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Community, Anarchy and Liberty - Michael Taylor

Community, Anarchy and Liberty

Hardcover

Published: 2nd May 2004
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Can social order be maintained in a stateless society? Is anarchy viable? The contention of this book is that stateless social order is possible only if relations between people are those characteristic of community. Rejecting the libertarian argument that the goods and services which make up 'social order' can be provided by private firms competing in the marketplace, and the liberal argument that because social order is a public good its maintenance requires the state, Michael Taylor goes on to examine the methods actually used to maintain order in anarchic and quasi-anarchic societies and shows how these methods can be effective only in a small and stable community. Community in turn requires a rough economic equality. But according to a traditional argument (recently revitalised by Robert Nozick), no equality would survive for long without state interference - so that communitarian anarchy must break down. Here this argument is shown to be fallacious: the development of gross inequality can be prevented in an anarchic community. At the same time, the small community is not portrayed as continuously harmonious, free from constraint and coercion - the contention is rather that community is necessary if we are to live without the state or substantially reduce its role. But community is defended against the charge of being incompatible with individual liberty. That claim is shown to be no more accurate than the opposite and equally simple assumption, that liberty is possible only in community. For evidence and illustration, the book draws on the experience of stateless primitive societies, peasant communities and utopian and other 'intentional' communities. It sets a new standard of clarity and rigour for theoretical studies in anarchism and will interest a wide range of readers, including political theorists, political anthropologists and sociologists, and anyone concerned with the justification of the state.

'Community, Anarchy and Liberty is a fine book. I can't think of a better, more stimulating introduction to serious and critical thought about the state.' Jeremy Waldron, The Times Literary Supplement

Acknowledgementsp. vii
Anarchy and communityp. 1
Introduction: the scope of the bookp. 1
Anarchy: what it isp. 4
Power, authority and what anarchy is notp. 10
Communityp. 25
Anarchic communitiesp. 33
Social order without the statep. 39
Social order and public goodsp. 39
Social order and the statep. 53
Social order on the marketp. 59
Social order in stateless societiesp. 65
Community and stateless social orderp. 90
Equality in anarchyp. 95
Is equality unstable in anarchy?p. 95
The control of inequality in stateless societiesp. 104
The birth of the statep. 129
Community and libertyp. 140
Pure negative freedom, freedom from coercion, and autonomyp. 142
Are community and liberty incompatible?p. 150
Epilogue: the future of community and anarchyp. 166
Bibliographyp. 172
Indexp. 181
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521246217
ISBN-10: 0521246210
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 196
Published: 2nd May 2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 13.8  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 0.4