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Combating Desertification with Plants - D. Pasternak

Combating Desertification with Plants

By: D. Pasternak (Editor), Arnold Schlissel (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th September 2001
ISBN: 9780306466328
Number Of Pages: 462

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The conference "Combating Desertification with Plants" was held in Beer Sheva, Israel, from November 2-5, 1999, and was attended by 70 participants from 30 countries and/or international organisations. Desertification - the degradation of soils in drylands - is a phenomenon occurring in scores of countries around the globe. The number of people (in semiarid regions) affected by the steady decline in the productivity of their lands is in the hundred millions. The measures required to halt and reverse the process of desertification fall into many categories - policy, institutional, sociological-anthropological, and technical. Although technical "solutions" are not currently in vogue, the conference organizers felt that perhaps the pendulum had swung too far in the direction of "participatory approaches." Hence IPALAC - The International Program for Arid Land Crops - whose function is to serve as a catalyst for optimizing the contribution of plant germplasm to sustainable development in desertification-prone regions - felt the time was opportune for providing a platform for projects where the "plant-driven" approach to development finds expression. Some 45 papers were delivered at the conference, falling into the categories of this volume: Overview, Potential Germplasm for Arid Lands, Introduction, Domestication and Dissemination of Arid Land Plants, Land Rehabilitation, and Mechanisms of Plant Transfer. The conference was funded by UNESCO (Division of Ecological Sciences), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland, and MASHAV, Israel's Center for International Development Cooperation.

Some Observations Relating to the Global Agricultural Situationp. 3
Combating Poverty with Plantsp. 17
The Role of Horticulture Plants in Combating Desertificationp. 33
Terfezias, a Family of Mycorrhizal Edible Mushrooms for Arid Zonesp. 45
The Role and Potential of Traditional Tuber Crops in Malawip. 55
Honeybees and Nectariferous Plants in the Desert are an Important Factor to Sustain Modern Agriculturep. 65
Importance of Non-Wood Forest Products as Source of Rural Women's Income in Western Burkina Fasop. 69
Ethnobotany and Importance of Three Local Species in Northern Cameroonp. 81
Potentials of Non-Wood Forest Products of the Semiarid Regions of Ugandap. 89
Biodiversity Prospecting in Drylands of Latin Americap. 97
Provenance Trial for Indigenous Tree Speciesp. 113
Introduction and Selection of Drought and Salt Tolerant Plants for Afforestation and Landscaping in Arid Landsp. 121
The Screening of Multipurpose Tree Species for Agroforestry Practices in the Semiarid Ecozone of Ghanap. 149
Results of 50-Year Studies on Afforestation as Related to the Problem of Desertification Control in Ciscaspian Lowland in Russiap. 157
Citrullus colocynthis, an Israeli Desert Plant, as a Potential Source of Edible Oilp. 161
Euphorbia tirucalli for High Biomass Productionp. 169
Boraginaceae as Potential Sources of Gamma-Linolenic Acidp. 189
Root Involvement in Plant Development and Productivity under Semiarid Conditionsp. 199
Acacia mearnsii for Income Generation and Environmental Protection in Kenyap. 205
Potential of Australian Acacias for Human Foodp. 217
The Effect of Shade on Initial Growth, Development and Occurrences of Leaf Diseases on Wild Indigenous Fruit Treesp. 233
Afforestation of Semiarid Areas of Tanzania: Focusing on the Root Compartmentp. 241
Introduction of Cacti as Vegetable Crops for Israelp. 249
Upscaling the Experimental Planting of Argania spinosa at Kibbutz Ketura, Israelp. 257
Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.), a Choice Crop for Improvement of Human and Soil Health in Southern Africap. 263
Many Problems and Some Solutions to the Commercialisation of NTFPs in Botswanap. 273
Fighting Desertification by Production and Use of Jatropha Oilp. 283
Combating Desertification with Seabuckthornp. 291
Reversing Desertification with Tamarix in Chinap. 301
Bioreclamation of Saline Soils of the Western Coast of Senegalp. 315
Utilizing the Underground Forest: Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration of Treesp. 325
Sand Dune Stabilization with Plants in Chinap. 337
Development of a Technology for Sand Dune Stabilization in Northern Nigeriap. 347
Sand Dune Stabilization Practices Implemented in Turkeyp. 359
Desertification in the West Bank and Gaza Stripp. 369
Reversing Desertification through Large, Herding Ungulatesp. 375
Passive Transferp. 383
Response to Agroforestry Interventionp. 395
FAO, Plants and Sustainable Development in Drylandsp. 405
Combating Desertification with Treesp. 419
Promoting Indigenous Trees Species Plantation in the Sahel, with Special Reference to Burkina Fasop. 427
Incorporating Tree and Shrub Species into Small Scale Farming Systems in the Dry Region of Indonesiap. 437
Obstacles to the Adoption of Cover Cropsp. 449
Indexp. 457
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306466328
ISBN-10: 0306466325
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 462
Published: 30th September 2001
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.69