This book consists of papers prepared for and presented at a NATO sponsored Advanced Study Institute which was held in Montechoro, Portugal during the period 16-27 April, 1990. This Institute was attended by approximately ninety delegates from fifteen countries and followed from a related Institute held in Vimeiro, Portugal in 1987 (see the book entitled "Instrumentation for Combustion and Flow in Engines", edited by D. F. G. Dur~o, J. H. Whitelaw and P. O. Witzel. The purposes of the first Institute related closely to instrumentation for use in gas-turbine combustors and the cylinders of internal-combustion engines. These topics were also addressed in the second Institute, though in a manner which was wider ranging and chosen to demonstrate and explain the development and application of measurement methods to combusting flows in general. The papers contained in this boo~ were selected to provide the reader with a comprehensive and up-to-date view of the variety of experimental techniques available to measure in combusting flows. Included are discussions of their range and applicability, potential accuracy and ease of use. Thus, the first paper provides a brief overview and the second an indication of those aspects of combustion which should influence the choice of flow property to be measured and the technique to be used.
1. Modem Diagnostic Techniques for Combusting Flows: An Overview.- 2. Fundamental Aspects of Gaseous Combustion.- 3. Three-Dimensional Structure of Strongly Forced Jet Diffusion Flames: Flow Visualization Studies.- 4. Probe Measurements of Scalar Properties in Reacting Flows.- 5. Planar Fluorescence Imaging: Basic Concepts for Scalar and Velocity Measurements.- 6. Degenerate Four Wave Mixing and Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering: Applications in Combustion Diagnostics - Species Imaging and Improved Temperature Measurements.- 7. Probe and Optical Techniques for Simultaneous Scalar-Velocity Measurements.- 8. Optically-Based Measurement Techniques for Dispersed Two Phase Flows.- 9. Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering and Applications to Optical Sizing.- 10. Optical Measurements of Gas Phase Vector and Scalar Properties in Reacting and Non- reacting Polydispersed Sprays.- 11. Quantitative Flow Measurement System Using the PIV Technique.- 12. A New Technique for 3D Instantaneous Velocity Measurements, with Special Emphasis on Combustion.- 13. Aircraft Turbine Engine Combustors - Development Status/Challenges.- 14. Review of Recent Measurements in Gas Turbine Combustors.- 15. Coherent Laser Diagnostics for Temperature/Species Measurements in Advanced Engines.- 16. Experimental Characterization of Diesel Engines.- 17. High Speed Optical Diagnostics of Combustion Diesel Fuel Sprays.- 18. Mixture Formation in a Spray Observed by Spontaneous Raman Spectroscopy.- 19. Techniques for Detecting Flame Arrival in Premixed-Charge Spark Ignition Engines.- 20. CARS Spectroscopy for Temperature and Concentration Measurements in a Spark Ignition Engine.- 21. Application of Fiber LDV for Flow Measurements in a Two-Stroke Engine.- 22. The Measurement and Interpretation of the Starch Dust-Air Explosion Parameters in a Closed Spherical Vessel.- 23. Raman Scattering on Evaporating Single Microparticles.- 24. Determination of Aircraft Pressure Altitude and Ambient Temperature Using Fluorescence and Rayleigh Scattered Radiation from a Continuum Source.
Series: NATO Asi Series. Series E, Applied Sciences
Number Of Pages: 568
Published: 30th November 1991
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.98