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Clinical Pre Computer Proforma for the International Computer Database for Radiation Exposure Case Histories - Alexander E. Baranov

Clinical Pre Computer Proforma for the International Computer Database for Radiation Exposure Case Histories

Paperback ISBN: 9783540575962
Number Of Pages: 114

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This book is a questionnaire to record case histories of the acute radiation syndrome in a standardised way. Since the acute radiation syndrome can be considered a rare disease it is deemed necessary to record all accessible case histories world-wide in a standardised form. This questionnaire provides the possibility to describe the signs, symptoms, and therapeutic approaches concerning the acute radiation syndrome. There are few if any comparably comprehensive publications on the acute effects in man of inadvertent exposure to ionising radiation. Completing and returning the questionnaire gives access to the WHO database on the acute radiation syndrome currently built up in Moscow and Ulm. The data in the questionnaire and the database are similar in structure. The database will serve in case of future radiation accidents by providing comparable case histories and for scientific work on the acute radiation syndrome. The questionnaire reflects the conceptual database scheme. It is designed according to ergonomical guidelines and its use is explained by examples.

1. General Data on the Irradiated Patient.- 1.1 Demographic Data.- 1.2 Occupation at the Time of the Accident.- 1.3 History at the Time of the Accident.- 1.4 Institutions Involved in Patient Care and Database Recording.- 1.4.1 Primary Care Institution Keeping the Patient's Medical Records.- 1.4.2 Definitive Care Institution.- 1.4.3 Physician Submitting the Case to the Registry.- 1.4.4 Source of Compilation.- 2. Accident Information and Personal Exposure Conditions.- 2.1 Accident Description.- 2.1.1 Country.- 2.1.2 City.- 2.1.3 Location (Factory etc.) of the Accident.- 2.1.4 Begin and End of the Accident.- 2.1.5 Proprietor of the Radiation Source.- 2.1.6 General Description of the Accident.- 2.1.7 Number of Persons Involved.- 2.1.8 IAEA Nuclear Event Scale.- 2.2 Source of Irradiation.- 2.2.1 Critical Chain Reaction.- 2.2.2 Reactor Accident with Consecutive Emission.- 2.2.3 Nuclear Explosion.- 2.2.4 Sealed Source.- 2.2.5 Unsealed Source.- 2.2.6 X-ray Equipment.- 2.2.7 Accelerators.- 2.2.8 Other Sources than 2.2.1 - 2.2.7.- 2.3 Personal Exposure Conditions.- 2.3.1 Begin and End of Exposure.- 2.3.2 Individual Description of the Accident.- 2.3.3 External Irradiation.- 2.3.4 External Contamination.- 2.3.5 Internal Contamination.- 2.3.6 Evaluation of the Average Total Body Dose.- 2.3.7 Evaluation of Local Doses.- 2.3.8 Evaluation of Doses of Internal Exposure.- 3 Clinical Data After Exposure.- 3.1 Primary Reaction.- 3.1.1 Dyspeptic Symptoms and Enlargement of Parotid Glands.- 3.1.2 Primary Skin Erythema and Hyperaemia of Mucous Membranes.- 3.1.3 General Neurocirculatory Symptoms and Signs.- 3.2 Involvement of the Nervous System and the Eyes.- 3.2.1 Diagnostic Procedures for Central and Peripheral Nervous System.- 3.2.2 Impairment of Central and Peripheral Nervous System.- 3.2.3 Lesions of Eyes.- 3.3 Radiation Induced Lesions of Skin, its Appendices, and Underlying Tissues.- 3.3.1 Diagnostic Procedures.- 3.3.2 Radiation Induced Skin Lesions.- 3.3.3 Disturbances of Nails.- 3.3.4 Epilation.- 3.3.5 Amputation of Extremities.- 3.3.6 Debridement of Necrotic Tissue.- 3.3.7 Reconstructive Surgery due to Dermal Radiation Lesions.- 3.4 Bone Marrow Syndrome and Blood.- 3.4.1 Peripheral Blood Count.- 3.4.2 Peripheral Blood Smear.- 3.4.3 Bone Marrow Examination.- 3.4.4 Cytogenetic Data.- 3.4.5 Biochemical Data.- 3.4.6 Haemostatic Parameters.- 3.4.7 Immunological and Immunohaematological Tests.- 3.4.8 Microbiological Analysis.- 3.4.9 Lesions of Bone Marrow.- 3.5 Radiation Induced Lesions of Gastrointestinal Tract.- 3.5.1 Diagnostic Procedures.