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Colonial Citizens : Republican Rights, Paternal Privilege, and Gender in French Syria and Lebanon - Elizabeth Thompson

Colonial Citizens

Republican Rights, Paternal Privilege, and Gender in French Syria and Lebanon

Paperback Published: 24th December 1999
ISBN: 9780231106610
Number Of Pages: 400
For Ages: 22+ years old

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French rule in Syria and Lebanon coincided with the rise of colonial resistance around the world and with profound social trauma after World War I. In this tightly argued study, Elizabeth Thompson shows how Syrians and Lebanese mobilized, like other colonized peoples, to claim the terms of citizenship enjoyed in the European metropole. The negotiations between the French and citizens of the Mandate set the terms of politics for decades after Syria and Lebanon achieved independence in 1946.

"Colonial Citizens" highlights gender as a central battlefield upon which the relative rights and obligations of states and citizens were established. The participants in this struggle included not only elite nationalists and French rulers, but also new mass movements of women, workers, youth, and Islamic populists. The author examines the "gendered battles" fought over France's paternalistic policies in health, education, labor, and the press. Two important and enduring political structures issued from these conflicts:

First, a colonial welfare state emerged by World War II that recognized social rights of citizens to health, education, and labor protection.

Second, tacit gender pacts were forged first by the French and then reaffirmed by the nationalist rulers of the independent states. These gender pacts represented a compromise among male political rivals, who agreed to exclude and marginalize female citizens in public life.

This study provides a major contribution to the social construction of gender in nationalist and postcolonial discourse. Returning workers, low-ranking religious figures, and most of all, women to the narrative history of the region -- figures usually omitted -- "Colonial Citizens" enhances our understanding of the interwar period in the Middle East, providing needed context for a better understanding of statebuilding, nationalism, Islam, and gender since World War II.

This book deserves to be widely read. One of the most significant contributions to the historiography of modern Syria and Lebanon in recent years. -- Margaret L. Meriwether American Historical Review

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Note on Transliterationp. xi
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Chronologyp. xv
Map of Syria and Lebanon in the Mandate Erap. xix
Introductionp. 1
War and the Advent of French Rule: A Crisis of Paternityp. 15
World War I: Famine, Memory, and a Shattered Social Orderp. 19
Soldiers and Patriarchs: Pillars of Colonial Paternalismp. 39
Bureaucrats: Mother France's Civilizing Missionp. 58
Paternal Republicanism and the Construction of Subaltern Citizensp. 71
State Social Policy: Constructing a Hierarchy of Citizensp. 73
Revolt: The Rise of Subaltern Movementsp. 91
Gender and the Legal Boundaries of the Colonial Civic Orderp. 113
Political Rights: Women's Suffrage as a Revolutionary Threatp. 117
The Veil and the Dual Legal Systemp. 127
Civil Rights: Patriotic Motherhood and Religious Law Reformp. 141
Social Rights: Emergence of a Colonial Welfare Statep. 155
Gendering the Public: Spatial Boundaries of the Colonial Civic Orderp. 171
Remapping the Urban Landscapep. 175
Street Violence: Regendering an Old Urban Spacep. 184
Cinemas: Gendering a New Urban Spacep. 197
The Press: Gendering the Virtual Publicp. 211
World War II and the Transformation of the Colonial Civic Orderp. 225
Climax of the Colonial Welfare Statep. 229
Claiming Paternity of Independent Republicsp. 247
The Making of Postcolonial Citizensp. 271
Appendixp. 291
Notesp. 297
Bibliographyp. 353
Indexp. 377
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780231106610
ISBN-10: 0231106610
Series: History and Society of the Modern Middle East
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 400
Published: 24th December 1999
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.84 x 15.37  x 2.31
Weight (kg): 0.59