
Canonical instancesp. 167
Noncanonical instancesp. 174
Further departures from the canonp. 179
Scope and morphological layeringp. 183
Active zonesp. 189
The phenomenonp. 189
Analysisp. 193
Grammatical implicationsp. 196
The Yuman auxiliaryp. 203
Transitivity, case, and grammatical relationsp. 209
The conception of actions and eventsp. 209
Unmarked linguistic codingp. 211
Some basic grammatical constructsp. 211
Selectionp. 213
Heads and tailsp. 216
Complexitiesp. 219
Subjective asymmetryp. 222
Subject and objectp. 224
Marked codingp. 226
Lexical optionsp. 226
Voicep. 229
Setting vs. participantsp. 230
Casep. 234
General commentsp. 234
Role archetypesp. 236
Correlation with grammatical relationsp. 239
Ergativelabsolutive systemsp. 241
The structure of eventsp. 243
Ergativityp. 246
Other case phenomenap. 249
Causative constructionsp. 254
Complex eventsp. 254
Causatives derived from intransitivesp. 256
Causatives derived from transitivesp. 258
A usage-based modelp. 261
Two conceptions of generalityp. 261
The network conceptionp. 266
General applicabilityp. 272
Distributionp. 278
Conclusionp. 288
Autonomy and agreementp. 289
The autonomy issuep. 289
The symbolic alternativep. 292
Grammatical markingsp. 301
Agreementp. 307
Conclusionp. 313
Subjectificationp. 315
Perspectivep. 315
Groundingp. 318
The nature of subjectificationp. 324
A spatial examplep. 326
The future sense of 'go'p. 330
Modalsp. 333
Possession and perfect aspectp. 337
Conclusionp. 341
Final remarksp. 343
Notesp. 345
p. 345
p. 346
p. 349
p. 352
p. 358
p. 359
p. 359
p. 360
p. 360
p. 364
p. 365
p. 365
Bibliographyp. 367
Indexp. 383
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783110125993
ISBN-10: 3110125994
Series: 130./131. Winckelmannsprogramm der Archaologischen Gesellsch
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 405
Published: 1st January 1990
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.93 x 16.41  x 2.57
Weight (kg): 0.69
Edition Number: 2