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Chinese Civilization : A Sourcebook 2nd Edition - Patricia Buckley Ebrey

Chinese Civilization

A Sourcebook 2nd Edition

Paperback Published: 10th May 1993
ISBN: 9780029087527
Number Of Pages: 524

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Chinese Civilization sets the standard for supplementary texts in Chinese history courses. With newly expanded material, personal documents, social records, laws, and documents that historians mistakenly ignore, the sixth edition is even more useful than its classic predecessor. A complete and thorough introduction to Chinese history and culture.

Chinese Civilization sets the standard for supplementary texts in Chinese history courses. With newly expanded material, personal documents, social records, laws, and documents that historians mistakenly ignore, the sixth edition is even more useful than its classic predecessor. A complete and thorough introduction to Chinese history and culture.

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Contents According to Topics
A Note on the Selection and Translation of Sources
Map of China
The Classical Periodp. 1
Late Shang Divination Records. The questions and answers inscribed on oracle bones used to communicate with divine powersp. 3
The Metal Bound Box. A scene in which the Duke of Zhou offers his life to the ancestors in place of his nephew the king, from the Book of Documentsp. 6
Hexagrams in the Book of Changes. Two passages from an ancient diviners' manualp. 8
Songs and Poems. Songs of courtship, feasting, and war, from the Book of Songsp. 11
The Battle Between Jin and Chu. Description of the strategies, jockeying for position, and boasting of a major battle, from the Zuo zhuanp. 14
Confucian Teachings. Passages from the Analects, Mencius, and Xunzip. 17
Daoist Teachings. Passages from the Laozi and Zhuangzip. 27
Legalist Teachings. Passages from the Book of Lord Shang and Han Feizip. 32
Two Avengers. From the Intrigues of the Warring Statesp. 38
Social Rituals. The procedures to be followed when an inferior visits a superior and vice-versa, from the Book of Etiquette and Ritualp. 42
The Qin and Han Dynastiesp. 47
Penal Servitude in Qin Law. From excavated wooden-strip documentsp. 51
The World Beyond China. From Sima Qian's Historical Recordsp. 54
Heaven, Earth, and Man. From the writings of Dong Zhongshup. 57
The Debate on Salt and Iron. A court debate between the Legalist prime minister and the Confucian scholars about the role of the government in economic mattersp. 60
The Classic of Filial Piety. A popular primer that glorifies the virtue of filial devotionp. 64
Wang Fu on Friendship and Getting Ahead. A second-century man's cynical view of how men get aheadp. 69
Women's Virtues and Vices. An exemplary biography of a model woman, the lament of a man whose wife was far from model, and a woman's admonitions to girls on how to behavep. 72
Yin and Yang in Medical Theory. The theory behind traditional medicine, from the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicinep. 77
Local Cults. Three stone inscriptions describing shrines erected to honor various deitiesp. 80
Uprisings. Accounts of two religious leaders and the uprisings they stagedp. 83
The Era of Division and the Tang Dynastyp. 87
Ge Hong's Autobiography. By a fourth-century scholar and reluctant officialp. 91
Buddhist Doctrines and Practices. Wei Shou's summary of Buddhist doctrines, hagiographic accounts of two monks, and documents found at Dunhuang showing Buddhist belief in practicep. 97
Tales of Ghosts and Demons. Three tales from a fourth-century collectionp. 105
Cultural Differences Between the North and the South. Two views of the distinctions that developed during a period of political separation and non-Han domination in the Northp. 109
Emperor Taizong on Effective Government. A summary of political theory, written by the second Tang emperor for his sonsp. 112
The Tang Legal Code. Sections from the laws on theft and robbery and those on land and taxesp. 116
The Errors of Geomancy. An official's complaints about the profusion of theoriesp. 120
The Dancing Horses of Xuanzong's Court. Unusual and exotic entertainmentp. 123
Family Business. Documents from Dunhuang on the sale of slaves, division of property, and household registrationp. 125
The Examination System. Humorous and semihumorous anecdotes about men's efforts to pass the civil service examinationsp. 128
