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Comparative Vertebrate Cognition : Are Primates Superior to Non-Primates? - Lesley J. Rogers

Comparative Vertebrate Cognition

Are Primates Superior to Non-Primates?

By: Lesley J. Rogers (Editor), Gisela Kaplan (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st December 2003
ISBN: 9780306477270
Number Of Pages: 386

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This book explores afresh the long-standing interest, and emphasis on, the special' capacities of primates. Some of the recent discoveries of the higher cognitive abilities of other mammals and also birds challenge the concept that primates are special and even the view that the cognitive ability of apes is more advanced than that of nonprimate mammals and birds. It is therefore timely to ask whether primates are, in fact, special and to do so from a broad range of perspectives. Divided into five sections this book deals with topics about higher cognition and how it is manifested in different species, and also considers aspects of brain structure that might be associated with complex behavior.

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From the reviews: "Are primates superior? ! Comparative Vertebrate Cognition aims to answer this question or at least to consider and draw attention to what we know so far and assess the new research directions that are required so that we can answer the question in the future. ! Overall Comparative Vertebrate Cognition is a very enlightening and timely book. It is an interesting and thought-provoking attempt to draw attention to an area that is still in the early stages of its rise to scientific popularity ! ." (Lucy Bates, Primate Eye, February, 2006) "It is high time for primatologists to broaden their horizons in terms of learning about other animals ! . the editors provide a brief history of primatology and lay out their motivation for assembling this book. Rogers and Kaplan suggest that primates have been declared to be 'special' mainly as a political move ! . the book has opened some doors and will certainly promote the exchange of ideas by scholars studying the cognitive abilities of a variety of taxa." (Julia Fischer, Folia Primatologica, Vol. 76 (2), 2006)

