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Clouds of Secrecy : the Army's Germ Warfare Tests Over Populated Areas - Leonard A. Cole

Clouds of Secrecy

the Army's Germ Warfare Tests Over Populated Areas

Hardcover Published: 15th February 1989
ISBN: 9780847675791
Number Of Pages: 188

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In the 1970s, Americans learned that for decades they had been unsuspecting guinea pigs in a series of astonishing experiments conducted by the U.S. Army. Military researchers had been secretly spraying clouds of bacteria over populated areas in order to study America's vulnerability to biological weapons. No precautions were taken to protect the millions of people exposed, despite known risks to their health.

Cole's book addresses a serious structural problem of constitutional democracy. It is obvious from a reading ... that the public should demand more protection and Congress should mandate it. Science Clouds of Secrecy focuses on the major issue in our state at this time. I commend it to every Utahan and to every American. -- Professor Edwin Firmage, School of Law, University of Utah ... Through painstaking investigation of participants and publications, he has written not only a real horror story but, even more important, shown how conscientious individuals were led to risk the health and even the lives of fellow Americans in several cities. Poltics and The Life Sciences Cole has produced a penetrating study of the Army's clandestine 20-year biological warfare testing operation... a persuasive case that Army planners knew-or should have known-they were exposing the young, the old and the medically 'compromised' to infections at 239 sites around the country. -- David Wier, New York Times Book Review Cole ... effectively buttresses his arguments with evidence from primary sources and makes a solid, easily readable case for the need for public and congressional oversight. CHOICE

Forewordp. vii
Prefacep. ix
Overview
Clouds of Secrecy: Introductionp. 3
Infecting the Enemy: Biological Warfare in the Past, and the Road to Testingp. 11
Tests and Legacies
Living near Gruinard Islandp. 23
Fort Detrick's Mysteriesp. 32
The Army's Germ Warfare Simulants: How Dangerous Are They?p. 44
Airborne in the U.S.A.: Open Air Vulnerability Tests in Minneapolis, St. Louis, and the New York City Subway Systemp. 59
The Government on Trial
Edward Nevin and the Spraying of San Franciscop. 75
The Trialp. 85
New Fears, Old Responses
Terror or Error: The Yellow Rain Puzzlep. 107
Engineering Genes for Defense: Recombinant DNA Technology and Biological Warfarep. 121
Return to Testing: Field Experiments, the Dugway Issue, and Ethical Questionsp. 136
Worries and Ambiguitiesp. 152
Appendices
Excerpts: "Information for Members of Congress: U.S. Army Activities in the U.S. Biological Warfare Program," March 8, 1977p. 163
Excerpts: Army report included in Hearings before the Senate Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research, March 8 and May 23, 1977p. 167
Excerpts: Reports by Dr. Stephen Weitzman and Dr. J. Mehsen Joseph that refute the army's contentions about the safety of its testing program over populated areasp. 169
Excerpts: Current open air testing from "Biological Defense Program," a report by the Department of Defense, May 1986p. 175
Indexp. 181
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780847675791
ISBN-10: 0847675793
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 188
Published: 15th February 1989
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.83 x 15.14  x 2.18
Weight (kg): 0.49