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Coercive Cooperation : Explaining Multilateral Economic Sanctions - Lisa L. Martin

Coercive Cooperation

Explaining Multilateral Economic Sanctions

Paperback Published: 16th January 1994
ISBN: 9780691034768
Number Of Pages: 320

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This innovative study shows that multilateral sanctions are coercive in their pressure on their target and in their origin: the sanctions themselves frequently result from coercive policies, with one state attempting to coerce others through persuasion, threats, and promises. To analyze this process, Lisa Martin uses a novel methodology combining game-theoretic models, statistical analysis, and case studies. She emphasizes that credible commitments gain international cooperation, and concludes that the involvement of international institutions and the willingness of the main "sender" to bear heavy costs are the central factors influencing the sanction's credibility.

"As Martin acknowledges at the end of her fine scholarly book--a sophisticated conceptual approach matched to a well-articulated argument--more study needs to be given to the actual politics and to the psychology of international sanctions."--Alan K. Henrickson, Harvard International Review "A major theoretical and substantive contribution to the study of international cooperation and the imposition of economic sanctions."--Choice "A major theoretical and substantive contribution to the study of international cooperation and the imposition of economic sanctions."--Choice

Figures
Tables
Prefacep. 1
Introductionp. 3
The Study of Economic Sanctionsp. 4
The Study of International Cooperationp. 7
Methodologyp. 10
Theory and Datap. 13
Model and Hypothesesp. 15
A Model of Economic Sanctionsp. 16
Identifying Cooperation Problemsp. 25
What Explains Cooperation?p. 31
Bandwagoningp. 40
Measuring Cooperation and Explanatory Variablesp. 46
Measurement and Description: The Dependent Variablep. 46
Measurement and Description: Explanatory Variablesp. 54
Estimating Models of Cooperationp. 61
Regression Analysisp. 62
Ordered-Probit Analysisp. 67
Event-Count Analysisp. 74
The Effect of Declining Hegemonyp. 86
Case Studiesp. 93
Human Rights in Latin America: Explaining Unilateral U.S. Sanctionsp. 99
Congress versus the President: U.S. Human-Rights Policy, 1973-76p. 101
The Carter Administrationp. 106
Economic Sanctions and the Multilateral Development Banksp. 111
Attitudes and Responses to U.S. Human-Rights Sanctionsp. 119
Pinochet's Chile: U.S. Leadership or Resistance?p. 124
The Falkland Islands Conflictp. 131
The Falklands Crisis, 1982p. 132
The Falklands and the European Communityp. 138
Sanctions and War: The Case of Irelandp. 153
Responses of the United States, Latin America, and Othersp. 159
Western Technology-Export Controlsp. 169
American, European, and Japanese Views on East-West Technology Transferp. 171
Institutional Coordination of Export Controls: CoComp. 185
Responding to the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, 1980p. 191
Responding to Dissident Trials, 1978p. 198
The Polish Crisis and Gas-Pipeline Sanctionsp. 204
Martial Law in Poland and the Siberian Gas Pipelinep. 206
The Effect of Declining Hegemonyp. 225
Siberian Gas and European Preferencesp. 228
The Grain Embargo: Why It Matteredp. 234
Conclusionp. 241
Explaining International Cooperation on Economic Sanctionsp. 241
Additional Findingsp. 247
Implications for Theories of International Cooperation and Economic Sanctionsp. 248
Notesp. 253
Bibliographyp. 277
Indexp. 293
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691034768
ISBN-10: 0691034761
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 16th January 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.42 x 15.57  x 1.98
Weight (kg): 0.45