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Civil Rights Since 1787 : A Reader - Jonathan Birnbaum

Civil Rights Since 1787

A Reader

By: Jonathan Birnbaum (Editor), Clarence Taylor (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st June 2000
ISBN: 9780814782491
Number Of Pages: 936

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Read the Introduction . "Jonathan Birnbaum and Clarence Taylor have plumbed historical documents to produce a study that has both truth and urgency. . . . You could not do better than this book." --Jewish Currents Winner of the 2001 Gustavus Myers Program Book Award. "As a reference book,Civil Rights Since 1787serves as an outstanding source. The book gives a lucid account of the history ofinstitutional slavery and racism in America that is all too oftenperplexing when presented by educational texts." --Chicago Streetwise"An unusually challenging illumination of our still very unfinished history of equal protection of the laws. No classroom, library, or legislature at any level should be without it, and nearly everyone will want to argue with parts of it."--Nat Hentoff, author of Living the Bill of Rights and Free Speech for Me--But Not for Thee"Civil Rights Since 1787 is one of those rare documentary collections that rewrites history. Birnbaum and Taylor not only take a long and wide view of the movement, but they persuasively re-define civil rights to encompass many criticle struggles for social justice. This book is indispensable."--Robin D.G. Kelley, author of Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class"This is a particularly valuable collection, an excellent reader on the struggle for racial equality."--Howard Zinn, author of A People's History of the United States". . .Ollman's and Birnbaum's book is a good measure of the essential core of progressive politics--and a particularly welcome one at this juncture."--Monthly ReviewContrary to simple textbook tales, the civil rights movement did not arise spontaneously in 1954 with the landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision. The black struggle for civil rights can be traced back to the arrival of the first Africans, and to their work in the plantations, manufacturies, and homes of the Americas. Civil rights was thus born as labor history.Civil Rights Since 1787tells the story of that struggle in its full context, dividing the struggle into six major periods, from slavery to Reconstruction, from segregation to the Second Reconstruction, and from the current backlash to the future prospects for a Third Reconstruction. The "prize" that the movement has sought has often been reduced to a quest for the vote in the South. But all involved in the struggle have always known that the prize is much more than the vote, that the goal is economic as well as political. Further, in distinction from other work,Civil Rights Since 1787establishes the links between racial repression and the repression of labor and the left, and emphasizes the North as a region of civil rights struggle.Featuring the voices and philosophies of orators, activists, and politicians, this anthology emphasizes the role of those ignored by history, as well as the part that education and religion have played in the movement.Civil Rights Since 1787serves up an informative mix of primary documents and secondary analysis and includes the work of such figures as Ella Baker, Mary Frances Berry, Clayborne Carson, Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. DuBois, Eric Foner, Herb Gutman, Fannie Lou Hamer, A. Leon Higginbotham, Darlene Clark Hine, Jesse Jackson, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Manning Marable, Nell Painter, Frances Fox Piven and Richard Cloward, A. Philip Randolph, Mary Church Terrell, and Howard Zinn. Table of Contents Introduction: It Didn't Start in 1954 Jonathan Birnbaum and Clarence TaylorPart i: Slavery: America's First Compromise 1 Introduction: Original Sin Jonathan Birnbaum and Clarence Taylor2 The International Slave Trade Philip Foner3 Slavery, the Constitution, and the Founding Fathers Mary Fra

"Civil Rights Since 1787 is one of those rare documentary collections that rewrites history. Birnbaum and Taylor not only take a long and wide view of the movement, but they persuasively re-define civil rights to encompass many criticle struggles for social justice. This book is indispensable."
-Robin D.G. Kelley, author of Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class

Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
Introduction: It Didn't Start in 1954p. 1
Slavery: America's First Compromise
Introduction: Original Sinp. 7
The International Slave Tradep. 9
Slavery, the Constitution, and the Founding Fathersp. 16
Our Pro-Slavery Constitutionp. 24
Slave Religion, Rebellion, and Docilityp. 29
1787 Petition for Equal Educational Facilitiesp. 35
The Abolitionist Movementp. 36
Too Long Have Others Spoken for Usp. 41
Education for Black Womenp. 45
Walker's Appealp. 47
On African Rights and Libertyp. 50
The Liberator: Opening Editorialp. 53
An Address to the Slaves of the United Statesp. 55
Free Blacks and Suffragep. 58
Silencing Debate: The Congressional Gag Rulep. 59
Equality before the Lawp. 60
Free Blacks and the Fugitive Slave Actp. 66
The Fugitive Slave Lawp. 70
What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?p. 74
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)p. 78
Illinois No Longer a Free Statep. 83
Literacy, Slavery, and Religionp. 85
Who Freed the Slaves?p. 90
Reconstruction
Introduction: The Second American Revolutionp. 101
The Second American Revolutionp. 103
Schools for Freedomp. 109
The Southern Black Churchp. 116
Forty Acres and a Mule: Special Field Order No. 15p. 118
A Proposal for Reconstructionp. 121
Woman's Rightsp. 127
Woman Suffragep. 130
Black Women during Reconstructionp. 131
Southern Discomfortp. 135
The Ku Klux Klan Conspiracyp. 138
Black Workers and Republicans in the Southp. 141
The Reconstruction Mythp. 150
The Impeachment of President Andrew Johnsonp. 154
Segregation
Introduction: Separate and Unequalp. 161
The Repression of Free Blacks
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)p. 165
Newspapers on Plessy v. Fergusonp. 170
How Disenfranchisement Was Accomplishedp. 172
Lynchingp. 177
The Atlanta Massacrep. 181
The Race War in the Northp. 184
Jim Crow and the Limits of Freedom, 1890-1940p. 190
Blacks and the First Red Scarep. 199
The Second Klanp. 203
The Black and Progressive Response
Black Workers from Reconstruction to the Great Depressionp. 215
The Atlanta Addressp. 222
Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Othersp. 226
Report of the 1900 Pan-African Conferencep. 232
The Niagara Movement Declaration of Principlesp. 234
The Task for the Futurep. 238
Returning Soldiersp. 242
Lynching a Domestic Question?p. 244
Address to President Wilsonp. 246
The Higher Education of Womenp. 249
Black Women and the Right to Votep. 252
Woman Suffrage and the Fifteenth Amendmentp. 260
Woman Suffrage and the Negrop. 262
The Great Migrationp. 264
Migration and Political Powerp. 267
The Objectives of the Universal Negro Improvement Associationp. 268
The Garvey Milieup. 274
The Scottsboro Casep. 278
Women and Lynchingp. 280
Blacks and the New Dealp. 283
Mary McLeod Bethune and the Black Cabinetp. 287
Marian Anderson, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the D.A.R.p. 290
Blacks and the CIOp. 292
The Harlem Bus Boycott of 1941p. 298
The March on Washington Movementp. 303
Executive Order 8802: Establishing the FEPCp. 307
The Sharecroppers' Talep. 309
The "Double V" Campaignp. 315
Nazi and Dixie Nordicsp. 318
The Civil Rights Congressp. 321
The Second Reconstruction
Introduction: The Modern Civil Rights Movementp. 327
The Legal Strategy
Charles Hamilton Houston and the NAACP Legal Strategyp. 333
The NAACP and Brownp. 341
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)p. 349
Mississippi Murdersp. 355
Labor Days
Labor, Radicals, and the Civil Rights Movementp. 363
Migration and Electoral Politicsp. 383
To Secure These Rightsp. 388
Executive Order 9981: Barring Segregation in the Armed Forcesp. 394
The Second Red Scare: The Cold War in Black Americap. 396
Remembering Jackie Robinsonp. 409
Paul Robeson and the House Un-American Activities Committeep. 412
The Highlander Schoolp. 416
If the Negro Wins, Labor Winsp. 421
CORE and the Pacifist Roots of Civil Rightsp. 428
The Churches' Hour
The Baton Rouge Bus Boycottp. 435
Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycottp. 443
The Social Organization of Nonviolencep. 457
SCLC and "The Beloved Community"p. 461
