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Chemical Separation Technologies and Related Methods of Nuclear Waste Management : Applications, Problems, and Research Needs - Gregory R. Choppin

Chemical Separation Technologies and Related Methods of Nuclear Waste Management

Applications, Problems, and Research Needs

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1999
ISBN: 9780792356387
Number Of Pages: 301

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Separation technologies are of crucial importance to the goal of significantly reducing the volume of high-level nuclear waste, thereby reducing the long-term health risks to mankind. International co-operation, including the sharing of concepts and methods, as well as technology transfer, is essential in accelerating research and development in the field.

The writers of this book are all internationally recognised experts in the field of separation technology, well qualified to assess and criticize the current state of separation research as well as to identify future opportunities for the application of separation technologies to the solution of nuclear waste management problems. The major emphases in the book are research opportunities in the utilization of innovative and potentially more efficient and cost effective processes for waste processing/treatment, actinide speciation/separation methods, technological processing, and environmental restoration.

Preface
Opening Session
Overview of Chemical Separation Methods and Technologiesp. 1
Review of Historical Development and Application of Separation Technologies in Russiap. 17
Reprocessing of Nuclear Fuel: Overview/Critique of the Worldwide Experience and Engineering/Technology Challenges for Separationsp. 29
Technology Needs for Actinide and Technetium Separations Based on Solvent Extraction, Ion Exchange and Other Processesp. 53
Review of Non-Aqueous Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Separation Methods. (View on World Experience from Dimitrovgrad)p. 71
Review of Possible Technologies for Actinide Separation Using Other Extractants than TBPp. 99
Studies of the Chemistry of Transactinides by Fast Separation Techniquesp. 123
New Extraction Technologies for Management of Radioactive Wastesp. 135
Application of New Inorganic-Organic Composite Absorbers with Polyacrylonitrile Binding Matrix for Separation of Radionuclides from Liquid Radioactive Wastesp. 155
RandD Needs of Chemical Separation Technologies for Nuclear Wastes from the Perspective of Federal Governmental Programs of Russiap. 169
Nuclear Waste Management: A Bioremediation Approachp. 187
Up-to-date Radioecological Situation around the "Mayak" Nuclear Facilityp. 209
The Environmental Impacts of Uranium Mining and Milling and the Methods of their Reductionp. 225
Role of Humics in Actinide Behavior in Ecosystemsp. 247
Risk Assessment for Chemicals and Radionuclides: Some Characteristics, Similarities and Differencesp. 261
The View from Russia of the Soviet-Designed Reactor Safety Program of the U.S. Department of Energyp. 273
Glossaryp. 289
List of Abbreviationsp. 293
Indexp. 297
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792356387
ISBN-10: 0792356381
Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 2
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 301
Published: 28th February 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 1.38