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Climate Change in the Polar Regions - John Turner

Climate Change in the Polar Regions

Hardcover Published: May 2011
ISBN: 9780521850100
Number Of Pages: 448

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The polar regions have experienced some remarkable environmental changes in recent decades, such as the Antarctic ozone hole, the loss of large amounts of sea ice from the Arctic Ocean and major warming on the Antarctic Peninsula.

The polar regions are also predicted to warm more than any other region on Earth over the next century if greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise. Yet trying to separate natural climate variability from anthropogenic factors still presents many problems.

This book presents a thorough review of how the polar climates have changed over the last million years and sets recent changes within a long term perspective. The approach taken is highly cross-disciplinary and the close links between the atmosphere, ocean and ice at high latitudes are stressed.

The volume will be invaluable for researchers and advanced students in polar science, climatology, global change, meteorology, oceanography and glaciology.

About the Author

John Turner is a research scientist at the British Antarctic Survey in Cambridge, UK where he leads a project investigating recent Antarctic climate change and how it may change over the next century. He has had a long involvement with the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR): he was the Chief Officer of the Physical Sciences Standing Scientific Group from 2002 to 2006 and chaired the steering committee of the SCAR programme on Antarctica and the Global Climate System from 2005 to 2008.

Gareth Marshall is a climatologist at the British Antarctic Survey where he is the climate programme coordinator. He has worked at BAS since 1995 after completing his PhD at the University of Cambridge. His research has included field work in both polar regions and he has contributed to more than 50 scientific papers.

Industry Reviews

'Both authors have extensive experience of the Antarctic regions from the course of their work for the British Antarctic Survey, and this experience and knowledge is clearly present in the book.' IEA Greenhouse Gas Programme

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
The environment of the polar regionsp. 1
The role of the polar regions in the global climate systemp. 9
Possible implications of high latitude climate changep. 12
Polar climate data and modelsp. 16
Introductionp. 16
Instrumental observationsp. 17
Meteorological analysis fieldsp. 28
Remotely sensed datap. 36
Proxy climate datap. 42
Modelsp. 51
The high latitude climates and mechanisms of changep. 61
Introductionp. 61
Factors influencing the broadscale climates of the polar regionsp. 63
Processes of the high latitude climatesp. 71
The mechanisms of high latitude climate changep. 80
Atmospheric circulationp. 114
Temperaturep. 126
Cloud and precipitationp. 132
Sea icep. 142
The ocean circulationp. 154
Concluding remarksp. 161
The last million yearsp. 162
Introductionp. 162
The Arcticp. 164
The Antarcticp. 181
Linking high latitude climate change in the two hemispheresp. 190
The Holocenep. 194
Introductionp. 194
Forcing of the climate system during the Holocenep. 197
Atmospheric circulationp. 202
Temperaturep. 207
The ocean circulationp. 234
Sea ice and sea surface temperaturesp. 238
Atmospheric gases and aerosolsp. 245
The cryosphere, precipitation and sea levelp. 247
Concluding remarksp. 254
The instrumental periodp. 256
Introductionp. 256
The main meteorological elementsp. 257
Changes in the atmospheric circulationp. 270
The ocean environmentp. 280
Sea icep. 289
Snow coverp. 299
Permafrostp. 307
Atmospheric gases and aerosolsp. 315
Terrestrial ice and sea levelp. 320
Attribution of recent changesp. 331
Concluding remarksp. 334
Predictions for the next 100 yearsp. 336
Introductionp. 336
Possible future greenhouse gas emission scenarios and the IPCC modelsp. 337
Changes in the atmospheric circulation and the modes of climate variabilityp. 340
The main meteorological elementsp. 344
The ocean circulation and water massesp. 353
Sea icep. 356
Seasonal snow cover and the terrestrial environmentp. 361
Permafrostp. 362
Atmospheric gases and aerosolsp. 364
Terrestrial ice, the ice shelves and sea levelp. 366
Concluding remarksp. 372
Summary and future research needsp. 374
Introductionp. 374
Gaining improved understanding of past climate changep. 374
Modelling the high latitude climate systemp. 381
Data requiredp. 382
Concluding remarksp. 385
Referencesp. 386
Indexp. 428
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521850100
ISBN-10: 052185010X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 448
Published: May 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.7 x 17.526  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.021

Earn 654 Qantas Points
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