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Christian Anti-Semitism : A History of Hate - William Nicholls

Christian Anti-Semitism

A History of Hate

Hardcover Published: 28th May 1993
ISBN: 9780876683989
Number Of Pages: 528

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In Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate, Professor William Nicholls, a former minister in the Anglican Church and the founder of the Department of Religious Studies at the University of British Columbia, presents his stunning research, stating that Christian teaching is primarily responsible for antisemitism. As Nicholls states, these conclusions "can now be fully justified by the most up-to-date scholarship, Christian as well as Jewish."
Nicholls writes, "Many Jewish writers have said, quite simply that the Nazis chose the Jews as the target of their hate because two thousand years of Christian teaching had accustomed the world to do so. Few Christian historians and theologians have been sufficiently open to the painful truth to accept this explanation without considerable qualification. Nevertheless, it is correct."
Christian Antisemitism traces, over two millennia, the growing domination of Western culture by the Christian "myth" (as Nicholls calls it) about the Jews, and shows how it still exerts a major influence even on the secularized "post-Christian world." Nicholls shows, through scrupulous research and documentation, that the myth of the Jews as Christ-killers has powered anti-Judaism and antisemitism throughout the centuries. Nicholls clearly illustrates that this myth is present in the New Testament and that "it has not yet died under the impact of modern critical history."
Also included in this remarkable volume is Nicholls' research regarding the Jewishness of Jesus. He writes, "Historical scholarship now permits us to affirm with confidence that Jesus of Nazareth was a faithful and observant Jew who lived by the Torah and taught nothing against his own people and their faith...the Romans, not the Jews, were the Christ-killers."
In Part I, "Before the Myth," Nicholls explores the life of Jesus and his teachings as found in the New Testament. Was Jesus the founder of Christianity? Did he offer teachings against his people? Did he believe himself to be the Messiah? In Part II, "The Growth of the Myth," Nicholls looks at the impact made by Paul and documents the slow but steady relegation of the Jews to a position of hatred and victimization and their role as scapegoat. Also included in this section of the book is a close look at the development of the notion of the Jew as a player in Christian theology. In Part III, "The Myth Secularized," Nicholls observes the "secularization" of antisemitism, from the age of Napoleon to the present. His conclusion is a pessimistic one, noting that "the Holocaust has not brought an end to anti-semitism. It still pervades European and North American culture."
Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate is an extraordinary document of historical research. It is also a moving statement by a former Christian theologian who has come face-to-face with the most painful aspects of the religious tradition in which he was raised.

Professor William Nicholls is one of those rare thinkers capable of combining extraordinary scholarship and erudition with a deep understanding of human nature and human aguish. Above all, he is a man of remarkable courage, a courage stemming from his ownsense of morals and faith. Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate is a work with no precedent and no equal. At one level, it is a brilliant, breathtaking chart of the history of Christianity, from its birth to modern times, and the legacy of hatred that it promoted, in both its religious and secular forms. At a second level, this book is designed to delineate Christian responsibility, not only for the butcheries and persecutions of the past, like the Spanish Portuguese Inquisitions, but also andspecifically for the destruction of six million Jews during the Holocaust. As a Christian, deeply committed to the faith of the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures, Professor Nicholls not only feels the rage for this historical travesty but also the moral, nay, the religious charge, to face up to the burden of this responsibility and to redress this wrong. Written in a scintillating and swift, stripped-down prose, this is a luminous and compelling book that could change forever Christian perception of -- Professor Jose Faur, author, In the Shadow of History: Jews and Conversos at the Dawn of Modernity Professor Nicholls' history of the Christian origins and perpetuation of, and the church's continuing responsibility for, the antisemitic myth-including that myth's secularized and racist forms-is a marvel of contemporary historical and moral scholarship. We are given a comprehensive, definitive accounting of Christian hate for Jews from its beginnings to today-all in some 500 pages-together with compelling proposals for religious and theological reform and renewal. This historical exposition extends as well to the many moral, theological, political, and psychoanalytic dimensions of the question of antisemitism. We may expect this work to remain authoritative for a long time. It is a gem. -- A. Roy Eckardt, University of Oxford Professor William Nicholls is one of those rare thinkers capable of combining extraordinary scholarship and erudition with a deep understanding of human nature and human aguish. Above all, he is a man of remarkable courage, a courage stemming from his own sense of morals and faith. Christian Antisemitism: A History of Hate is a work with no precedent and no equal. At one level, it is a brilliant, breathtaking chart of the history of Christianity, from its birth to modern times, and the legacy of hatred that it promoted, in both its religious and secular forms. At a second level, this book is designed to delineate Christian responsibility, not only for the butcheries and persecutions of the past, like the Spanish Portuguese Inquisitions, but also and specifically for the destruction of six million Jews during the Holocaust. As a Christian, deeply committed to the faith of the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures, Professor Nicholls not only feels the rage for this historical travesty but also the moral, nay, the religious charge, to face up to the burden of this responsibility and to redress this wrong. Written in a scintillating and swift, stripped-down prose, this is a luminous and compelling book that could change forever Christian perception of itself and bring a propitious change in Christian attitudes toward Jews and Judaism. -- Professor Jose Faur, author, In the Shadow of History: Jews and Conversos at the Dawn of Modernity

