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Communism and Nationalism : Karl Marx versus Friedrich List - Roman Szporluk

Communism and Nationalism

Karl Marx versus Friedrich List

Paperback

Published: 31st October 1991
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In this highly original study, Roman Szporluk examines the relationship between the two dominant ideologies of the 19th century--communism and nationalism--and their enduring legacy in the 20th century. Szporluk argues that both Karl Marx's theory of communism and Friedrich List's theory of nationalism arose in response to the sweeping changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution, and that both sought to promote industrialization as a means of reforming the modern world. Each ideology, the author contends, developed in relation to the other and can best be understood as the product of a complex interweaving of the two, producing in the 20th century new forms of nationalism that have incorporated Marxism into the fabric of their movement and Marxist states that have adopted threads of nationalistic belief. Casting the role of List and the intellectual development of Marx in an unorthodox light, this book adds a new dimension to the debate over the boundaries of nationalism and socialism in the development of political ideologies.

"A fascinating, provocative, and wide-ranging book. He provides an excellent account of the development of Marx's views on nationalism which he skilfully contrasts with List's. His discussion of the development of national ideas in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is admirably concise, clear-headed, and judicious....This excellent book is thus not only a fascinating historical study, it has a relevance to a major issue of the day which may not be immediately apparent from its characteristically unpretentious study."--The International History Review "Nicely reinvigorates the familiar topic of Marx on nationalism by analyzing a neglected manuscript of Karl Marx--his unfinished 1845 critique of a work by well-known German economist, Friedrich List. Szporluk's book...then goes on to offer a first-rate analysis of List's 'nationalist' economics."--Commonweal "[An] extraordinary timely and important book. It comes at a time when communism is rapdily failing. In that context, nationalism is bound to assume even more importance than heretofore....[Szporluk's] book...should be widely read by students and others, both for the historical perspective that it provides and for the suggestive insights into the future that it is bound to stimulate."--Zbigniew Brzezinski "A remarkable new study in the history of ideas."--Ernest Gellner "This is an admirably ambitious and well-organized book, combining careful exegesis with wide-ranging ideas. It should prove as fruitful to historians and political scientists as it does to economists concerned with problems of development."--Times Literary Supplement "A fascinating, provocative, and wide-ranging book. He provides an excellent account of the development of Marx's views on nationalism which he skilfully contrasts with List's. His discussion of the development of national ideas in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is admirably concise, clear-headed, and judicious....This excellent book is thus not only a fascinating historical study, it has a relevance to a major issue of the day which may not be immediately apparent from its characteristically unpretentious study."--The International History Review "Nicely reinvigorates the familiar topic of Marx on nationalism by analyzing a neglected manuscript of Karl Marx--his unfinished 1845 critique of a work by well-known German economist, Friedrich List. Szporluk's book...then goes on to offer a first-rate analysis of List's 'nationalist' economics."--Commonweal "[An] extraordinary timely and important book. It comes at a time when communism is rapdily failing. In that context, nationalism is bound to assume even more importance than heretofore....[Szporluk's] book...should be widely read by students and others, both for the historical perspective that it provides and for the suggestive insights into the future that it is bound to stimulate."--Zbigniew Brzezinski "A remarkable new study in the history of ideas."--Ernest Gellner "This is an admirably ambitious and well-organized book, combining careful exegesis with wide-ranging ideas. It should prove as fruitful to historians and political scientists as it does to economists concerned with problems of development."--Times Literary Supplement "Many writers have noted the significance of Friedrich List (1789-1846) as a forerunner and explicit antagonist of Marx, but none has explained the subject so thoroughly....Szporluk's major hypothesis is that nationalism instead of being an epiphenomenon of capitalism, as Marxists contend, was 'a third party on the battlefield where Marxism met capitalism.'" --Problems of Communism "[A] remarkable book....Szporluk's investigation is especially valuable now given the burgeoning conflicts between Marxism and nationalism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe....Szporluk's book...provid[es] a basis for understanding if not solving the current tragic difficulties."--Studium Papers

ISBN: 9780195051032
ISBN-10: 0195051033
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 328
Published: 31st October 1991
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 20.85 x 13.64  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.38