- 3.5.2 Faeces Analysis.- 3.5.3 Radiation Mucositis.- 3.5.4 Acute Gastrointestinal Syndrome.- 3.5.5 Stool Characteristics.- 3.6 Organs Especially Sensitive Under Certain Exposure Conditions.- 3.6.1 Lesions of Upper Respiratory Tract and Lung.- 3.6.2 Lesions of the Thyroid Gland.- 3.6.3 Pregnancy.- 3.7 Lesions of Other Organs.- 3.7.1 Lesions of the Kidneys.- 3.7.2 Lesions of the Liver.- 3.7.3 Evaluation of Male Reproductive Function.- 3.7.4 Evaluation of Female Reproductive Function.- 3.7.5 Lesions of Cardio-Vascular System.- 3.7.6 General Physiological Parameters.- 4. Treatment and Drugs.- 4.1 Individual Radiation Protection Measures.- 4.1.1 Application of Personal Radiation Protectants during the Accident.- 4.1.2 Methods (Drugs) of Early Pathogenetical Treatment.- 4.1.3 Decontamination Measures.- 4.1.4 Decorporation Measures.- 4.2 Physical Methods of Treatment.- 4.2.1 Hospitalisation and Protective Environment.- 4.2.2 Locally Reversed Isolation for Bum Treatment.- 4.3 Substituting Therapy by Blood and Blood Products.- 4.3.1 Irradiation of Blood and Blood Products.- 4.3.2 Blood Groups and Alloimmunisation.- 4.3.3 Whole Blood Transfusions.- 4.3.4 Red Blood Cell Transfusions.- 4.3.5 Platelet Transfusions and Thrombocytapheresis.- 4.3.6 White Blood Cell Transfusions.- 4.3.7 Plasma Transfusions and Plasmapheresis.- 4.3.8 Albumin Solution Infusions, Gamma Globulin Substitution and Other Blood Components.- 4.4 Drugs.- 4.5 Haemostimulators.- 4.5.1 Myelopoietic Growth Factors.- 4.5.2 Other Growth Factors.- 4.5.3 Drugs as Leucostimulators.- 4.6 Haemopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.- 5. Clinical Status at the Time of Reporting.- 5.1 Survival Status.- 5.1.1 General Information on the Survival Status.- 5.1.2 Loss of Follow-Up.- 5.1.3 Death of Patient.- 5.1.4 Causes of Death.- 5.2 Clinical Status.- 5.2.1 Time of Evaluation.- 5.2.2 Radiation Related Persisting Haemopoietic Disorders.- 5.2.3 Other Persisting Haemopoietic Disorders.- 5.2.4 Radiation Related Persisting Lesions of Skin and Underlying Tissue.- 5.2.5 Other Persisting Lesions of Skin and Underlying Tissue.- 5.2.6 Radiation Related Persisting Lesions of Other Organs.- 5.2.7 Additional Persisting Lesions of Other Organs.- 5.3 Functional Status.- 5.3.1 Time of Evaluation.- 5.3.2 Karnofsky Performance Score.- 5.3.3 Rehabilitation.- 6. Skin Burns.- 6.1 Burn Score.- 6.2 Localisation Coding - Total Body, Head, Neck and Upper Trunk.- 6.3 Localisation Coding - Arms, Lower Trunk.- 6.4 Localisation Coding - Lower Trunk, Legs.- 6.5 Skin Burns.- 7. Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.- 7.1 Source of Stem Cells.- 7.2 Type of Transplantation.- 7.3 Histocompatibility Tests for Allogeneic Transplantation.- 7.3.1 Typing.- 7.3.2 Donor and Recipient Cells Were Tested for Matching.- 7.4 Donor Information.- 7.4.1 Donor's Demographical Data.- 7.4.2 Donor Relationship and Alloimmunisation History.- 7.4.3 Donor had Serological Evidence of Previous Viral Exposure or Infection.- 7.5 Transplant Manoeuvre.- 7.5.1 Conditioning Therapy prior to Stem Cell Therapy.- 7.5.2 Cells Were Manipulated or Concentrated in vitro.- 7.6 Drugs to Prevent Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD).- 7.7 In vitro and in vivo Removal of Donor T Cells to Prevent GvHD.- 7.8 Evidence for Haemopoietic Engraftment.- 7.9 Overall Evaluation of Engraftment.- 7.10 Graft-versus-Host Disease.- 7.11 Specific Therapy for GvHD.- 8. Annexes.- 8.1 IAEA International nuclear event scale.- 8.2 Conversion of Non-SI to SI Units.- 8.3 Orders of Magnitude.- 8.4 Karnofsky Scale for Rating Activity Status.- 8.5 References.- 8.6 Normal Values of Laboratory Parameters.- 8.7 Pages for copying.- 8.7.1 Symptoms and Signs.- 8.7.2 Laboratory Values (left & right).- 8.7.3 Normal Values.- 8.7.4 Antibiogramm (left).- 8.7.5 Antibiogramm (right).

ISBN: 9783540575962
ISBN-10: 3540575960
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 114
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 29.69 x 21.01  x 0.74
Weight (kg): 0.34