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Cold Ocean Physiology : Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series - Hans-O. Portner

Cold Ocean Physiology

Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series

By: Hans-O. Portner (Editor), Richard C. Playle (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 28th March 1998
ISBN: 9780521580786
Number Of Pages: 518

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From a human viewpoint, the cold waters of deep sea and polar marine regions present an inhospitable and harsh environment for life. The study of organisms which have exploited this seemingly hostile ecological niche has revealed intriguing physiological adaptations. This volume summarises the most recent information on the adaptations exhibited by representatives of the main groups of polar animals, including marine invertebrates, fish, mammals and birds, at scales ranging from the whole organism through to the underlying molecular adaptational mechanisms. Unique in its breadth of coverage, this volume will provide an important resource for all those concerned specifically with how animals have adapted to life in extreme conditions, as well as being of general interest to all marine biologists.

'It is a volume to dip into repeatedly ... this well bound and illustrated book should be on the shelves of all institutions where aquatic biology is taught or researched.' John Davenport, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology '... an excellent guide for final-year undergraduates, postgraduates or anyone interested in advanced polar biology.' New Scientist '... a volume well worth the attention of all comparative physiologists concerned with the effects of low temperatures'. John A. MacDonald, Antarctic Science

List of contributors
Preface
General Concepts
Temperature and energetics: an introduction to cold ocean physiology
Compensatory Adaptations in Cold Ocean Environments
Adaptation to cold and depth: contrasts between polar and deep-sea animals
Temperature and growth rates as modulators of the metabolic capacities of fish muscle
Energetic aspects of cold adaptation: critical temperatures in metabolic, ionic and acid-base regulation?
Physiological and evolutionary aspects of myoglobin expression in the haemoglobinless Antarctic icefishes
Oxygen transport systems in extreme environments: multiplicity and structure-function relationship in haemoglobins of Antarctic
Membrane lipid and protein adaptations in Antarctic fish
Kinetics of enzymes in cold-stenothermal invertebrates
Effects of low temperature on prooxidant processes and antioxidant defence systems in marine organisms
Exploitative Adaptations
New insights into fish antifreeze proteins: physiological significance and molecular regulation
Antifreeze glycopeptides and peptides in the freezing avoidance of Weddell Sea fishes: its relation to mode of life, depth distribution and evolution
Integrative Approaches
Effects of environmental and experimental stress on Antarctic fish
Fish cardio-circulatory function in the cold
Feeding, metabolism and metabolic scope in Antarctic marine ectotherms
Evolution and adaptation of the diving response: phocids and otariids
The physiology of polar birds
Applied Approaches
Physiological ecology in cold ocean fisheries: a case study in Atlantic cod
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521580786
ISBN-10: 0521580781
Series: Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 518
Published: 28th March 1998
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.87
Weight (kg): 0.86