Preface
Introduction
Before the Myth
Jesus the Jew: 1. Founder of Christianity?p. 3
Myth and History
Criticizing Myths
Biblical Criticism
Jesus and his Own People
Jesus the Jew
The Real Jesus
Did Jesus Found Christianity?
The Methods of Biblical Criticism
The Synoptic Problem
The Oral Tradition
Albert Schweitzer's Challenge
Redaction Criticism
Checks on Authenticity
Consistent Judaism or Consistent Skepticism
The Diversity of Early Christianity
Did Jesus Found Any of Them?
Jesus the Jew: 2. Rejected by His People?p. 45
Judaism in the First Century
Roman Rule
Jesus and the Judaism of His Time
Jesus' Mission and Message
God's Kingship
God's Nearness
Dimensions of Nearness
Jesus and the Torah
The Sermon on the Mount
The Sermon as an Interpretation of the Torah
Jesus and the Sinners
The Prodigal Son
The Pharisee and the Publican
Jesus and the Pharisees
Eating with Sinners
Jesus' Criticism of Other Jews
Jesus' Opponents
Jesus and the Zealous
Jesus' Real Offense
Jesus Imitated God
"Let the Dead Bury Their Dead"
"Hating" One's Family
Did Jesus "Die for the Gospel"?
Jesus the Jew: 3. Crucified Messiah?p. 83
Jewish Messianic Expectation
How Christology Was Anti-Jewish
Language and Society
The Development of Early Ideas about Christ
Jewish Objections to the Christian Doctrine
Jesus and Jewish Expectation
What Did Jesus Himself Say about His Mission?
Was Jesus Mistaken?
What Did Others Believe of Him?
Reading Back the New Concept into the Story
Peter's Acclamation of Jesus as Messiah
The Three Accounts Compared
The Origins of Christian Messianic Belief
The Son of Man
Jesus' Entry into Jerusalem
Jesus and the Temple
The "Trial" of Jesus
Why Do the Gospels Falsify History?
The Romans Were the Christ-killers
Why Did Jesus Die?
The Growth of the Myth
Paul and the Beginning of Christianityp. 113
The First Days of Christianity
Resurrection Visions
The Bible Reread
The Texts
Sectarian Theology
The Crucial Break
Mythmaking
Paul, the First Major Thinker of Christianity
The Traditional Interpretation
What Is Wrong with the Traditional View?
The Vision Fades
A Jewish Apostate?
Paul's Actions
Who Was a Jew?
Becoming a Jew
Paul's Conversions
What Did Paul Intend?
Paul's Self-reversal
Receiving the Holy Spirit
The Gospel for the Jews
A Double Covenant?
Paul and James
Peter and the Emissaries from James
Different Views in the Early Church
The True Israel: Battle for the Biblep. 153
Paul in the Early Church
The Break with Judaism
Measures against the Heretics
The Rabbis and Gentile Christianity
Editorial Bias in the Gospels
The Trial of Jesus in the Gospels
Mark's Creation of the Trial
Matthew's Version
Luke's Non-trial
John's Anti-Judaism
The New Testament and Anti-Judaism
The Letter to the Hebrews
The Letter of Barnabas
The Theology of Supersession
Issues between Jews and Christians
Other Second-century Writers
Marcionism, a Rejected Possibility
Tertullian on the Inferiority of the Jews
Jews in a Christian Worldp. 189
The Christian State and the Jews
Laws against Jews
Theodosius and His Code
The Code of Justinian
The End of the Western Empire
Ambrose the Bishop and Theodosius I
The Canon Law of the Church
