Democracy is unlikely to develop or to endure unless military and other security forces are controlled by democratic institutions and necessary safeguards, checks and balances are in place.
The result of a 2-year research project managed under the auspices of the European Group on Armed Forces and Society (ERGOMAS) and the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), this comparative study examines how contemporary European states, both mature Western democracies and emerging democracies of post-communist Europe, manage the issue of how best to control the very institution that has been established for their protection and wields the monopoly of legitimate force.
This volume contains 28 case studies from 14 countries: the Czech Republic, Germany, Georgia, France, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro, Switzerland, and the Ukraine. The studies cover a variety of situation from corruption to military incompetence, disobedience towards civilian superiors, lack of expertise among civilians, to unauthorized strikes and accidents. They focus on the relationship between political, civilian and military actors while identifying problems and dangers that can emerge in those relations to the detriment of effective and legitimate democratic control.
This book will be of much interest to students of Civil-Military Relations, military sociology, IR and strategic studies.
|List of figures and tables||p. x|
|Civilians and the military in Europe||p. 3|
|Transition states||p. 19|
|Stressed and strained civil-military relations in Romania, but successfully reforming||p. 21|
|Differentia specifica: military reform in the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia||p. 35|
|The impact of conflict and corruption on Macedonia's civil-military relations||p. 48|
|Political irresponsibility and lack of transparency in Ukrainian defence reform||p. 62|
|Striving for effective parliamentary control over the armed forces in Georgia||p. 79|
|Consolidating democracies||p. 95|
|Problems confronting civilian democratic control in Poland||p. 97|
|Civil-military relations in Hungary: from competition to co-operation||p. 114|
|Executive decisions and divisions: disputing competences in civil-military relations in Slovenia||p. 130|
|Modernisation of the Czech armed forces: no walk through a rose garden||p. 147|
|A battle for civil supremacy over the military in Israel||p. 163|
|Established democracies||p. 175|
|The military voice in France: on the streets and in the newspapers||p. 177|
|Democratic control of the Swiss militia in times of war and peace: ideal and reality||p. 191|
|International prestige and domestic democratic values in civil-military conflicts: two Irish case studies||p. 202|
|His master's voice? Freedom of speech and the German Citizen in Uniform||p. 217|
|Patterns of democratic governance of civil-military relations||p. 235|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: Cass Military Studies
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 278
Published: 1st April 2006
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.52 x 16.1 x 2.18
Weight (kg): 0.59
Edition Number: 1