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Combat Stress Reaction : The Enduring Toll of War - Zahava Solomon

Combat Stress Reaction

The Enduring Toll of War

Hardcover Published: 31st July 1993
ISBN: 9780306442797
Number Of Pages: 284

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Combat Stress Reaction is a groundbreaking exploration of the effects of war and psychic trauma on combat veterans that documents the impact of combat stress reaction (CSR) on mental and physical health and family, work, social, and military functioning. Author Zahava Solomon addresses the many perplexing issues related to CSR through her analysis of the findings of an exhaustive ten-year series of studies on Israeli veterans of the 1982 Lebanon war. The entire population of veterans experiencing combat stress reaction was followed from the time of the conflict until the present, offering a unique perspective on psychological processes following exposure to traumatic stress. Solomon integrates empirical findings with case histories, excerpts from extensive clinical interviews, and clinical theory to provide fresh insights into the many unanswered questions facing traumatic stress researchers, including: What is the scope, nature, and duration of CSR? What happens to CSR casualties after the fighting ends? Does war leave stress residues among cornhatants who do not sustain CSR? Which soldiers are predisposed to CSR? Does the exposure to more than one war decrease or increase a soldier's chances of sustaining CSR? What factors aid or inhibit recovery from CSR? How is the course of the disorder affected by continuing exposure to military stimuli?
Solomon's illuminating discussion of the repercussions of combat stress reaction provides mental health professionals and military personnel with an unparalleled source of knowledge on this widespread yet poorly understood disorder. In addition, the text's exploration of the cultural, social, and political processes that play a role in recovery from CSR offers a fascinating look at contemporary Israeli society, spanning such factors as family, work, the impact of the Holocaust, cultural norms, the role of the media, and the political debate over the Lebanon war.

Industry Reviews

"Solomon's elegant integration of clinical anecdote, empirical findings, and theory in this book will appeal to trauma specialists and nonspecialists alike. Her clear presentation of the phenomena of combat stress reaction (CSR) will easily educate those unfamiliar with the psychological aftermath of traumatic events [...] eloquently achieves its goal of describing the complex and persistent sequelae of war [...] Solomon's personal insights and the rich case studies highlight the human tragedies that accompany battle."
(Contemporary Psychology)

In the Shadow of Warp. 1
The Sinai Campaign
The Six-Day War
The Yom Kippur War
Sisters in Sorrowp. 11
Establishing the Psychiatric War Casualty Database
Conditions That Enabled the Longitudinal Study
Planning the Study
Three Waves of Measurements
Subjects' Reactions
Overview of Themes
Psychological Breakdown on the Battlefieldp. 27
Historical Perspectives of CSR
CSR in the Lebanon War
A Taxonomy of CSR
Naked on Dizengoffp. 39
The Protective Illusion of Safety
CSR: Shattering the Illusion of Safety
CSR: Gradual Awareness of Vulnerability
Does the War End When the Shooting Stops?p. 51
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
PTSD Rates
The Duration of PTSD
Number of PTSD Symptoms
The Symptoms Profile
Endorsement of PTSD Symptoms
Stress Residues: Intrusion and Avoidance
Psychiatric Symptomatology
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The Inner Landscapep. 73
Psychic Numbing, Avoidance, and Withdrawal
Guilt about Wartime Conduct
Survivor Guilt
Anger and Hostility
From Front Line to Home Frontp. 103
In the Family
Social Functioning
At Work
If at First You Don't Succeed: Military Functioning after CSRp. 131
Perceived Self-Efficacy in Combat
Reserve Duty
Body and Soulp. 147
Combat Stress and Somatic Illness among Israeli Soldiers
Conversion Reactions
Health-Related Habits: Cigarette, Alcohol, and Drug Consumption
Assessing Somatic Problems: Self-Report and Medical Examination
The Imprint of Traumap. 163
The Imprint of Vulnerability
The Shame of It All
The Sabra Ethos
Unmanned in the Military
The Salience of War in Israel
Yet Once More: The Effect of Repeated Warsp. 177
The Impact of Prior War Experience with and without CSR
Number of Prior Wars
Battle Intensity in Lebanon, Former War Experience, and CSR
Can a "Successful" War Repair the Damage of CSR?
Prior Vulnerability
Reactivation: Trauma Deepens Traumap. 189
Course and Precipitating Factors
Uncomplicated Reactivation
Specific Sensitivity
Moderate Generalized Sensitivity
Severe Generalized Sensitivity
The Clinical Picture of Reactivation
Is Delayed PTSD Real?p. 211
Exacerbation of Subclinical PTSD
Delayed Help Seeking for Chronic PTSD
Other Psychiatric Disorders
Delayed-Onset PTSD
Fathers and Sons: The Transgenerational Impact of the Holocaustp. 227
The Long Shadow of the Holocaust
The Second Generation
PTSD among Second-Generation Holocaust Survivors
Secondary Traumatization
Why Don't They Seek Treatment?p. 237
The Process of Help Seeking
Who Seeks Helps
Clinical Implications
The Silver Platterp. 251
Appendix A. Sociodemographic Characteristics of the Samplep. 259
Appendix B. PTSD Inventoryp. 261
Appendix C. Number of PTSD Symptomsp. 265
Appendix D. Analyses of SFP Scales Datap. 267
Referencesp. 269
Indexp. 281
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306442797
ISBN-10: 0306442795
Series: Springer Stress and Coping
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 284
Published: 31st July 1993
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.59

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