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Chloroplast Biogenesis : From Proplastid to Gerontoplast - U. C. Biswal

Chloroplast Biogenesis

From Proplastid to Gerontoplast

Hardcover Published: 31st October 2003
ISBN: 9781402016028
Number Of Pages: 353

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Chloroplast is the organelle where the life-giving process photosynthesis takes place; it is the site where plants and algae produce food and oxygen that sustain our life. The story of how it originates from proplastids, and how it ultimately dies is beautifully portrayed by three authorities in the field: Basanti Biswal, Udaya Biswal and M. K. Raval. I consider it a great privilege and honor to have been asked to write this foreword. The book ' Chloroplast biogenesis: from proplastid to gerontoplast' goes much beyond photosynthesis. The character of the book is different from that of many currently available books because it provides an integrated approach to cover the entire life span of the organelle including its senescence and death. The books available are mostly confined to the topics relating to the 'build up' or development of chloroplast during greening. The story of organelle biogenesis without description of the events associated with its regulated dismantling during genetically programmed senescence is incomplete. A large volume of literature is available in this area of chloroplast senescence accumulated during the last 20 years. Although some of the findings in this field have been organized in the form of reviews, the data in the book are generalized and integrated with simple text and graphics. This book describes the structural features of prop las tid and its transformation to fully mature chloroplast, which is subsequently transformed into gerontoplast exhibiting senescence syndrome. The book consists of five major chapters.

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From the reviews:

"The book deals with the broadest array of topics connected with chloroplast development and it is written by outstanding specialists in this field. ... The text is supplemented with 1 211 references. ... The book is supplemented by a list of abbreviations and an index (including plant names). I summarize that this monograph successfully fulfills the still existing gap in photosynthesis literature, giving a complex picture of chloroplast development." (J. Kutik, Photosynthetica, 2006)

Introductionp. 1
Plastid Forms, their Structural Flexibility, and Potential for Transformationp. 1
Chloroplast Biogenesis: Involvement of Three Plastid Formsp. 3
Design of the Book and the Limitationsp. 15
Proplastid to Chloroplast Transformationp. 19
Development of Internal Membrane Structuresp. 19
Thylakoid Formation and Pigment Accumulationp. 26
Biogenesis and Assembly of Light Harvesting Complexp. 34
Assembly of Individual Thylakoid Complexesp. 42
Rubisco Assemblyp. 48
Chloroplast Protein Targetingp. 49
Temporal Appearance of Thylakoid Complexesp. 57
Factors Regulating Gene Expression During Chloroplast Developmentp. 59
Interorganellar Communication, Gene Expression, and Chloroplast Developmentp. 65
Environmental Modulation of Developing Chloroplastp. 72
Mature Chloroplastp. 79
Chloroplast Envelopep. 80
The Lamellaep. 82
Light Harvesting Complexesp. 82
Photosystems: Composition, Structural Organization, and Primary Photochemistryp. 87
Cytochrome b/f Complex: The Link Between the Photosystemsp. 112
ATP Synthase: Structure and Mechanism of Actionp. 114
The Calvin-Benson Cyclep. 118
Other Metabolic Processes in Mature Chloroplastp. 127
Chloroplast Under Stressp. 128
Transformation of Chloroplast to Gerontoplastp. 155
Introductionp. 155
Senescence Induced Degradation of Thylakoid Proteins, Loss of Pigments, and Ultrastructural Changes of Membranesp. 161
Senescence Induced Changes in Electron Transport Complexes and Rubiscop. 190
Chloroplast to Gerontoplast Transformation is Accompanied by the Changes in the Pattern of Gene Expression in Leavesp. 206
Senescence Signals and Other Regulating Factorsp. 224
Stress Response of the Senescing Leaves and Modifications of Gerontoplastp. 240
Conclusion and the Futurep. 243
The Picture of Mechanisms of Assembly of Chloroplast Complexes During Development and their Demolition During Senescence is Hazyp. 244
The Mechanisms of Degradation of Protein and Chlorophyll During Biogenesis of the Organelle Largely Remain Unclearp. 245
Molecular Biology of Gerontoplast Formation During Leaf Senescence. A Challanging Area of Research for Futurep. 246
The Signalling Systems Associated with Transformations of Proplastid to Chloroplast and Chloroplast to Geronioplast are Poorly Understoodp. 247
Environmental Modulation of Chloroplast Biogenesis is Less Knownp. 249
The Study of Chloroplast Biogenesis Needs Better Laboratory Modelsp. 249
Referencesp. 251
Abbreviationsp. 337
Indexp. 345
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402016028
ISBN-10: 1402016026
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 353
Published: 31st October 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.11
Weight (kg): 0.82

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