Theological Anti-Judaism in the Church Fathers
Contrasted Pairs: the Church Supersedes Israel
The Christological Interpretation of the Old Testament
Gregory the Great and the Jews
Popular Paranoiap. 225
Abelard's Picture of the Jews
The Crusades: Bernard and the Jews
Jews as Lenders
Serfs of the Royal Chamber
Creditors Massacred
The Blood Libel
Charges of Desecration of the Host
The Jews and the Devil
The Fourth Lateran Council
The Trial of the Talmud
The Black Death
The Franciscan Assault on the Jews
The Origins of the Calumnies
New Pressures on the Christian Psyche
Unconscious Rage and Rebellion
Displacing the Object
Eating Christ's Body
Paranoid Projection
The Transmission of Paranoid Systems
Inquisition and Reformation: The Turning of the Tide?p. 261
The Fate of Spanish Jewry in the Fifteenth Century
The Council of Trent: A Catholic Turning Point?
The Reformation and the Jews
The Humanists
The Myth Secularized
The Napoleonic Bargain: "Frenchmen of the Mosaic Persuasion"p. 277
The New Societies of Modernity
The Jews in the Modern World
Liberal Anti-Judaism
The Enlightenment and the Jews
Frenchmen of the Mosaic Persuasion
Enlightenment Views on Religion
Nathan the Wise
Nonconformity and Toleration
Jewish Apologetics
Anti-Judaism among the Philosophers
The French Revolution
The Napoleonic Bargain
The Infamous Decree
The Congress of Vienna
Progress toward Fuller Emancipation
Secular Antisemitismp. 313
The Left-Wing Hegelians
Karl Marx and Antisemitism
The New Racial Doctrines
French Racial Antisemitism
The Dreyfus Affair
Russian Antisemitism
Antisemitic Parties in Germany and Austria
The Matrix of Nazism
The Churches in the Twentieth Centuryp. 351
During the Holocaust
After the Holocaust
The Silence of Pius XII
The Rescuers
The Postwar Catholic Response
The Catholic Church and the Jews in the 1990s
The World Council of Churches
New Theologies
Antisemitisms Old and Newp. 385
The Survival of Traditional Antisemitism
Left-Wing Antisemitism
Mutant Antisemitisms
Denial of the Holocaust
Anti-Zionism
Media Reporting of the Middle East Conflict
Liberal Antisemitism
Antisemitism in the Black Community in the U.S.
The Influence of Christian Liberalism on Jewish Intellectuals
Ending Antisemitism?p. 409
Casting off Internalized Antisemitism
The Non-Jewish World
Criticizing Christian History
Theology and Action
The Auschwitz Commandment
Theological Repentance
Removing Anti-Judaic Accretions
Returning the Jewish Bible to the Jewish People
Rethinking the Christological Interpretation of the Old Testament
Paul and Jesus
Earliest Christianity
Can the Church Still Claim that Jesus Was the Messiah?
Theology and History
The Alternatives for Christians
Jesus or Christianity?
Could the Synagogue Receive the Church?
Final Thoughts
Appendix: The Three Accounts of Peter's Acclamation of Jesus as the Messiahp. 439
Notesp. 441
Bibliographyp. 479
Indexp. 483
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780876683989
ISBN-10: 0876683987
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 528
Published: 28th May 1993
Publisher: JASON ARONSON INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.52 x 16.18  x 4.6
Weight (kg): 0.88