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Cellular Solids : Structure and Properties - Lorna J. Gibson

Cellular Solids

Structure and Properties

Paperback Published: 20th September 1999
ISBN: 9780521499118
Number Of Pages: 532

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Cellular solids include engineering honeycombs and foams (which can now be made from polymers, metals, ceramics, and composites) as well as natural materials, such as wood, cork, and cancellous bone. This new edition of a classic work details current understanding of the structure and mechanical behavior of cellular materials, and the ways in which they can be exploited in engineering design. Gibson and Ashby have brought the book completely up to date, including new work on processing of metallic and ceramic foams and on the mechanical, electrical and acoustic properties of cellular solids. Data for commercially available foams are presented on material property charts; two new case studies show how the charts are used for selection of foams in engineering design. Over 150 references appearing in the literature since the publication of the first edition are cited. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in materials science and engineering.

Preface to the second editionp. xi
Preface to the first editionp. xiii
Units and conversion tablesp. xv
Introductionp. 1
Introduction and synopsisp. 1
What is a cellular solid?p. 2
Making cellular solidsp. 3
Properties of cellular solidsp. 6
Applications of cellular solidsp. 8
Outline of the bookp. 11
The literaturep. 11
Referencesp. 13
The structure of cellular solidsp. 15
Introduction and synopsisp. 15
Cell structurep. 16
Shape, size and topologyp. 24
Calculating relative densityp. 38
Characterizing cellular materialsp. 43
Conclusionsp. 47
Referencesp. 50
Material propertiesp. 52
Introduction and synopsisp. 52
Polymers and elastomersp. 55
Metalsp. 74
Ceramics and glassesp. 82
Summaryp. 89
Referencesp. 90
General referencesp. 91
The mechanics of honeycombsp. 93
Introduction and synopsisp. 93
Deformation mechanisms in honeycombsp. 94
The in-plane properties of honeycombs: uniaxial loadingp. 98
The in-plane properties of honeycombs: biaxial loadingp. 135
The out-of-plane properties of honeycombsp. 148
Conclusionsp. 158
Elastic moduli of square and triangular honeycombsp. 159
Small strain calculation of the moduli, including axial and shear deformationsp. 160
The elastic buckling of a honeycombp. 167
Mechanical properties of non-uniform commercial honeycombsp. 169
Referencesp. 173
The mechanics of foams: basic resultsp. 175
Introduction and synopsisp. 175
Deformation mechanisms in foamsp. 176
Mechanical properties of foams: compressionp. 183
Mechanical properties of foams: tensionp. 217
Summary of mechanical behaviour of foams: stress-strain mapsp. 224
Conclusionsp. 231
Referencesp. 231
The mechanics of foams: refinementsp. 235
Introduction and synopsisp. 235
The effect of temperature and strain-ratep. 236
Anisotropy of foam propertiesp. 257
Multiaxial loadingp. 264
Conclusionsp. 279
Referencesp. 281
Thermal, electrical and acoustic properties of foamsp. 283
Introduction and synopsisp. 283
Thermal propertiesp. 283
Electrical propertiesp. 295
Acoustic propertiesp. 300
Conclusionsp. 306
Referencesp. 307
Energy absorption in cellular materialsp. 309
Introduction and synopsisp. 309
Energy-absorption mechanismsp. 311
Methods of characterizing energy absorption in foamsp. 315
Energy-absorption diagramsp. 319
The design and selection of foams for packagingp. 331
Case studies in the selection of foams for packagingp. 335
Conclusionsp. 343
Referencesp. 343
The design of sandwich panels with foam coresp. 345
Introduction and synopsisp. 345
The stiffness of sandwich structures and its optimizationp. 348
The strength of sandwich structuresp. 356
Optimization of sandwich design: stiffness, strength and weightp. 366
Case studies in sandwich designp. 370
Conclusionsp. 383
Results for stiffness-optimized sandwich structuresp. 383
Referencesp. 385
Woodp. 387
Introduction and synopsisp. 387
The structure of woodp. 390
The mechanical properties of woodp. 394
Modelling wood structure and propertiesp. 414
Conclusionsp. 426
Referencesp. 428
Cancellous bonep. 429
Introduction and synopsisp. 429
The structure of cancellous bonep. 432
The mechanical properties of cancellous bonep. 438
Modelling the structure and properties of cancellous bonep. 444
Conclusionsp. 449
Referencesp. 450
Corkp. 453
Introduction and synopsisp. 453
The structure of corkp. 454
The mechanical properties of corkp. 458
Uses of corkp. 463
Conclusionsp. 467
Referencesp. 467
Sources, suppliers and property datap. 468
Introduction and synopsisp. 468
The compilation of materials and suppliersp. 468
Property ranges for available cellular materialsp. 469
Case studiesp. 477
Conclusionsp. 482
Commercially-available foams and their suppliersp. 483
Referencesp. 495
The linear-elasticity of anisotropic cellular solidsp. 496
The formal description of elastic anisotropyp. 496
Referencesp. 502
Indexp. 503
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521499118
ISBN-10: 0521499119
Series: Cambridge Solid State Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 532
Published: 20th September 1999
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.7 x 17.4  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.89
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised