This anthology presents recent philosophical analyses of moral, political, and legal responsibility of groups and their members. Motivated by reflection on such events as the Holocaust, the exploding Ford Pintos, the May Lai massacre, and apartheid in South Africa, the essays consider two questions - what collective efforts could have prevented these large-scale social harms? and is some group to blame and, if so, how is blame to be apportioned? The essays in the first half consider the concept of collective responsibility in light of the debate between individualists and collectivists. In the second half these theoretical discussions are applied to cases involving harms in professional and business contexts, health care, wartime, and racial relations. "Collective Responsibility" represents a comprehensive collection on the subject, bringing together a wide diversity of philosophical perspectives. Its theoretical and applied essays should make this collection of interest to both scholars and students interested in ethics and political philosophy.
The editors have assembled an interesting and useful collection on questions of considerable contemporary importance.--Ethics: An International Journal of Social, Political, and Legal Philosophy
Part 1 Conceptual issues: collective responsibility (a critique) H.D. Lewis; collective responsibility - a defense, Joel Feinberg; morality and collective liability, Howard McGary; collective responsibility (another defense), D.E. Cooper; collective responsibility (a reply to Cooper), R.S. Downe; can a random collection of individuals be morally responsible?, Virginia Held; the responsibility of random collections (a reply to Held), Stanley Bates. Part 2 Applications: why corporations are not morally responsible for anything they do, Manuel Velasquez; the corporation as a moral person, Peter French; ethical responsibilities of engineers in large organizations - the Pinto case, Richard T. De George; collective responsibility and the nursing profession, James Muyskens; conduct and responsibilty in war, Richard Wasserstrom; guilt and responsibility, Kurt Baier; racism and moral pollution, Anthony Applah; metaphysical guilt and moral taint, Larry May; measuring responsibility, A. Zvie Bar-on; organized guilt and moral responsibility, Hannah Arendt.
Series: Studies in Social & Political Philosophy
Number Of Pages: 244
Published: 28th August 1991
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.73 x 14.83
Weight (kg): 0.41