On King's Influences and Borrowingsp. 464
Women and Community Leadershipp. 467
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committeep. 472
SNCC Statement of Purposep. 474
Suppose Not Negroes but Men of Property Were Being Beaten in Mississippip. 475
Letter from Birmingham City Jailp. 477
Television Address on Civil Rightsp. 490
What Really Happened at the March on Washington?p. 493
Which Side Is the Federal Government On?p. 501
I Have a Dreamp. 504
Movie Myths about Mississippi Summerp. 508
Freedom Schoolsp. 511
The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Partyp. 517
Testimony before the 1964 DNC Credentials Committeep. 521
Civil Rights and Black Protest Musicp. 524
From Protest to Politicsp. 528
The Selma Movement and the Voting Rights Act of 1965p. 539
Address on Voting Rightsp. 546
Economic Justice: The North Has Problems Too
Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disordersp. 553
The Watts Uprisingp. 555
The Great Societyp. 561
The SCLC and Chicagop. 565
Resurrection City and the Poor People's Campaignp. 574
The Welfare Rights Movementp. 580
Black Power
We Must Have Justicep. 587
The Ballot or the Bulletp. 589
Malcolm and Martin: A Common Solutionp. 604
What We Wantp. 611
The Black Panther Party Ten-Point Programp. 615
The Black Panther Partyp. 618
Women and the Black Panther Partyp. 621
Black Power and Laborp. 624
Electoral and Street Politics
The Nixon Administration and Civil Rightsp. 631
The Gary Black Political Convention of 1972p. 635
Police Violence and Riotsp. 641
Rodney King, Police Brutality, and Riotsp. 645
Black Power in the Age of Jacksonp. 649
Race and the Democratsp. 655
Mississippi Abolishes Slaveryp. 659
Undercounting Minoritiesp. 661
The Color of Moneyp. 663
Discrimination: Ongoing Examples
The Possessive Investment in Whitenessp. 669
Discrimination and Racism Continuep. 679
Education's "Savage Inequalities"p. 684
Shopping While Blackp. 688
Environmental Racismp. 692
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action and Historyp. 697
The Great White Mythp. 700
How the Press Frames Affirmative Actionp. 702
Position Paper on Affirmative Actionp. 708
Backlash Redux
Introduction: Redemption IIp. 717
The Roots of Backlash
The Southern Manifestop. 721
George Wallace and the Roots of Modern Republicanismp. 725
Segregation Foreverp. 731
The Southern Strategyp. 735
The Nixon That Black Folks Knewp. 742
The FBI, COINTELPRO, and the Repression of Civil Rightsp. 745
The Urban Fiscal Crisis and the Rebirth of Conservatismp. 753
Boston's Battle over Busingp. 759
Backlash
The Tax Revoltp. 779
Campus Racism and the Reagan Budget Cutsp. 780
The War against the Poorp. 785
David Duke and the Southern Strategyp. 792
The Civil Rights Act of 1991p. 794
How "Welfare" Became a Dirty Wordp. 798
Lazy Lies about Welfarep. 803
Race and the "New Democrats"p. 805
Defunding the Congressional Black Caucusp. 817
Vouchers, the Right, and the Race Cardp. 819
The Prison Industrial Complexp. 823
Felony Disenfranchisementp. 829
Chain Gang Bluesp. 831
Breaking Thurgood Marshall's Promisep. 836
Toward a Third Reconstruction
Introduction: Where Do We Go from Here?p. 843
Time for a Third Reconstructionp. 846
Toward a New Protest Paradigmp. 849
Why Inter-Ethnic Anti-Racism Matters Nowp. 853
How the New Working Class Can Transform Urban Americap. 856
What Works to Reduce Inequality?p. 862
A Workers' Bill of Rightsp. 864
A Ten-Point Planp. 866
Both Race and Class: A Time for Angerp. 868
Fear of a Black Feminist Planetp. 874
Response to the Million Man Marchp. 878
What Farrakhan Left Outp. 880
Clean-Money Campaign Finance Reformp. 883
Proportional Representationp. 885
We Can Educate All Our Childrenp. 890
Algebra as Civil Rights: An Interview with Bob Mosesp. 896
Pulpit Politics: Religion and the Black Radical Traditionp. 899
Some Truths Are Not Self-Evidentp. 904
We Don't Need Another Dr. Kingp. 907
Indexp. 909
About the Editorsp. 943
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780814782491
ISBN-10: 0814782493
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 936
Published: 1st June 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 4.8
Weight (kg): 1.63