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Chronic Childhood Disease : An Introduction to Psychological Theory and Research - Christine Eiser

Chronic Childhood Disease

An Introduction to Psychological Theory and Research

Paperback Published: 26th November 1990
ISBN: 9780521386821
Number Of Pages: 188

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The author draws extensively on the published research findings in child health psychology, and also on her own experience of working with pediatric medical and nursing staff. The emphasis throughout her book is on coping, and helping families to cope, with the stresses imposed by chronic childhood illness. Frequent hospital admissions, pain and its evaluation and control, adjustment and sources of support, communication, education and programs for intervention, all of these topics are discussed sensitively and with authority.

"...a useful contribution to classroom, clinic, and laboratory for students and researchers. Its selective development of ideas more than compensates for its slightly pedantic tone. It is challenging and rewarding." James E. Lindemann, Contemporary Psychology "...a valuable resource for the pediatric nephrology nursing practitioner." Cyrena Gilman, ANNA Journal

Prefacep. ix
Psychological perspectives in chronic childhood diseasep. 1
Introductionp. 1
Integration with developmental psychologyp. 3
Integration of research and clinical practicep. 6
Overviewp. 8
Admission to hospitalp. 11
Introductionp. 11
Psychological impact of admissionp. 14
Preparation for hospitalp. 17
Preparation of well childrenp. 18
Evaluations of well child programmesp. 20
Preparation of acutely sick childrenp. 21
The role of parentsp. 25
Conclusionsp. 26
The nature of painp. 28
Introductionp. 28
The measurement and assessment of painp. 29
Distinctions between measurement and assessmentp. 30
Measurement of painp. 30
Cognitive or self-report methodsp. 30
Behavioural methodsp. 31
Physiological methodsp. 33
Assessment of painp. 33
Developmental changes in understanding and experience of painp. 34
Definitions and understanding of painp. 34
Symptom-reportingp. 36
Coping strategiesp. 36
Intervention strategiesp. 38
Relaxationp. 38
Puppet therapyp. 38
Hypnosisp. 39
Coping with stress-inoculationp. 40
Conclusionsp. 41
Adjustment in the child with chronic diseasep. 42
Introductionp. 42
The incidence of 'maladjustment' in chronically sick childrenp. 44
Problems of definitionp. 44
Methodological issuesp. 45
Theoretical approachesp. 46
Population-based researchp. 48
Asthmap. 49
Birth defectsp. 51
Cancerp. 51
Diabetesp. 53
Haemophiliap. 53
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritisp. 54
Renal diseasep. 56
Sickle-cell anaemiap. 56
Spina bifidap. 57
Studies involving more than one disease groupp. 57
Conclusionsp. 58
Adjustment in the familyp. 61
Introductionp. 61
Knowledgep. 62
Variables which determine maternal adjustmentp. 63
Risk factorsp. 64
Disease and disability parametersp. 64
Resistance factorsp. 67
Family environmentp. 67
Social supportp. 68
Marital adjustmentp. 69
General correlates of coping in familiesp. 70
Siblingsp. 72
Family communication and interactionp. 74
Conclusionsp. 76
Communication and educationp. 78
Introductionp. 78
The communication of 'bad news'p. 79
Children's understanding of chronic diseasep. 81
Developmental changes in children's understanding of illnessp. 83
The cognitive stage approach to studying children's concepts of illnessp. 84
Concepts of illnessp. 84
Concepts of the bodyp. 85
Concepts of deathp. 86
Concepts of related health and illness issuesp. 86
Criticisms of the 'stage' modelp. 88
Alternative theoretical approachesp. 89
The 'script' approachp. 90
Conclusionsp. 91
Intervention programmesp. 93
Introductionp. 93
Programmes to increase disease-related knowledgep. 93
Programmes to increase self-care skillsp. 95
Programmes to improve social skillsp. 98
Interventions with families and schoolsp. 100
Programmes to improve participation in school-lifep. 100
Interventions for parentsp. 102
Interventions with bereaved familiesp. 103
Conclusionsp. 104
Coping with chronic diseasep. 105
Introductionp. 105
Theoretical approaches to understanding coping during childhoodp. 105
Coping with everyday stressp. 111
Interpersonal stressp. 112
School-related stressp. 113
Conclusionsp. 114
Future directionsp. 116
Developmental perspectivesp. 116
Structuralist versus functionalist approachesp. 118
The psychological effects of chronic disease on the childp. 119
Chronic disease: a single diagnosis?p. 119
Outcome measuresp. 121
Intelligencep. 121
Social developmentp. 122
Personalityp. 123
Other issues in child adjustment researchp. 123
Timep. 123
Genderp. 124
Adjustment in familiesp. 125
Psychology-paediatric liaisonp. 126
Referencesp. 128
Author indexp. 159
Subject indexp. 170
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521386821
ISBN-10: 0521386829
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 188
Published: 26th November 1990
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 13.8  x 1.1
Weight (kg): 0.23