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Classical Modern Philosophy : A Contemporary Introduction - Jeffrey Tlumak

Classical Modern Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction

Hardcover

Published: 21st November 2006
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Classical Modern Philosophy introduces students to the key philosophers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and explores their most important works. Jeffrey Tlumak takes the reader on a chronological journey from Descartes to Kant, tracing the themes that run through the period and their interrelations. The main texts covered are:


  • Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy

  • Spinoza's Ethics

  • Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding

  • Leibniz's Discourse on Metaphysics and Monadology

  • Berkeley's A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous

  • Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

  • Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

Classical Modern Philosophy is the ideal textbook to accompany a course in the history of modern philosophy, but each chapter can also be studied alone as an introduction to the featured philosopher or work. Jeffrey Tlumak outlines and assesses prominent interpretations of the texts, and surveys the legacy of each great thinker.

'This is the ideal text for undergraduate courses in early modern philosophy. Tlumak's account of these philosophers is accurate, thorough, and concise, and written in a clear and accessible style.' "- ""James Baillie, University of Portland, USA" 'The book is impressively researched and rich in detail. There are no books on the market that rival this in terms of breadth and depth. It will be crucial reading for those encountering the philosophy of the modern period for the first time, as well for more advanced students.' - "Andrew Chignell, Cornell University, USA "

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Descartes and the Rise of Modern Philosophyp. 1
Background to Descartes' Meditationsp. 2
Descartes' innovations in how philosophy is writtenp. 10
Lead-in to the First Meditationp. 13
The First Meditationp. 15
The Second Meditationp. 22
The Third Meditationp. 32
The Fourth Meditationp. 38
The Fifth Meditationp. 47
The Sixth Meditationp. 59
A summary of Cartesian commitmentsp. 66
Topical highlights from Descartes' correspondencep. 69
Questions about Descartesp. 71
Transition to the remainder of the bookp. 74
Some recommended booksp. 75
Spinozap. 77
Overview of Spinoza's philosophy and lifep. 77
Ethics Part I: On the nature of the universep. 80
Ethics Part II: On the nature and origin of the mindp. 88
Ethics Part III: On the nature and origin of actions and passionsp. 95
Ethics Part IV: On the burdens of human existence and the ways to overcome themp. 98
Ethics Part V: On the power of reason to liberate us to live blessedlyp. 100
Questions about Spinozap. 102
Some recommended booksp. 104
Lockep. 106
An overview of Locke's outlook in the Essayp. 106
Essay Book I: Locke's anti-innatist strategyp. 109
Essay Book II: Perception as the basis for all thinkingp. 110
Test Case One: Thinking about powerp. 114
Test Case Two: Thinking about substancep. 116
Test Case Three: Thinking about identityp. 118
Essay Book III: Expressing thought in languagep. 122
Essay Book IV: Knowledge and opinionp. 125
Questions about Lockep. 128
Some recommended booksp. 131
Leibnizp. 133
Background to Leibniz's philosophyp. 133
Overview of Leibniz's philosophyp. 136
How the Discourse on Metaphysics and the Monadology are structuredp. 138
Understanding Leibniz's metaphysics by way of his defense of contingencyp. 141
Understanding the debate about what things for Leibniz are substancesp. 155
Understanding the debate about Leibniz's essentialismp. 158
Understanding what it means for the world to be the best possiblep. 159
Understanding debates about relations among key Leibnizian thesesp. 164
Space and time as relations among phenomenap. 166
Key elements of Leibniz's epistemologyp. 169
Questions about Leibnizp. 171
Some recommended booksp. 173
Berkeleyp. 174
Overview of approach to the Principlesp. 174
Structure of the Principlesp. 176
A fuller analysis of four key argumentsp. 180
Structure of the Three Dialoguesp. 186
A mini-glossary to aid interpretationp. 189
Questions about Berkeleyp. 190
Some recommended booksp. 191
Humep. 193
Main alternatives for interpreting Humep. 193
An outline of the first Enquiryp. 195
Enquiry Sections I-III: Basic principles and materials of the understandingp. 196
Enquiry Sections IV-VII: The basis for all factual thinkingp. 199
Enquiry Section VIII: Implications for freedom and moralityp. 201
Enquiry Section X: Implications for religion based on miraclesp. 205
Treatise: Overview and key elements of Book I, on the understandingp. 208
A famous perplexity about how to read Treatise Book Ip. 213
Treatise: Key elements of Book II, on the passionsp. 221
Treatise: Key elements of Book III, on moralityp. 225
Dialogues: Overview and stage-setting Part Ip. 226
Dialogues Parts II-VIII: Design argument for natural religionp. 230
Dialogues Part IX: Cosmological, a priori proof of theismp. 232
Dialogues Parts X-XI: Evil as challenge to theismp. 234
Dialogues Part XII: Guides to deciding Hume's overall messagep. 237
Questions about Humep. 238
Some recommended booksp. 242
Kantp. 244
The central strand of Kant's argumentp. 244
A precis of the Critique of Pure Reasonp. 249
Prefaces and Introduction: Clarifying the projectp. 250
Transcendental Aesthetic: How we receive datap. 254
Transcendental Analytic: How we understand datap. 258
Transcendental Dialectic: How we fundamentally misapply thoughtp. 278
Exploration of pivotal stages of Kant's argumentp. 291
My general orientation to the Critiquep. 291
A fuller analysis of introductory materialp. 295
A fuller analysis of the Aestheticp. 300
A fuller analysis of the Analytic of Conceptsp. 303
A fuller analysis of the Analytic of Principlesp. 312
The transition from the Analytic to the Dialecticp. 320
A fuller analysis of the Transcendental Dialecticp. 324
The transition from theoretical to practical philosophyp. 330
The philosophical foundations for moral theoryp. 333
Kant on philosophical methodp. 342
The Prolegomena's relation to the Critiquep. 343
Questions about Kantp. 345
Some recommended booksp. 348
Bibliographyp. 353
Indexp. 357
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415275927
ISBN-10: 041527592X
Series: Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 366
Published: 21st November 2006
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.28 x 16.1  x 2.67
Weight (kg): 0.7
Edition Number: 1