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Cellular and Molecular Aspects of the Plant Hormone Ethylene : Proceedings of the International Symposium

Cellular and Molecular Aspects of the Plant Hormone Ethylene : Proceedings of the International Symposium "Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Biosynthesis and Action Hormone Ethylene," Agen, France August 31 - Sept. 4, 1992

Proceedings of the International Symposium "Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Biosynthesis and Action Hormone Ethylene," Agen, France August 31 - Sept. 4, 1992

By: J. C. Pech (Editor), A. Latche (Editor), C. Balague (Editor)

Hardcover Published: January 1993
ISBN: 9780792321699
Number Of Pages: 388

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The present volume contains the proceedings of the international symposium on Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Biosynthesis and Action of the Plant Hormone Ethylene , held in Agen, France, 1992. Since the last meetings in Israel (1984) and in Belgium (1988), ethylene physiology has gone through a period of exciting progress due to new developments in cellular and molecular biology. New methods and tools have been developed to better understand the role and functions of ethylene in fruit ripening, flower senescence, abscission, plant growth, and cell differentiation. Genes involved in ethylene biosynthesis have been characterized and transgenic plants with altered ethylene production have been generated. The feasibility of delaying fruit ripening or flower senescence by genetic manipulation has now been demonstrated, thus opening new perspectives for the post-harvest handling of plant products. Some progress has also been made on the understanding of ethylene action. However, much remains to be done in this area to elucidate the ethylene transduction pathway.

` It can be recommended not only to researchers in the field, but also to advanced students. ' Biologia Plantarum, 36(1), 1994 ' Overall, this book presents a good review of the state of the art in cellular and molecular ethylene research. It can be recommended to researchers interested in the fundamentals of ethylene physiology and to those concerned with agricultural applications.' Vegetabio 115:2 1995 'Altogether the book should be recommended to plant scientists and research students intending to acquire in-depth knowledge of the current state of ethylene research since the book provides the most up-to-date summary of this topic available.' Journal of Plant Physiology 144 1994

