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Computation and Intelligence : Collected Readings - George F. Luger

Computation and Intelligence

Collected Readings

By: George F. Luger (Editor)

Paperback Published: 4th August 1995
ISBN: 9780262621014
Number Of Pages: 749
For Ages: 18+ years old

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"Computation and Intelligence" brings together 29 readings in Artificial Intelligence that are particularly relevant to today's student/practitioner. With its helpful critique of the selections, extensive bibliography, and clear presentation of the material, "Computation and Intelligence" will be a useful adjunct to any course in AI as well as a handy reference for professionals in the field. The book is divided into five parts, each reflecting the stages of development of AI. The first part, "Foundations, ," contains readings that present or discuss foundational ideas linking computation and intelligence, typified by A. M. Turing's "Computing Machinery and Intelligence." The second part, "Knowledge Representation," presents a sampling of numerous representational schemes by Newell, Minsky, Collins & Quillian, Winograd, Schank, Hayes, Holland, McClelland, Rumelhart, Hinton, and Brooks. The third part, "Weak Method Problem Solving," fouses on the research and design of syntax-based problem solvers, including the most famous of these, the Logic Theorist and GPS. The fourth part, Reasoning in Complex and Dynamic Environments, presents a broad spectrum of the AI community's research in knowledge-intensive problem solving, from McCarthy's early design of systems with "common sense" to model-based reasoning. The two concluding selections, by Marvin Minsky and by Herbert Simon, respectively, present the recent thoughts of two of AI's pioneers who revisit the concepts and controversies that have developed during the evolution of the tools and techniques that make up the current practice of Artificial Intelligence.

The Prehistory of Android Epistemologyp. 3
Computing Machinery and Intelligencep. 23
Steps Towards Artificial Intelligencep. 47
Computer Science as Empirical Enquiry: Symbols and Searchp. 91
The Knowledge Levelp. 125
A Framework for Representing Knowledgep. 165
Retrieval Time from Semantic Memoryp. 193
A Procedural Model of Language Understandingp. 203
The Structure of Episodes in Memoryp. 235
In Defense of Logicp. 261
Escaping Brittleness: The Possibility of General Purpose Learning Algorithms Applied to Parallel Rule-Based Systemsp. 275
The Appeal of Parallel Distributed Processingp. 305
Intelligence Without Representationp. 343
Empirical Explorations with the Logic Theory Machinep. 365
Some Studies in Machine Learning Using the Game of Checkersp. 391
GPS, A Program that Simulates Human Thoughtp. 415
STRIPS: A New Approach in the Application of Theorem Proving to Problem Solvingp. 429
Blackboard Systems: The Blackboard Model of Problem Solving and the Evolution of Blackboard Architecturesp. 447
Programs with Common Sensep. 479
Dendral and Meta-Dendral: Their Application Dimensionp. 493
Consultation Systems for Physiciansp. 511
A Truth Maintenance Systemp. 529
Circumscription - A Form of Non-Monotonic Reasoningp. 555
The Second Naive Physics Manifestop. 567
Paradigms for Machine Learningp. 587
Improving Human Decision Making Through Case Based Decision Aidingp. 597
Diagnosis Based on Description of Structure and Functionp. 623
Pengi: An Implementation of a Theory of Activityp. 635
Logical Versus Analogical or Symbolic Versus Connectionist or Neat Versus Scruffyp. 647
Machine as Mindp. 675
Bibliographyp. 693
Indexp. 729
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262621014
ISBN-10: 0262621010
Series: American Association for Artificial Intelligence
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 749
Published: 4th August 1995
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.6 x 15.2  x 4.1
Weight (kg): 1.0