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Changing Organizations : Business Networks In The New Political Economy - David H. Knoke

Changing Organizations

Business Networks In The New Political Economy

Paperback Published: 5th January 2001
ISBN: 9780813334530
Number Of Pages: 474

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Efforts by American companies to adapt to intense environmental pressures, arising from incessant technological innovation and fierce competition across global product markets, are dramatically changing how firms and their employees work. Daily headlines blare about corporate downsizings, strategic alliances, joint ventures, acquisitions and mergers, huge CEO bonuses despite stagnant wages and rising inequality. The economists' utility-maximizing efficiency theory offers useful but incomplete explanations of these events. Through its depiction of organizational activity as a socially constructed complex of institutions, the structural perspective on organizational change contributes crucial insights. It reveals how relationships among workers and organizations, embedded in complex network patterns, generate social capital, shape career opportunities, and change global competition between corporations and nations.In "Changing Organizations" David Knoke examines the formation of intra- and inter-organizational networks and their impact on the fates of employees, companies, and communities. He explores hot the network perspective--when used in conjunction with ecology, insitutionalism, power and resource dependence, transaction cost economics, organizational learning, and evolutionary theories--contributes to a more comprehensive explanation of organizational transformations. Written in an accessible narrative style for advanced undergraduate students in sociology, public policy, and business management courses, it draws heavily from contemporary cases to illustrate ideas. The book also offers readers a careful exposition of basic structural and network concepts and principles.

List of Figures and Tablesp. xi
List of Acronymsp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
Generating Changep. 1
What Happened to Big Blue?p. 2
Organizational Structures and Environmentsp. 5
Forces Driving Changesp. 7
Plan of the Bookp. 35
Theorizing About Organizationsp. 37
Theoretical Elementsp. 38
Five Basic Organization Theoriesp. 41
Conclusionsp. 73
Resizing and Reshapingp. 74
How Many Business Organizations?p. 76
Organizational Sizep. 83
Entries and Exitsp. 87
Which Organizations Create New Jobs?p. 90
What Forms of Organizations?p. 92
Why Did the Multidivisional Form Spread?p. 100
Corporate Merger Wavesp. 110
Refocused Organizationsp. 117
Conclusionsp. 119
Making Connectionsp. 120
Varieties of Interorganizational Relationsp. 121
Varieties of Alliance Networksp. 128
Trust Relationsp. 150
Alliance Formation and Outcomesp. 156
Conclusionsp. 163
Changing the Employment Contractp. 164
The Traditional Employment Contractp. 166
Eroding Firm Attachmentsp. 170
The New Employment Contractp. 177
High-Performance Workplace Practicesp. 179
Penetration Problemsp. 190
Automotive Lean Productionp. 194
High-Performance Impactsp. 196
The Trouble with Teamsp. 200
Conclusionsp. 203
Investing in Social Capitalp. 204
Networked Organizationsp. 205
Mentoring Protegesp. 214
Networking Fundamentalsp. 217
A Small Firm Examplep. 223
Network Outcomesp. 227
Social Capitalp. 231
Conclusionsp. 242
Governing the Corporationp. 244
Power and Authorityp. 245
A Political-Organization Modelp. 248
Legal Theories of Corporate Governancep. 249
Nexus of Contracts and Stakeholder Theoriesp. 252
Board Rules and Realitiesp. 256
Executive Pay Politicsp. 261
Farewell to the Chiefp. 276
Institutional Investors Are Revoltingp. 279
Conclusionsp. 285
Struggling in the Workplacep. 287
Social Movements Inside Organizationsp. 289
Eroding Unionizationp. 295
Legalization of the Workplacep. 303
Employee Ownershipp. 315
Conclusionsp. 318
Influencing Public Policiesp. 319
Power Structure Theoriesp. 321
Proliferating Political Organizationsp. 324
Mobilizing Member Resourcesp. 332
Influencing Public Policiesp. 334
Conclusionsp. 361
Learning to Evolvep. 362
Chaos and Complexity Thwart Predictabilityp. 364
Evolutionary Alternativesp. 368
National Innovation Systemsp. 372
Organizational Learningp. 377
Population-Level Learningp. 382
Innovator Organizationsp. 385
A Vision, Instead of a Conclusionp. 389
Basic Network Conceptsp. 395
Notesp. 403
Referencesp. 407
Indexp. 461
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813334530
ISBN-10: 0813334535
Series: New Perspectives in Sociology
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 474
Published: 5th January 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.73
Edition Number: 1

Earn 303 Qantas Points
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