Preface
Ethylene Biosynthesis and Fruit Ripening
Structural characteristics of ACC synthase isozymes and differential expression of their genesp. 1
Monomeric and dimeric forms and mechanism-based inactivation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthasep. 7
Characterization of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase isoenzymes (genes) in tomatop. 13
Modifying fruit ripening by suppressing gene expressionp. 19
Cloning and expression analysis of an Arabidopsis thaliana 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase gene: pattern of temporal and spatial expressionp. 24
Relationship of ACC oxidase RNA, ACC synthase RNA and ethylene, in peach fruitp. 31
Maximising the activity of the ethylene-forming enzymep. 33
Purification, characterization and subcellular localization of ACC oxidase from fruitsp. 39
Purification and characterization of ACC oxidase and its expression during ripening in apple fruitp. 46
Mechanistic aspects of ACC oxidation to ethylenep. 53
Apple ACC oxidase: Purification and characterization of the enzyme and cloning of its cDNAp. 59
Biochemical and molecular characterization of ethylene-forming enzyme from avocadop. 65
Identification of genes encoding EFE in tomatop. 71
EFE multi-gene family in tomato plants: Expression and characterizationp. 76
Altered gene expression, leaf senescence, and fruit ripening by inhibiting ethylene synthesis with EFE-antisense genesp. 82
Conversion of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid to ethylene and its regulation by calcium in sunflower protoplastsp. 90
Isolation of a ripening and wound-induced cDNA from Cucumis melo L. with homology to the ethylene-forming enzymep. 92
Isolation and characterisation of ethylene-forming enzyme genes from melonp. 94
Immunocytolocalisation of ACC oxidase in tomato fruitsp. 96
Biochemical and immunocytological characterization of ACC oxidase in transgenic grape cellsp. 98
Effect of E8 protein on ethylene biosynthesis during tomato fruit ripeningp. 100
Expression of a bacterial ACC deaminase gene in tomatop. 106
Stereospecific reaction of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminasep. 111
Biochemical and molecular aspects of low oxygen action on fruit ripeningp. 117
Functional analysis of CX-Cellulase (endo-[beta]-1,4-glucanase) gene expression in transgenic tomato fruitp. 123
Inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis and suppression of cellulase and polygalacturonase in avocado fruit subjected to low oxygen storagep. 129
Cold-induced climacteric rise of ethylene metabolism in Granny Smith applesp. 136
Regulation by temperature of the propylene induced ethylene biosynthesis and ripening in "Hayward" kiwifruitp. 142
Ethylene involvement in raspberry fruit ripeningp. 144
Effect of ethylene on sesquiterpene nootkatone production during the maturation-senescence stage in grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.)p. 146
Ethylene biosynthesis during the ripening of cherimoya (Annona cherimola, Mill)p. 148
Effects of CO[subscript 2] on ethylene production by apples at low and high O[subscript 2] concentrationsp. 150
High carbon dioxide treatment before storage as inducer or reducer of ethylene in applesp. 152
ADH activity, via ethanol, affects ethylene production in tomato pericarp discsp. 154
Two-dimensional protein patterns of cherimoya fruits during ripeningp. 156
Involvement of ethylene levels in delayed ripening of avocado cv. "Hass" at low temperaturep. 158
Relationship between polyamines and ethylene in cherimoya fruit ripeningp. 160
Modulation of gene expression under ethylene treatment in the latex of Hevea brasiliensisp. 162
Immunodetection of ethylene-induced chlorophyllase from citrus fruit peelp. 164
Ascorbate oxidase of Cucumis melop. 166
Ethylene Action
Ethylene receptorsp. 168
Buckminsterfullerene (C60 buckyball) inhibition of ethylene release from senescing legume foliage and cut carnationsp. 174
Effect of diazocyclopentadiene (DACP) on cut carnationsp. 182
Reduced sensitivity to ethylene and delayed senescence in a group of related carnation cultivarsp. 188
In vitro study of ethylene binding sites in pea seedlingsp. 195
Stress Ethylene
Fungal xylanase elicits ethylene biosynthesis and other defense responses in tobaccop. 197
Stress ethylene in Hevea brasiliensis: Physiological, cellular and molecular aspectsp. 205
Wound ethylene synthesis in the stress-affected cellsp. 211
Ethylene in early signalling phenomena at the plant-microorganism interfacep. 217
Tomato ACC synthase : regulation of gene expression and importance of the C-terminal region in enzyme activityp. 223
Regulation of ethylene synthesis in maize roots responses to stressp. 232
Heavy metal induction of ethylene production and stress enzymes I. Kinetics of the responsesp. 238
Heavy metal induction of ethylene production and stress enzymes. II. Is ethylene involved in the signal transduction from stress perception to stress responses?p. 240
Flooding resistance and ethylene. I. An ecophysiological approach with rumex as a modelp. 247
Flooding resistance and ethylene. II. Application of an advanccd laser-driven photoacoustic technique in ethylene measurements on flooded rumex plantsp. 249
Flooding resistance and ethylene. III. The role of ethylene in shoot elongation of rumex plants in response to floodingp. 251
Effect of saline stress on growth of lycopersicon esculentum plants and its relation with endogenous ethylene metabolismp. 253
Ethylene biosynthesis in "Hayward" kiwifruit infected by Botrytis cinereap. 255
Ethylene, stress and enzymatic activities in Hevea latex: the diversity of responsesp. 257
Molecular and physiological characterisation of the role of ethylene during pathogen attack of tomato fruitp. 259
The use of antisense transgenic tomato plants to study the role of ethylene in responses to waterloggingp. 261
Research on the diurnal courses of abscissic acid, 1-aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid and its malonyl conjugate contents in needles of damaged and undamaged sprucesp. 263
Flower Senescence. Abscission
Hormonal and tissue-specific regulation of cellulase gene expression in abscissionp. 265
Changes in gene expression during leaf abscissionp. 272
Rapid ethylene-induced gene expression during petal abscissionp. 278
Abscission studies in a new mutant of navel orangesp. 284
Ethylene regulation and function of flower senescence-related genesp. 291
Cloning of ethylene biosynthetic genes involved in petal senescence of carnation and petunia, and their antisense expression in transgenic plantsp. 298
Interorgan regulation of post-pollination events in orchid flowersp. 304
Roles of ethylene, ACC and shortchain saturated fatty acids in inter-organ communication during senescence of Cymbidium flowersp. 310
The role of ethylene in the abscission and ripening of raspberry fruit Rubus idaeus cv Glen Clovap. 317
Expression of two ACC synthase mRNAs in carnation flower parts during aging and following treatment wth ethylenep. 323
Promoting the activity of arginine decarboxylase and ornithine decarboxylase by ethylene and its significance to the control of abscission in citrus leaf explantsp. 325
Expression of EFE antisense RNA in tomato causes retardation of leaf senescence and most fruit ripening characteristicsp. 327
Growth, Development
The role of ethylene in regulating growth of deepwater ricep. 329
Gravity dependent ethylene actionp. 335
Ethylene and the growth of etiolated seedlings of lupinus albus L.p. 341
Various conditions of illumination and ethylene evolutionp. 347
Ethylene and vitrification of Fraxinus explants in vitrop. 353
Stimulation of somatic embryogenesis in carrot by ethylenep. 359
Relationship between ethylene and polyamine synthesis in plant regenerationp. 365
Ethylene inhibits the morphogenesis of Vitis vinifera cuttings cultured in vitrop. 367
Enhanced ethylene production by primary roots of Zea mays L. in response to sub -ambient partial pressures of oxygenp. 369
Ethylene and phosphorylation of pea epicotyl proteinsp. 371
Knowledge of xylem sap flow rate is a pre-requisite for accurate estimates of hormone transport from roots to shootsp. 373
Ethylene synthesis by fruit plants cultured in vitrop. 375
Index of Authorsp. 377
Index of Keywordsp. 381
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792321699
ISBN-10: 0792321693
Series: CURRENT PLANT SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 388
Published: January 1993
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 17.15  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.86