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Checking Theory and Grammatical Functions in Universal Grammar : Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Paperback) - Hiroyuki Ura

Checking Theory and Grammatical Functions in Universal Grammar

Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Paperback)

Paperback Published: 1st January 2000
ISBN: 9780195118391
Number Of Pages: 340

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Ura demonstrates that his theory of multiple feature-checking, an extension of Chomsky's Agr-less checking theory, gives a natural explanation for a wide range of data drawn from a variety of languages in a very consistent way with a limited set of parameters.

"Much recent work on linguistic form and meaning has been guided by the idea that the computational system of natural language is essentially invariant, even rather simple, and that the apparent variety of expressions in typologically different languages reduces largely to small modifications in the morphological component of the system. Ura's theory of multiple feature-checking develops the basic idea in original and highly productive ways, providing persuasive answers to difficult questions that arise in widely-ranging languages, and opening up new and challenging problems. It is an impressive achievement, which merits careful study."--Noam Chomsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "Much recent work on linguistic form and meaning has been guided by the idea that the computational system of natural language is essentially invariant, even rather simple, and that the apparent variety of expressions in typologically different languages reduces largely to small modifications in the morphological component of the system. Ura's theory of multiple feature-checking develops the basic idea in original and highly productive ways, providing persuasive answers to difficult questions that arise in widely-ranging languages, and opening up new and challenging problems. It is an impressive achievement, which merits careful study."--Noam Chomsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Abbreviationsp. xvii
Introductionp. 3
Grammatical Function Splittingp. 5
Grammatical Functions and Grammatical Relationsp. 5
Grammatical Function Splitting Phenomenap. 6
A Minimalist Theory of Grammatical Functionsp. 11
Grammatical Relations/Functions in the PP-approachp. 11
A Theory of GFs in the Minimalist Frameworkp. 12
Theory of Multiple Feature Checkingp. 14
Minimalist Assumptionsp. 14
Theory of Multiple Feature Checkingp. 20
Multiple Feature Checking and GF-Splitting Phenomenap. 24
Preview of Major Proposalsp. 25
Strong Features and Violability of Procrastinatep. 25
Syntactic Mapping of Argument Structurep. 28
What is SUBJ/OBJ?p. 30
Multiple Specs, Equidistance, and DP-Movement over DPp. 31
Optionalityp. 32
Feature Checking as a Syntactic Operationp. 35
Some Parametersp. 36
Definition of [[plus or minus] Construable]-Featuresp. 38
Organizationp. 39
Active/Inverse Voice Alternationp. 40
Bantu Inverse Voicep. 41
Basic Properties of Bantu Inverse Systemp. 41
Mechanism of the Active/Inverse Alternation in Bantup. 45
Deriving the Parametric Differencesp. 53
Summary: Bantu Inverse Voicep. 54
Apachean Inverse Voicep. 55
Basic Properties of Apachean Inverse Systemp. 55
Mechanism of the Active/Inverse Alternation in Apacheanp. 58
Animacy Hierarchy and the Deletion of Infl's EPP-featurep. 60
Subjecthood of SUBJ in Navajo Inverse Voicep. 62
Summaryp. 63
English Quotative Inversionp. 64
Inversion and Local Economyp. 68
Anti-Impersonal Passivesp. 70
Anti-Impersonal Passive in Langop. 71
Basic Properties of "Long Object Shift" in Langop. 71
Wither Does OBJ Go by LOS?p. 74
Derivation of Anti-Impersonal Passive in Langop. 79
Grammatical Function Splitting by LOSp. 82
Summary for Lango Anti-Impersonal Passivep. 83