Contributorsp. xv
Complex Cognition
Comparing the Complex Cognition of Birds and Primatesp. 3
Introductionp. 3
Why Might Primates be Superior to Non-Primates?p. 4
Comparing Birds and Primatesp. 5
Primates have a Neocortex Larger than Predicted for their Body Sizep. 5
Primates have an Expanded Prefrontal Cortexp. 8
Primates Demonstrate Social Learning and Imitationp. 9
Primates Understand Others' Mental Statesp. 14
Primates Display Insight, Innovation, and they Construct and Use Toolsp. 23
Insight and Innovationp. 23
Manufacture and Use of Toolsp. 25
Primates Utilize Symbolic and Referential Communicationp. 27
Primates Demonstrate Elements of Mental Time Travelp. 29
The Retrospective Component--Episodic Memoryp. 30
Do Animals have Episodic-like Memory?p. 31
Episodic-like Memory in Scrub-Jaysp. 32
The Prospective Component--Future Planningp. 33
Is there any Evidence of Future Planning in Animals?p. 35
Food Caching by Scrub-Jays: A Candidate for Future Planning in Animals?p. 36
The Perils of Primatocentrism and "Scala Naturae"p. 36
Uses and Abuses of the Ecological/Ethological Approach to Cognitionp. 38
Species Differences in Ecology and Cognitionp. 39
Ethologically Relevant Stimuli are Difficult to Controlp. 40
How Far can the Natural Behavior of an Animal be Translated to the Laboratory?p. 41
The Great Divide: Awareness of "Self"p. 41
Is there a Case for Convergent Cognitive Evolution and Divergent Neurological Evolution?p. 45
Acknowledgmentsp. 46
Referencesp. 46
Visual Cognition and Representation in Birds and Primatesp. 57
Introductionp. 57
Integration and Interpolation of Visual Information in the Spatial Domainp. 58
Integration and Interpolation of Visual Information in the Temporal Domainp. 69
Representing Objectsp. 72
Objects in Space: Use of Geometric and Nongeometric Informationp. 77
Conclusionsp. 84
Acknowledgmentsp. 85
Referencesp. 85
Social Learning
Socially Mediated Learning among Monkeys and Apes: Some Comparative Perspectivesp. 97
Introductionp. 97
Socially Mediated Learningp. 98
Imitationp. 106
Imitation in Monkeysp. 106
Imitation in Great Apesp. 110
Primate Imitation in Broader Perspectivep. 115
Culturep. 118
Behavioral Traditions among Monkeysp. 119
Behavioral Traditions among the Great Apesp. 121
Facilitating Influences on Behavioral Traditions among Great Apesp. 123
Referencesp. 127
Social Learning, Innovation, and Intelligence in Fishp. 141
Introductionp. 141
Traditions and Social Learning in Guppiesp. 144
Innovation in Guppies--Is Necessity the Mother of Invention?p. 148
Conformity and Social Releasep. 152
Primate Supremacy Reconsideredp. 156
Conclusionsp. 163
Acknowledgmentsp. 164
Referencesp. 164
Communication
The Primate Isolation Call: A Comparison with Precocial Birds and Non-primate Mammalsp. 171
Introductionp. 171
The Mammalian Isolation Callp. 172
The Primate Isolation Callp. 174
Isolation Call Developmentp. 175
A Well-Studied Primatep. 176
Neurochemical (Pharmacological) Control of Isolation Call Productionp. 177
Neural Mechanisms of Isolation Call Productionp. 177
Neural Mechanisms of Isolation Call Perceptionp. 179
Conclusionsp. 181
Referencesp. 181
Meaningful Communication in Primates, Birds, and Other Animalsp. 189
Introductionp. 189
Communication from the Point of View of the Receiverp. 191
Referential Signalingp. 191
Vocal Signaling in Generalp. 191
Motivational versus Referential Signalsp. 192
Attributing Meaning in Alarm and Food Callingp. 194
Deception in Vocal Signalingp. 197
Nonvocal Communicationp. 199
Human Language and Animal Studiesp. 201
Co-evolutionary Eventsp. 204
Complex Communication, Social Organization, and the Huntp. 205
Advantages of Living Togetherp. 207
Hierarchy, Group Complexity, and Feedingp. 212
Conclusionp. 214
Referencesp. 215
Theory of Mind
Theory of Mind and Insight in Chimpanzees, Elephants, and Other Animals?p. 227
Elephant Cognitionp. 228
Do Elephants and Chimpanzees know that People See?p. 231
Do Elephants know that People See?p. 240
Do Chimpanzees know that People See?p. 245
Insight in Animals?p. 248
Retractable Cord-Pulling in Elephantsp. 251
Do Elephants know when to Suck or Blow?p. 254
Conclusionp. 257
Acknowledgmentsp. 257
Referencesp. 258
The Use of Social Information in Chimpanzees and Dogsp. 263
Reading Attentionp. 265
What can Others Seep. 266
What Organ is Responsible for Visionp. 269
Following Attentionp. 271
Attention Following into Distant Spacep. 272
Attention Following in Object Choicep. 272
Directing Attentionp. 275
Discussionp. 278
Referencesp. 283
Brain, Evolution, and Hemispheric Specialization
Increasing the Brain's Capacity: Neocortex, New Neurons, and Hemispheric Specializationp. 289
Introductionp. 289
Brain Size Relative to Body Weightp. 290
Neocortex/Isocortexp. 296
Frontal Lobesp. 299
Relative Differences in the Size of Different Regions of the Brainp. 299
Coordinated Size Changep. 300
Mosaic Evolutionp. 302
Linking the Size of Brain Regions to Specific Behaviorp. 304
Correlations between Brain Size and Behaviorp. 305
Foraging for Foodp. 305
Social Intelligencep. 306
Social Learning, Innovation, and Tool Usep. 308
Hemispheric Specializationp. 310
Corpus Callosump. 312
Experience and Brain Sizep. 314
Assumptions/New Neuronsp. 316
Conclusionp. 317
Referencesp. 318
The Evolution of Lateralized Motor Functionsp. 325
Whole-body Turningp. 327
Lower Vertebrates: Fish, Amphibians, and Reptilesp. 327
Birdsp. 329
Non-Primate Mammals: Rodents, Dolphins, Cats, and Dogsp. 329
Non-Human Primatesp. 331
Summary of Turning Biasesp. 331
Hand Preferences for Simple Actionsp. 332
Lower Vertebratesp. 332
Birdsp. 333
Non-Primate Mammals: Rodentsp. 333
Non-Primate Mammals: Cats and Dogsp. 334
Non-Human Primatesp. 335
Summary of Hand Preferences for Simple Actionsp. 338
Complex Visuospatial Tasksp. 339
Non-Primate Mammals: Catsp. 339
Non-Human Primatesp. 340
Summary of Complex Visuospatial Tasksp. 342
Manipulation and Tool Usep. 343
Birdsp. 343
Non-Human Primatesp. 344
Summary of Manipulation and Tool Usep. 345
Foot Preferences in Locomotionp. 346
Birdsp. 346
Non-Human Primatesp. 347
Summary of Foot Preferences in Locomotionp. 348
Production of Emotional Responses and Vocalizationsp. 348
Lower Vertebrates: Fish, Amphibians, and Reptilesp. 348
Birdsp. 349
Non-Primate Mammals: Rodentsp. 351
Non-Human Primatesp. 352
Summaryp. 354
Are Primates Special?p. 355
Acknowledgmentsp. 359
Referencesp. 359
Epiloguep. 371
About the Editorsp. 375
Indexp. 377
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306477270
ISBN-10: 0306477270
Series: Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 386
Published: 1st December 2003
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 2.79
Weight (kg): 0.95

Earn 678 Qantas Points
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