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Cold Adapted Organisms : Ecology, Physiology, Enzymology and Molecular Biology :  Ecology, Physiology, Enzymology and Molecular Biology - Rosa Margesin

Cold Adapted Organisms : Ecology, Physiology, Enzymology and Molecular Biology

Ecology, Physiology, Enzymology and Molecular Biology

By: Rosa Margesin (Editor), Franz Schinner (Editor)

Hardcover Published: June 1999
ISBN: 9783540649731
Number Of Pages: 416

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Major parts of the oceans and lands of our planet are permanently, or temporarily, exposed to temperatures below 10 C. Microorganisms, plants and animals living under these conditions have adapted to their environments in such a way that metabolic processes, reproduction and survival strategies are optimal for their natural biotopes. This book presents the most recent knowledge of the ecology and the physiology of cold-adapted microorganisms, plants and animals, and explains the mechanisms of cold-adaptation on the enzymatic and molecular level, including results from the first crystal structures of enzymes of cold-adapted organisms.

Ecology and Physiologyp. 1
Cold-adapted microorganisms
Microbial life in permanently cold soilsp. 3
Lake ice microbial communities in alpine and antarctic lakesp. 17
Physiology of cold-adapted microorganismsp. 33
Cold-adapted plants
Ecological aspects of cold-adapted plants with a special emphasis on environmental control of cold hardening and dehardeningp. 57
Plant responses to low temperature: signaling pathways involved in plant acclimationp. 79
Ice nucleation and deep supercooling in plants: new insights using infrared thermographyp. 105
Modeling sequential responses of plant cells to freezing and thawingp. 119
Cold-adapted animals
Cold adaptations in terrestrial invertebratesp. 137
Nival invertebrate animals in the East Alps: a faunistic overviewp. 165
High alpine streams: cold habitats for insect larvaep. 181
Ecophysiological and morphological features of glacier-dwelling Collembolap. 197
Ecological features of antarctic fishesp. 219
Structure and function of hemoglobins from antarctic organisms: the search for correlations with adaptive evolutionp. 239
Enzymologyp. 255
Cold enzymes: a hot topicp. 257
Psychrophilic enzymes: insights into cold adaptation and catalysis from the first high resolution crystal structuresp. 277
Temperature adaptation in enzymes of antarctic fishesp. 297
Aspartate aminotransferase from Moraxella TAC125: an unusual psychrophilic enzymep. 305
Molecular Biologyp. 317
Genes and enzymes involved in arginine and pyrimidine biosynthesis in psychrophilic Vibrio strains from the deep seap. 319
Plasmids from antarctic bacteriap. 335
Molecular responses in cold-adapted plantsp. 349
Gene expression and cold hardiness in animalsp. 385
Subject indexp. 409
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540649731
ISBN-10: 3540649735
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 416
Published: June 1999
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.73