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Centering Theory in Discourse - Marilyn Walker

Centering Theory in Discourse

By: Marilyn Walker (Editor), Aravind K. Joshi (Editor), Ellen F. Prince (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 1st November 1997
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Many areas of language-related research -- language processing, linguistic semantics/pragmatics, speech understanding and synthesis, and psychological theories of attention -- have shown an increasing need to describe and understand aspects of discourse anaphora in relation to both processing complexity and the global structure of discourse. A major problem in this area is the large gap between existing theories and accounts of actual phenomena in naturally occurring discourse. Centering Theory is an account of one aspect of discourse, local discourse structure, that makes specific claims about both processing complexity and discourse anaphora. Centering Theory in Discourse focuses on Centering Theory's ability to account for data from naturally occurring discourse in several languages. The contributors test empirically several claims of Centering Theory, propose extensions to and refinements of Centering, and show how it can be integrated with other aspects of discourse structure and processing.

`This volume... represents an important follow-up to the work on centering carried out in the late eighties and early nineties, and in this context it is a timely collection of a number of interesting contributions.' Ruslan Mitkov, Computational Linguistics Vol.25 No.4

1: Marilyn Walker, Aravind Joshi, and Ellen Prince: Introduction PART I. GOALS OF CENTERING 2: Aravind Joshi and Scott Weinstein: Formal Systems for Complexity and Control of Inference: A Reprise and Some Hints 3: Barbara Grosz and Candy Sidner: Lost Intuitions and Forgotten Intentions PART II. UTTERANCE-LEVEL ISSUES IN CENTERING 4: Sharon Cote: Ranking Forward-Looking Centers 5: Susan Hudson-D'Zmura: Control and Event Structure: The View from the Center 6: Megumi Kameyama: Intrasentential Centering: A Case Study PART III. CENTERING AS A CROSS-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL 7: Barbara Di Eugenio: Centering in Italian 8: Umit Deniz Turan: Ranking Forward-Looking Centers in Turkish: Universal and Language-Specific Properties 9: Masayo Iida: Discourse Coherence and Shifting Centers in Japanese Texts PART IV. THE ROLE OF CENTERING IN PROCESSING MODELS OF DISCOURSE 10: Jeanette Gundel: Centering Theory and the Givenness Hierarchy: Towards a Synthesis 11: Susan Hudson-D'Zmura and Michael K. Tanenhaus: Assigning Antecedents to Ambiguous Pronouns: The Role of the Center of Attention as the Default Assignment 12: Susan E. Brennan: Centering as a Psychological Resource for Achieving Joint Reference in Spontaneous Discourse PART V. INFORMATION STRUCTURE AND CENTERING 13: Beryl Hoffman: Word Order, Information Structure, and Centering in Turkish 14: Felicia Hurewitz: A Quantitative Look at Discourse Coherence 15: Barbara Grosz and Yael Ziv: Centering, Global Focus, and Right-Dislocation 16: Betty Birner: Recency Effects in English Inversion PART VI. DISCOURSE STRUCTURE AND CENTERING 17: Rebecca J. Passonneau: Interaction of Discourse Structure with Explicitness of Discourse Anaphoric Noun Phrases 18: Craige Roberts: The Place of Centering in a General Theory of Anaphora Resolution 19: Marilyn Walker: Centering, Anaphora Resolution, and Discourse Structure

ISBN: 9780198236870
ISBN-10: 0198236875
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 1st November 1997
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 16.3  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.82