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Cities on the Move : A World Bank Urban Transport Strategy Review - Ken Gwilliam

Cities on the Move

A World Bank Urban Transport Strategy Review

Paperback Published: 3rd September 2002
ISBN: 9780821351482
Number Of Pages: 232

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The urban population in many developing countries continues to grow at more than six percent per year. The number of cities with a population of over 10 million inhabitants is expected to double within a generation. More importantly, within a generation, more than half of the developing world's population and between a third and one-half of its poor, will then reside in cities. Not only will the number of inhabitants in cities continue to increase but the problems associated with an increasing urban population will be exacerbated. This strategy paper connects the urban and transport strategies with a focus on poverty. It concentrates on the problems of the very poor, not only in relation to income, but also in terms of the broader dimensions of social exclusion. The objectives of this book are to offer a better common understanding of urban transportation problems in developing and transitional economies and to identify an urban transport strategy framework for national and city governments.

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Abbreviations and Acronyms, Cities and Countriesp. ix
Executive Summaryp. xi
Context for the Reviewp. 1
Urban Transport and City Developmentp. 5
Urban Transport and City Efficiencyp. 5
Sources of Declining Urban Transport Performancep. 8
Urban Transport in City Development Strategiesp. 11
Development Strategies for Making Urban Transport More Efficientp. 12
Coordinating Sector Policies in City Development Strategiesp. 21
Conclusions: A Strategy for Urban Transport in City Developmentp. 22
Notesp. 23
Urban Transport and Poverty Reductionp. 25
Urban Poverty and Social Exclusionp. 25
Transport Patterns of the Urban Poorp. 25
Pro-Poor Economic Growth and Poverty Reductionp. 28
Focusing Infrastructure Policiesp. 29
Public Transport Service Planning for the Urban Poorp. 32
Fare Policies, Subsidies, and Budget Constraintsp. 34
Conclusions: A Strategy for Poverty-Focused Urban Transportp. 36
Notesp. 37
Transport and the Urban Environmentp. 39
The Scale of the Issuep. 39
Global Warmingp. 40
Noise and Other Disturbancesp. 42
Urban Air Pollutionp. 42
Conclusions: A Strategy for Urban Transport and Environmentp. 60
Notesp. 61
Urban Transport Safety and Securityp. 65
The Scale of the Issuep. 65
Safetyp. 66
Securityp. 72
Conclusions: A Strategy for Urban Transport Safety and Securityp. 75
Notesp. 76
The Urban Road Systemp. 77
Elements of Road Strategyp. 77
Road Maintenancep. 77
Traffic Managementp. 79
Demand Managementp. 83
Infrastructure Provisionp. 84
Poverty Focusp. 88
Conclusions: A Strategy for Roadsp. 90
Notesp. 91
Public Road Passenger Transportp. 93
The Urban Bus Sectorp. 93
Conclusions: Toward a Strategy for Public Transportp. 106
Notesp. 107
Mass Rapid Transitp. 109
The Scale of the Issuep. 109
Objectives and Role of Mass Rapid Transit within the City Development Strategyp. 110
Relationship to Urban Structure and Land Usep. 111
Mass Rapid Transit and the Urban Environmentp. 111
Choice of Mass Rapid Transit Technologyp. 112
Ownership and Financingp. 117
Public Transport Integrationp. 121
Pricingp. 121
Conclusions: Toward a Strategy for Mass Rapid Transitp. 122
Notesp. 123
The Role of Nonmotorized Transportp. 125
The Importance of Nonmotorized Transportp. 125
Walking Is Transportp. 126
Walking on Wheelsp. 126
The Policy Packagep. 128
Municipal Institutions and Organizationp. 132
Conclusions: A Strategy for Nonmotorized Transportp. 134
Notesp. 134
Urban Transport Pricing and Financep. 135
The Role of Prices in Urban Transportp. 135
Charging for the Use of Infrastructurep. 135
Public Transport Pricing and Financep. 141
Urban Transport Financingp. 146
Conclusions: A Strategy for Urban Transport Pricing and Financingp. 150
Notesp. 151
Strengthening Urban Transport Institutionsp. 153
The Importance of Institutionsp. 153
Major Institutional Weaknessesp. 154
Organizational Optionsp. 156
Capacity Buildingp. 165
Conclusions: A Strategy for Institutional Reform in Urban Transportp. 167
Notesp. 168
Meeting the Development Challenges: How Can the Bank Contribute?p. 169
Development Challengesp. 169
Strengthening the Focus on Povertyp. 170
Facilitating Decentralizationp. 171
Mobilizing Private Participationp. 173
Increasing Transport Safety and Securityp. 175
Protecting the Environmentp. 176
Conclusionsp. 179
Notesp. 182
Urban Transport Portfolio in the World Bankp. 183
Urban Transport Projects under Preparation and Implementation as of February 26, 2002p. 183
Special Project Featuresp. 187
Urban Portfolio: Project Cost and World Bank Group Loan and Grant Amount Allocationp. 190
Bibliographyp. 193
Indexp. 201
Tables
A Categorization of City Circumstancesp. 7
Estimates of External Costs of Road Transportp. 9
Poverty-Focused Urban Transport Interventions: Road Infrastructurep. 30
Income of Users of Rail Systems in Brazilp. 31
Poverty Impacts of Interventions: Rail Infrastructure and Managementp. 32
Average Income of Users by Transport Modep. 33
A Poverty-Focused Agenda: Public Transport Service Planningp. 35
Poverty-Focused Urban Transport Interventions: Finance Strategiesp. 37
Functions and Responsibilities of a Typical Traffic Management Agencyp. 82
Typical Functional Classification of Road and Path Networksp. 86
Efficiency of Bus Operations in Delhi, 1995p. 94
A Classification of Informal (Noncorporate) Urban Transport Operationsp. 102
Performance and Cost of Some Typical Mass Rapid Transit Systemsp. 113
Variation of Cost in Recent Metro Contractsp. 117
Financial Performance of Some Metro Systemsp. 118
Allocation of Strategic Functionsp. 154
Professional Organization for Municipal Transport Functionsp. 158
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821351482
ISBN-10: 0821351486
Series: Other World Bank Bks.
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 232
Published: 3rd September 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 27.13 x 21.49  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 0.53

Earn 151 Qantas Points
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