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Computing with Words in Information/Intelligent Systems 2 : Applications - L. A. Zadeh

Computing with Words in Information/Intelligent Systems 2


By: L. A. Zadeh (Editor), J. Kacprzyk (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 16th July 1999
ISBN: 9783790812183
Number Of Pages: 610

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These two volumes consisting of Foundations and Applications provide the current status of theoretical and empirical developments in "computing with words". In philosophy, the twentieth century is said to be the century of language. This is mainly due to Wittgenstein who said: "The meaning of a word is its use in the language game". "The concept game is a concept with blurred edges". In the first phrase, "the language game" implies the everyday human activity with language, and in the latter, "game" simply implies an ordinary word. Thus, Wittgenstein precisely stated that a word is fuzzy in real life. Unfortunately this idea about a word was not accepted in the conventional science. We had to wait for Zadeh's fuzzy sets theory. Remembering Wittgenstein's statement, we should consider, on the one hand, the concept of "computing with words" from a philosophical point of view. It deeply relates to the everyday use of a word in which the meaning of a word is fuzzy in its nature.

What is Computing with Words?
Introductory Sections
Fuzzy Logic = Computing with Wordsp. 3
Performing Approximate Reasoning with Words?p. 24
Approximate Reasoning as a Basis for Computing with Wordsp. 50
What is Intelligent Measurement?p. 78
Computing with Words: Linguistic Aspects
Semiotics and Computational Linguistics. On Semiotic Cognitive Information Processingp. 93
Words about Uncertainty: Analogies and Contextsp. 119
Virtual Meaning: Problems of Interpretation in the Social Sciencesp. 136
Towards Fixing Some 'Fuzzy' Catchwords: A Terminological Primerp. 154
Computing with Words and Information Granularity
Granular Computing: Fuzzy Logic and Rough Setsp. 183
Towards an Adaptive Calculus of Granulesp. 201
Semantics and Modelling of Flexible Time Indicationsp. 229
Computing with Words: Logical Aspects
Towards Fuzzy Logicp. 259
Fuzzy Negationp. 297
Triangular Operations, Negations, and Scalar Cardinality of a Fuzzy Setp. 326
Fuzzy Implications in Approximate Reasoningp. 342
On the Semantics of Fuzzy Linguistic Quantifiersp. 358
Evaluating Linguistic Expressions and Functional Fuzzy Theories in Fuzzy Logicp. 383
Computing with Words: Numerical Aspects
Calculation over Verbal Quantitiesp. 409
Aggregation of Linguistic Information Based on a Symbolic Approachp. 428
General Frameworks for Computing with Words
Object Networks: A Computational Framework to Compute with Wordsp. 443
Study on a Framework for Solving III-defined Problems Using Patterns and Symbolsp. 479
From Expert Words Directly to Numerical Simulations: Group-Theoretic Approach to Computing with Words in Information/Intelligent Systemsp. 495
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783790812183
ISBN-10: 3790812188
Series: Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 610
Published: 16th July 1999
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 3.33
Weight (kg): 1.05