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Choice of Law in Copyright and Related Rights : Alternatives to the Lex Protectionis :  Alternatives to the Lex Protectionis - Mireille van Eechoud

Choice of Law in Copyright and Related Rights : Alternatives to the Lex Protectionis

Alternatives to the Lex Protectionis

Paperback

Published: July 2003
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Nobody denies that the traditional territorial approach to copyright and other intellectual property rights has come under pressure. Yet it persists. Faced with the need to determine the applicable law in cross-border cases, lawyers everywhere wrestle with the implications of the territorial nature of copyright and related rights. In this book, Mireille van Eechoud clears the way to the formulation of conflict rules that reflect the purpose of copyright law- to protect creators and stimulate the production and use of information-without reverting to old-fashioned notions of territoriality. She shows how the applicable law can be determined for four distinct legal avenues of intellectual property law: Which exclusive rights exist in an intellectual creation and for how long; Who is considered to own such right; How can these rights be transferred; and What continues infringement of copyright and related rights. Mireille van Eechoud shows how, when each of these questions is approached in the light of the different allocation principles used in modern choice of law, a new clarity begins to emerge that promises in time to build a set of conflict rules well suited to the unprecedented copyright and related rights issues that we find so difficult to resolve today. Her in-depth analysis draws in the classis multilateral conventions and treaties, underlying policies, technological and economic developments, utilitarian grounds versus justice considerations, and issues of infringement in the digital environment.

Introduction
Conflict of Laws Concerns in Intellectual Propertyp. 1
Subject-matter and Scope of this Studyp. 4
Central Research Questionp. 4
European Perspectivep. 6
Delineation of Issues Studiedp. 7
Some Words on Terminologyp. 11
Planp. 12
Characteristics of the Choice-of-Law Process
Introductionp. 15
Objectives of Choice of Lawp. 16
Decisional Harmonyp. 17
Forum Shoppingp. 17
Limping Legal Relationshipsp. 18
European Developmentsp. 20
Substantive Justicep. 22
The Development of Choice of Lawp. 24
Statutist Theoryp. 25
The Allocation Methodp. 28
Characteristics of the Present Day Allocation Methodp. 29
Types of Conflict Rulesp. 30
Principles Underlying Connecting Factorsp. 32
Closest Connectionp. 32
Party Autonomyp. 34
Functional Allocationp. 37
Favour Principlep. 38
Adjustment of the Result of Allocationp. 40
Public Policyp. 40
Priority Rulesp. 43
Conclusionsp. 46
Foreigners in International Copyright and Related Rights
Introductionp. 47
Foreign Authors Prior to The Berne Conventionp. 48
Foreigners Under Early Domestic Copyright Lawsp. 49
Equal Treatment Clausesp. 51
The Appearance of Bilateral Copyright Treatiesp. 55
The Foreigner in the Berne Conventionp. 57
The Road to Bernep. 57
The 1884-1886 Conferences and Subsequent Revisionsp. 59
Term of Protectionp. 61
Translationsp. 62
Works Protectedp. 63
Ownership of Audiovisual Worksp. 64
A Closer Look at National Treatmentp. 67
Country of Originp. 70
Post-Berne Convention Copyright and Related Rights Treatiesp. 76
TRIPs Agreementp. 77
Copyright Treatiesp. 79
WIPO Copyright Treaty 1996p. 80
Related Rights Treatiesp. 83
Rome Convention 1961p. 84
The WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treatyp. 85
Proposed WIPO Audiovisual Performances Treaty (WAPT)p. 86
Proposed WIPO Broadcast Treaty (WBT)p. 90
Conclusionsp. 92
The Choice-of-Law Calibre of Copyright and Related Rights Treaties
Introductionp. 95
Territoriality & Legislative Sovereigntyp. 97
Droits Independants Versus Droits Acquisp. 99
Lex Forip. 103
Lex Protectionisp. 105
Basis and Scope of the Lex Protectionisp. 106
Lex Protectionis and Moral Rights After Deathp. 111
Lex Protectionis and Ownership in Audiovisual Worksp. 116
Lex Originsp. 119
Conflict Rule for All Copyright Issuesp. 120
Conflict Rule for Initial Ownershipp. 121
Conclusionsp. 125
The Rationale of Copyright and Related Rights Law
Introductionp. 129
Trends in the Information Markets and Technologyp. 131
Commodification of Information and Information Technologiesp. 132
Changes in the Production of Informationp. 132
Changes in the Distribution of Informationp. 135
Legal Characteristics of Copyright and Related Rightsp. 138
Legal Basis of Copyright and Related Rightsp. 140
Justice Argumentsp. 142
Utility Argumentsp. 146
Incentive for Productionp. 146
Efficient Allocationp. 151
Social Argumentsp. 153
Cultural Policy, Freedom of Expressionp. 156
Policies Underlying Limitationsp. 157
Fundamental Freedomsp. 160
Free Speech and Freedom of Informationp. 161
Privacyp. 161
Promotion of Culture and Knowledgep. 162
Practical Considerationsp. 163
Freedom of Competition and Free Tradep. 164
Conclusionsp. 166
Conflict Rules for Modern Copyright and Related Rights
Introductionp. 169
Existence, Scope and Durationp. 172
Closest Connectionp. 172
Party Autonomyp. 174
Favour Principlep. 175
Functional Allocation in the Narrow Sense (Schutzprinzip)p. 175
Functional Allocation in the Broad Sensep. 176
Initial Ownershipp. 178
The Creator's Law: Functional Allocation as a General Rulep. 179
Identification of the Creator or Performerp. 181
Initial Ownership of Related Rights other than Performer's Rightsp. 182
Identification of the Record Producer, Database Producer or Broadcasting Organisationp. 183
Summaryp. 185
Collective Worksp. 185
Party Autonomyp. 186
Applicable Law in Default of a Choice by Co-Contributorsp. 187
Works Created by Employeesp. 188
Accessory Allocation to the Employment Contractp. 190
Favour-Restricted Choice by Partiesp. 191
Transfer of Copyright and Related Rightsp. 193
Contractual Aspects of Transfer Through Exploitation Licences or Assignmentp. 195
Party Autonomyp. 195
Formal and Material Validity of the Intellectual Property Contractp. 196
Characteristic performancep. 198
Proprietary Aspects of Assignmentp. 202
Applying the Creator's or Performer's Law as a Favour Restrictionp. 205
Infringementp. 206
Lex Protectionis for the Issue of Unlawfulnessp. 210
Law Governing the Consequences of Infringing Actsp. 213
Place of the Wrong (Place of Use)p. 215
Habitual Residence or Place of Business of the Tortfeasorp. 218
Habitual Residence of the Injured Party (Right Owner)p. 220
Identifying Countries with an Effective Connection to Infringementp. 221
Conclusionsp. 225
Existence, Scope and Durationp. 226
Initial Ownershipp. 227
Transfer of Copyright and Related Rightsp. 227
Infringementp. 229
Effectuating Alternatives to the Lex Protectionisp. 230
Preliminary Draft Rome II Regulationp. 231
Revision of the Rome Convention 1980p. 232
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789041120717
ISBN-10: 9041120718
Series: Information Law Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 304
Published: July 2003
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.63
Weight (kg): 0.43