Anti-Impersonal Passive in Imbabura Quechuap. 83
Basic Properties of Imbabura Quechua Passivep. 83
Grammatical Function Splittingp. 86
Explanationp. 87
Parametric Variationsp. 91
Summary for Imbabura Quechua Anti-Impersonal Passivep. 92
Summaryp. 93
A Very Short Note on Impersonal Passivesp. 93
Dative Subject Constructionsp. 95
Japanese (and Korean)p. 96
Basic Factsp. 96
Proposalsp. 103
Analysisp. 104
Explanationp. 105
Supporting Evidencep. 112
Summary and Problemsp. 116
Tamilp. 117
DAT-ACC Patternp. 117
DAT-NOM Patternp. 120
Analysisp. 121
Evidence for the Difference between Dat-Acc and Dat-Nomp. 124
Summary and Dative Subjects in Kannadap. 125
Icelandicp. 126
Datap. 126
Analysisp. 129
Passive and Dative Subjects in Germanicp. 133
Experiencer and Inversion in Dutchp. 139
Theoretical Implications of DOCp. 141
Inversion in Germanic and Local Economyp. 141
Icelandic and Bantu Inversep. 142
Summaryp. 145
Old English and Historical Changep. 146
DSCs (QSCs) in Other Languagesp. 149
Russian and Polishp. 149
Hindi (and Other Indo-Aryan)p. 151
Italian (and Spanish)p. 151
Accusative Subjects in Quechuap. 152
Georgianp. 154
Locative Inversionp. 156
Bantu Locative Inversionp. 156
Basic Factsp. 156
Explanationp. 160
GF-Splitting by Bantu Locative Inversionp. 164
Deriving the Parametric Variationp. 165
Lexical/Syntactic Restriction on Locative Inversionp. 165
Implicationsp. 167
Locative Inversion in Japanesep. 171
Basic Factsp. 171
Deriving Japanese Locative Inversionp. 174
Supporting Evidencep. 177
Summaryp. 179
Ergativity and Its Typological Variationp. 180
Introduction: Ergativityp. 181
Morphological Ergativityp. 181
Syntactic Ergativityp. 183
Split-Ergativityp. 187
Problems of Ergativityp. 191
Problems of Morphological Ergativityp. 192
Problems of Syntactic/Shallow Ergativityp. 194
Problems of Split-Ergativityp. 195
Ergativity and GF-Splittingp. 196
Prospect under the Theory of Multiple Feature Checkingp. 197
Approaches to Ergativityp. 198
Marantz (1981, 1984) and B. Levin (1983)p. 198
Other Pre-Minimalist Approachesp. 199
Two Minimalist Approachesp. 200
Theory of Ergativity and Multiple Feature Checkingp. 205
Parameter for the Ergative/Accusative Distinctionp. 206
Typological Varieties of Ergative Languagesp. 207
Intransitives and Case-Marking of SUBJ(I)p. 220
Anti-Passivep. 224
Nonexistence of Anti-Passive in Accusative Languagesp. 228
Summaryp. 228
Double Object Constructionsp. 230
Larsonian VP-Shell in Agr-Based Case Theoryp. 230
Underlying Structure for DOCp. 232
Deriving Typological/Dialectal Differences in DOCp. 234
Norwegian/Swedish vs. Danishp. 235
British vs. American Englishp. 244
Explanation of the Crosslinguistic Generalizationp. 249
Summaryp. 249
Typological Variety of DOCp. 250
Object Shift in Japanesep. 255
Word Order in Japanese Ditransitive Clausesp. 256
Object Shift in Ditransitive Clausesp. 258
Object Shift to an A-Positionp. 258
Whither Is the Object Shifted?p. 259
Optionality of Object Shift and Violability of Procrastinatep. 268
Passivizability of DO and Violability of Procrastinatep. 271
Object Shift out of Desiderative Complementsp. 272
Desiderative Complement in Japanesep. 272
Violability of Procrastinatep. 275
Object Shift in Transitive Clausesp. 276
Impossibility of Object Shift in Transitive Clausesp. 276
Lexical Difference in Violability of Procrastinatep. 280
Summaryp. 280
Optional vs. Obligatory Object Shiftp. 281
Conclusion and Further Issuesp. 283
Referencesp. 287
Indexp. 311
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195118391
ISBN-10: 0195118391
Series: Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Paperback)
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 340
Published: 1st January 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.49  x 2.16
Weight (kg): 0.5

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