A Pilgrim's Visit to the Five Terraces Mountains. From the diary of a Japanese monk who made a pilgrimage to one of the sacred sites of Buddhismp. 132
The Song and Yuan Dynastiesp. 137
The Tanguts and Their Relations with the Han Chinese. Some Tangut maxims, a Tangut ruler's letter to the Song emperor, and the preface to a Chinese-Tangut glossaryp. 139
Book of Rewards and Punishments. A moral tract associated with popular Daoismp. 142
Precepts of the Perfect Truth Daoist Sect. Principles of a Daoist monastic sectp. 146
Wang Anshi, Sima Guang, and Emperor Shenzong. A court debate between the leading activist and his conservative opponent and letters they wrote each other outlining their differencesp. 151
Rules for the Fan Lineage's Charitable Estate. The rules by which a charitable trust was to be run for the benefit of the members of the lineagep. 155
Ancestral Rites. From a ritual manual giving the procedures to be followedp. 157
Women and the Problems They Create. Three folktale-like stories of unusual women and a sympathetic view of women's problemsp. 164
Longing to Recover the North. Poems by six twelfth-century writers expressing their anguish at the loss of China's heartlandp. 169
Zhu Xi's Conversations with His Disciples. Conversations between a leading neo-Confucian philosopher and his studentsp. 172
The Attractions of the Capital. A description of economic activity, entertainment, and amenities in the city of Hangzhoup. 178
The Mutual Responsibility System. One magistrate's instructions on how these units were to operatep. 186
On Farming. How to plant, weed, care for tools, budget time, and so onp. 188
A Mongol Governor. The biography of a Mongol who spent decades putting down rebellions and securing Mongol rulep. 192
A Schedule for Learning. Neo-Confucian rules and advice for teachers and studentsp. 195
A Scholar-Painter's Diary. Two weeks of social and intellectual activityp. 199
The Ming Dynastyp. 203
Proclamations of the Hongwu Emperor. A despot's complaints about how difficult it was to get his subjects to act properlyp. 205
The Dragon Boat Race. A description of the festival as performed in one place in Hunanp. 208
Village Ordinances. Sample ordinances a village could adoptp. 211
Commercial Activities. Sample contracts, an essay on merchants, and a biography of an admired onep. 213
What the Weaver Said. An artisan's view of his workp. 221
Tenants. Two contracts specifying the responsibilities of quasi-hereditary tenant-servants on one estate and reports of riots by tenantsp. 223
Shi Jin the Nine-Dragoned. Episode from a novel describing the background of one outlawp. 226
Family Instructions. Advice and rules found in a lineage genealogyp. 238
Concubines. How concubines were bought, the reminiscences of a man for a beloved concubine, and an episode from a novel depicting the ploys of a malicious concubinep. 245
Widows Loyal Unto Death. Accounts from a local history glorifying women who showed loyalty to their dead husbands by killing themselvesp. 253
Two Philosophers. Letters and conversations of two important thinkers, Wang Yangming and Li Zhip. 256
A Censor Accuses a Eunuch. A memorial to the emperor accusing the eunuch Wei Zhongxian of usurping his authority and acting tyrannicallyp. 263
The Qing Dynastyp. 267
The Yangzhou Massacre. One family's experiences, recounted in a diaryp. 271
Proverbs About Heaven. Standard sayingsp. 280
Taxes and Labor Service. A description of the forms in which taxes and service were assessed in one countyp. 282
Permanent Property. The advice a man gave his sons concerning the importance of owning land and how to manage itp. 287
Lan Dingyuan's Casebook. Two examples of how an energetic Magistrate solved administrative and legal casesp. 292
Exhortations on Ceremony and Deference. A lecture delivered by an official in the hope of teaching villagers good behaviorp. 297
Village Organization. Two records of village affairs, one about a water-use agreement, the other the creation of a fairp. 301
The Village Headman and the New Teacher. Episode from a novel about how a teacher was hiredp. 304
Boat People. A local history's account of a minority groupp. 309
Placards Posted in Guangzhou. Official orders to admit foreigners to the city after the Opium War and protests from local residentsp. 311
Infant Protection Society. An account of one man's efforts to stem infanticidep. 313
