Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, First Course of the International School of Climatology, Erice, Sicily, Italy, March 9-21, 1980
I - Mathematical and Physical Basis of Climate.- The climate system and its portrayal by climate models: a review of basic principles. I. Physical basis of climate.- Climatic changes and variations: a geophysical problem.- The memory of the Ocean.- Surface albedo.- Glacial to interglacial changes in ocean and atmosphere chemistry.- II - Mathematical Techniques in Climate Reconstruction and Data Banks.- Transfer functions: calibrating micropaleontological data in climatic terms.- Statistical climatic reconstructions from tree-ring widths.- Data banks for climatological purposes.- III - Facts: Reconstruction of Past Climates.- Section 1 - Long-term climatic changes.- Palaeoclimatology before our ice age.- Oxygen isotope studies and Quaternary marine climates.- Palaeo-climatic studies on ice cores.- Pleistocene climates on land.- Tropical climate variations during Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene.- Section 2 - Climates in historical times and instrumental period.- Climate of the last 1000 years.- Long series of temperature and precipitation in Europe.- Central England and De Bilt series.- Temperature changes in the last 100 years.- Variability of weather over approximately the last century.- Glacier behaviour and recent changes in Alpine climate.- Section 3 - Atmospheric circulation and case studies of climatic variations.- Atmospheric circulation and climatic change. I. Approaches to paleoclimatic reconstruction.- Atmospheric circulation and climatic change. II. Case studies.- Meteorological aspects of the 1975-76 drought in Western Europe.- Case studies of exceptional climate in United States 1975-1979 and air-sea interactions.- Sahel droughts: recent climatic fluctuations in North Africa and the Mediterranean.- IV - Theories of Climatic Variations and Their Modelling.- Section 1 - Spectrum.- Spectrum of climatic variations and possible causes.- Section 2 - Modelling.- The climate system and its portrayal by climate models: a review of basic principles. II. Modeling of climate and climatic change.- Energy-balance models: an introduction.- Construction and verification of stochastic climate models.- Section 3 - Theories.- Astronomical theory of paleoclimates.- Time-dependent models of the climatic response to orbital variations.- Internal climatic mechanisms participating in glaciation cycles.- Solar activity and climate.- Atmospheric aerosols and global climate.- V - Man's Impact on Climate.- Awareness of mankind as a factor in climatic change.- The carbon cycle.- The impact of energy production on atmospheric CO2-concentrations.- CO2 and climate - a continuing story.- Scenarios of cold and warm periods of the past.- Air pollution effects on climate at urban scale.- VI - Climate Impacts on Man.- Some impacts of desertification processes on the local and regional climate.- Climatic impacts on agriculture, water resources and economy.- VII - Summary-Review of the Lectures.- Techniques for reconstructing past climates.- Climate modelling.- Man's impact upon climate.
Series: NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series. Series C, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, V. 72
Number Of Pages: 795
Published: June 2010
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5
Weight (kg): 1.38