Mid-Century Rebels. Confessions, proclamations, petitions, and descriptions of a number of different rebel groupsp. 318
The Conditions and Activities of Workers. A stone inscription recording official disapproval of organizing by workers and an official report of working conditions in a water-logged minep. 323
Genealogy Rules. The rules one lineage used in compiling its genealogyp. 326
The Early Twentieth Centuryp. 331
Liang Qichao on His Trip to America. Comments on the amazing sights in New York, and reflections on Chinese social organizationp. 335
Ridding China of Bad Customs. Proposals for ways to end footbinding, suppress opium addiction, and free young girl bondservantsp. 341
Rural Education. Recollections of a teacher introducing science to a rural schoolp. 348
My Old Home. A story showing problems of communication between upper and lower class menp. 354
The Spirit of the May Fourth Movement. Recollections of a woman who had been in middle school at the timep. 360
The Haifeng Peasant Association. How one man tried to organize peasantsp. 364
The Dog-Meat General. An account of one of the more incompetent and brutal warlordsp. 373
The General Strike. A magazine account of a strike in Shanghai in 1928p. 378
Funeral Processions. A description of two funeral processions with a list of the equipment used and the costp. 385
My Children. An essay by a man with five childrenp. 391
The Life of Beggars. An account of the social organization of beggars and their various techniques of earning a livingp. 396
Generalissimo Jiang on National Identity. Two speeches, early and late in the War Against Japan, on China's relations with other countries and the relations of the various nationalities within Chinap. 401
The People's Republicp. 407
The Communist Party. A speech by Liu Shaoqi on party organization and disciplinep. 411
Land Reform. An episode from a novel showing peasants learning "to stand up"p. 416
Hu Feng and Mao Zedong. Letters of a leading intellectual which Mao published with his own commentary on how they demonstrated his counterrevolutionary tendenciesp. 422
A New Young Man Arrives at the Organization Department. An episode from a story of the conflict between an idealistic young party member and the entrenched power structurep. 429
Peng Dehuai's Critique of the Great Leap Forward. Peng's letter to Mao offering measured criticism of his policiesp. 435
Developing Agricultural Production. A newspaper account of efforts to inspire members of a production brigade to work harderp. 440
Lei Feng, Chairman Mao's Good Fighter. Inspirational anecdotes about a model worker and soldier, devoted to aiding the peoplep. 442
Housing in Shanghai. A newspaper article describing the effects of state control of housingp. 447
Red Guards. Red Guards' accounts of their activities during the Cultural Revolutionp. 449
Victims. A short story written after the fall of the "Gang of Four," showing some of the negative effects on both the older and younger generations of the Cultural Revolutionp. 458
The Changing Course of Courtship. Four documents that show the changing circumstances in which young people have looked for spousesp. 470
The One-Child Family. One province's regulations for fostering the one-child family and a magazine article on the pressure young mothers have experienced because of this policyp. 478
Economic Liberalization and New Problems for Women. Newspaper and magazine articles protesting some of the ways new policies have had adverse effects on women's employment or welfarep. 482
Peasants in the Cities. An interview and a newspaper article concerning the rural residents who flocked to the cities in the 1980sp. 488
Posters Calling for Democracy. Posters from the 1989 Democracy Protestsp. 496
Defending China's Socialist Democracy. A newspaper article refuting the views of those who believe that the West is more democratic than Chinap. 501
Glossaryp. 505
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 509
Original Sourcesp. 515
Indexp. 520
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780029087527
ISBN-10: 002908752X
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 524
Published: 10th May 1993
Publisher: FREE PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 19.05  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.91
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised